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Special Fares
Special Fares
Special Fares
Special Fares
Special Fares
Special Fares
Special Fares
Special Fares
Special Fares
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Special Fares

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An introduction to special airlines fares

An introduction to special airlines fares

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  • 1. Special Fares How to deal with them
  • 2. What are they?
    • Reduced Fares, but with:
    • Certain Travel Restrictions
      • Stopovers
      • Minimum Stay Requirement
      • Maximum Stay
    • Why: to fill up empty spaces
    • Why Restrictions:
      • To make them unattractive for business travel
  • 3. Types of Special Fares
    • Excursion Fares (EE)
      • Highest, least restrictions
    • Purchase Excursion Fares (PX)
      • Intermediate
    • Advance Purchase Fares (AP)
      • Lowest, most restrictions
    • Late Booking Fares
      • Last minute, internet fares
  • 4. To recognize them
    • Fare Basis Code:
    • Format:
    • Class – Season – Fare Type – Max. Validity
      • YLEE3M: Y L EE 3M
      • YHPX1M: Y H PX 1M
      • YKAP60: Y K AP 60
  • 5. Restrictions
    • Number of Stopovers
    • Maximum Duration of Journey
    • Minimum Stay at Destination
    • Moment of Booking
    • Cancellation Penalties
    • Only in Y-Class and only for Returns
  • 6. How to deal with them?
    • See if there are any Special Fares between origin and destination
    • Note all the fares and their Rule number
    • Analyze the trip in this order on these points:
      • Number of stopovers
      • Duration of Minimum Stay
      • Duration of Total Journey
    • Why in the above order: Stopover Restriction is most cases the strongest restriction
  • 7. How to count the number of stopovers?
    • Stopover is a scheduled interruption of the journey of more than 24 hours
    • It does not matter if it is on the demand of the traveller or not
    • Do not include in the count the point of turnaround
    • Count outbound and inbound journey seperately
  • 8. How to analyze the maximum duration of the journey?
    • Count from the day op departure to the day of departure for the (last leg) of the return journey
    • Validity in months: to the same day of the last month
      • 3 months: November 30 -> February 28!
  • 9. How to analyze the Minimum Stay?
    • At what date is the departure from last stopover point (including for this matter also the point of Turnaround)?
    • Start counting from the day after departure to that date
    • Compare number of days with the minimum stay requirement
    • Easy?
  • 10. Example 1: AMS – MAD – CAS – LIS - AMS
    • Departure AMS: July 16
    • Arrival CAS: July 19, Departure July 24
    • Departure LIS: July 25
    • What is the last stopoverpoint:
    • LIS
    • How many days:
    • 9 Days (Start counting day after departure AMS until departure from LIS)
  • 11. Example 2: AMS – MAD – CAS – X/LIS - AMS
    • Departure AMS: July 16
    • Arrival CAS: July 19, Departure July 24
    • Departure LIS: July 25
    • What is the last stopoverpoint:
    • CAS (Point of Turnaround)
    • How many days:
    • 8 Days (Start counting day after departure AMS until departure from CAS)
  • 12. Structure of the Rules
    • Each Special Fare has its own Rule
    • Each Rule has 30 paragraphs (0 – 29)
    • With the rules only the paragraphs that are different from the Standard Paragraph SC100 are mentioned
    • Mentioned Paragraphs have precedence over Standard Paragraphs
  • 13. How to go ahead
    • Analyze the itinerary of the trip
    • Go to the rule of the lowest Special Fare
    • Check paragraphs 8 – 6 – 7
    • If paragraph is not mentioned, then consult Standard Rule SC 100
    • Compare checks with itinerary
    • If it matches, then use that fare
    • If not, go to the next lower fare and repeat your checks
    • Etc.
  • 14. Once you have found an applicable Special Fare
    • Check for the season (Paragraph 3):
    • Day of departure decides which season is applicable
    • Write down the correct Fare Basis
    • Note date and city from which earliest return may commence
    • Note last date of validity
    • Write down ‘Not Valid Before’ and ‘Not Valid After’ for the applicable segments of the journey
  • 15. Example Not Valid Before Not Valid After
    • Departure Date: 19JUN
    • Fare Basis YHEE4M
    • Minimum Stay Requirement: 6 Days:
      • Earliest departure last stopover city is 25JUN
    • Maximum Validity: 4 Months
      • Latest day of validity is 19OCT
  • 16. Not Valid Before & Not Valid After 19OCT 25JUN 19OCT 19OCT 19OCT NOT VALID AFTER NOT VALID BEFORE
  • 17. To sum it up:
    • Look for the lowest Special Fare
    • See which Rule is applicable (Y …)
    • Check Rule against Trip Itinerary
    • If a Paragraph is not mentioned, than SC 100 applies
    • If you find something that does not comply, abandon and
    • Go to next lowest Special Fare
    • See which Rule is applicable (Y…)
    • Repeat check of Rule against Trip Itinerary
    • When you have found a fare, note Fare Basis and establish Season and Complete N.V.B and N.V.A.

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