PREMATURE BABYBabies born before the 37th week of gestation are born prematurely and aresometimes given the nickname, “preemies”. Babies who are born closer to 7 Months may not able to Eat Breath Stay warm on their own
HEIGHT / WEIGHT CHART Average height and weight of boys at different ages AGE WEIGHT (kg) HEIGHT (cm) Birth 3.3 50.5 3 months 6.0 61.1 6 months 7.8 67.8 9 months 9.2 72.3 1 year 10.2 76.1 HEIGHT / WEIGHT CHART Average height and weight of Girls at different ages AGE WEIGHT (kg) HEIGHT (cm) Birth 3.2 49.9 3 months 5.4 60.2 6 months 7.2 66.6 9 months 8.6 71.1 1 year 9.5 75.0(Source: Nutrient Requirements and Recommended Dietary Allowances for Indians,I.C.M.R. 1990.) more details click here…
Why do premature newborns need special care?• A premature newborn is not fully ready to deal with our world.• Their little bodies still have areas that need to mature and fully develop. Some of these areas include the Lungs digestive system immune system skin.
Signs of prematurity include:• Body hair (lanugo)• Abnormal breathing patterns (shallow, irregular pauses in breathing called apnea)• Enlarged clitoris (female infant)• Problems breathing due to immature lungs (neonatal respiratory distress syndrome) or pneumonia• Lower muscle tone and less activity than full-term infants• Problems feeding due to difficulty sucking or coordinating swallowing and breathing• Less body fat• Small scrotum, smooth without ridges, and undescended testicles (male infant)• Soft, flexible ear cartilage• Thin, smooth, shiny skin, which is often transparent (can see veins under skin)
Possible Complications Anemia Possible long-time complications Bleeding into the brain include:(intraventricular hemorrhage of the Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)newborn) or damage to the brains white Delayed growth and developmentmatter Mental or physical disability or delay Infection or neonatal sepsis Retinopathy of prematurity, vision loss, Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) or blindness Neonatal respiratory distresssyndrome, extra air in the tissue of thelungs (pulmonary interstitialemphysema), bleeding in the lungs(pulmonary hemorrhage) Newborn jaundice Patent ducturs arteriosus Severe intestinal inflammation(necrotizing enterocolitis)
GOD GRACE• Medical technology has made it possible for preemies to get through the first few days, weeks or months of life until they are able to make it on their own.
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)• NICU is your newborns protected Environment.• It may also be his or her home.• You should know that it is equipped with a Caring Staff Monitoring Alarm systems Respiratory Resuscitation Equipment, Access to physicians in every pediatric specialty, 24 hour laboratory service and YOU!
Monitoring and alarm systems• Monitoring machines vary depending on the hospital and NICU. However, all monitors record the heart rate • Respiratory rate • Blood pressure • Temperature
Monitoring and alarm systems A pulse oximeter may be taken to measure the amount of oxygen in the blood. You may notice that your newborn has various sticky pads or cuffs on his Chest Legs Arms Other body parts. These sticky pads and cuffs have wires that connect to the monitor which often looks like a television screen and displays various numbers.
Methods of feeding• Intravenous lines• Umbilical catheter• Oral and nasal feeding• Central line (sometimes referred to as a PICC line)
EQUIPMENT USED OF PREMATURE• Incubator – A clear plastic crib that keeps babies warm and helps protect them from germs and noise.• Bili lights – This is a bright blue fluorescent light that is located over your baby’s incubator. This light is used to treat jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes).
Kangaroo Care• Kangaroo care is placing a premature baby in an upright position on a mother’s bare chest allowing tummy to tummy contact and placing the premature baby in between the mother’s breasts.• The baby’s head is turned so that the ear is above the parent’s heart.• Kangaroo care has been shown to help premature newborns with:
Kangaroo Care• Body temperature Mothers have thermal synchrony with their baby. The study also concluded that when the baby was cold. The mother’s body temperature would increase to warm the baby up and visa versa.
Kangaroo Care• Breastfeeding: Kangaroo care allows easy access to the breast and skin-to-skin contact increases milk let-down.
Kangaroo Care• Increase weight gain Kangaroo care allows the baby to fall into a deep sleep which allows the baby to conserve energy for more important things. Increased weight gain means shorter hospital stay.
Kangaroo Care• Increased intimacy and attachment
Breastfeeding Breastfeeding strengthens a baby’s immune defenses and provides emotional connections between a mother and her baby. when a baby is born prematurely a mother may not be allowed to breastfeed her baby. Most premature newborns, between 25-29 weeks gestational age, are fed intravenously or through a tube.
Breastfeeding If you are planning to breastfeed you should tell your doctor and nurses immediately after the birth.Then you can begin expressing and storing your breast milk for when your baby is ready for it.Your baby’s digestive system and control of electrolytes will determine when he will be able to handle breast milk through a tube.
BreastfeedingThis is when you can use the milk you have stored. Once your baby’s respiratory system is stabilized hecan begin breastfeeding.Most babies born 35-37 weeks usually can gostraight to breastfeeding.
MOM AND DAD INTERACT WITH BABY1. Touch your baby as much as possible. You can do this through gentle touch or even stroking motions.2. Talk to your baby. Your baby is used to your voice(s) and it could be comforting to hear you. Along with talking you can read or sing to your baby.
MOM AND DAD INTERACT WITH BABY3. Change your baby’s diaper.4. Participate in your baby’s first bath. Depending on your baby’s progress, you may use washcloths or sponges to do this.5. Take your baby’s temperature.
Dear AllThe complete slide prepare as per my knowledge tomake for only awarness not for therapy/Treatment.If you find any thing in serious, changes from your baby,immediately consult Doctor.Without Doctor/Physician advice you are not taken anymedicine, therapy and procedure.This complete Slide dedicate to whom Loving KIDS inthe UNIVERSE.BY: VASSANTHAN.M
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