Special Fares


Published on

An introduction to special airlines fares

Published in: Education
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Special Fares

  1. 1. Special Fares How to deal with them
  2. 2. What are they? <ul><li>Reduced Fares, but with: </li></ul><ul><li>Certain Travel Restrictions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stopovers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum Stay Requirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum Stay </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why: to fill up empty spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Why Restrictions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To make them unattractive for business travel </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Special Fares <ul><li>Excursion Fares (EE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highest, least restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purchase Excursion Fares (PX) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermediate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advance Purchase Fares (AP) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowest, most restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Late Booking Fares </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Last minute, internet fares </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. To recognize them <ul><li>Fare Basis Code: </li></ul><ul><li>Format: </li></ul><ul><li>Class – Season – Fare Type – Max. Validity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YLEE3M: Y L EE 3M </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YHPX1M: Y H PX 1M </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YKAP60: Y K AP 60 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Restrictions <ul><li>Number of Stopovers </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum Duration of Journey </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum Stay at Destination </li></ul><ul><li>Moment of Booking </li></ul><ul><li>Cancellation Penalties </li></ul><ul><li>Only in Y-Class and only for Returns </li></ul>
  6. 6. How to deal with them? <ul><li>See if there are any Special Fares between origin and destination </li></ul><ul><li>Note all the fares and their Rule number </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze the trip in this order on these points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of stopovers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duration of Minimum Stay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duration of Total Journey </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why in the above order: Stopover Restriction is most cases the strongest restriction </li></ul>
  7. 7. How to count the number of stopovers? <ul><li>Stopover is a scheduled interruption of the journey of more than 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>It does not matter if it is on the demand of the traveller or not </li></ul><ul><li>Do not include in the count the point of turnaround </li></ul><ul><li>Count outbound and inbound journey seperately </li></ul>
  8. 8. How to analyze the maximum duration of the journey? <ul><li>Count from the day op departure to the day of departure for the (last leg) of the return journey </li></ul><ul><li>Validity in months: to the same day of the last month </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 months: November 30 -> February 28! </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. How to analyze the Minimum Stay? <ul><li>At what date is the departure from last stopover point (including for this matter also the point of Turnaround)? </li></ul><ul><li>Start counting from the day after departure to that date </li></ul><ul><li>Compare number of days with the minimum stay requirement </li></ul><ul><li>Easy? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Example 1: AMS – MAD – CAS – LIS - AMS <ul><li>Departure AMS: July 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival CAS: July 19, Departure July 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Departure LIS: July 25 </li></ul><ul><li>What is the last stopoverpoint: </li></ul><ul><li>LIS </li></ul><ul><li>How many days: </li></ul><ul><li>9 Days (Start counting day after departure AMS until departure from LIS) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Example 2: AMS – MAD – CAS – X/LIS - AMS <ul><li>Departure AMS: July 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Arrival CAS: July 19, Departure July 24 </li></ul><ul><li>Departure LIS: July 25 </li></ul><ul><li>What is the last stopoverpoint: </li></ul><ul><li>CAS (Point of Turnaround) </li></ul><ul><li>How many days: </li></ul><ul><li>8 Days (Start counting day after departure AMS until departure from CAS) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Structure of the Rules <ul><li>Each Special Fare has its own Rule </li></ul><ul><li>Each Rule has 30 paragraphs (0 – 29) </li></ul><ul><li>With the rules only the paragraphs that are different from the Standard Paragraph SC100 are mentioned </li></ul><ul><li>Mentioned Paragraphs have precedence over Standard Paragraphs </li></ul>
  13. 13. How to go ahead <ul><li>Analyze the itinerary of the trip </li></ul><ul><li>Go to the rule of the lowest Special Fare </li></ul><ul><li>Check paragraphs 8 – 6 – 7 </li></ul><ul><li>If paragraph is not mentioned, then consult Standard Rule SC 100 </li></ul><ul><li>Compare checks with itinerary </li></ul><ul><li>If it matches, then use that fare </li></ul><ul><li>If not, go to the next lower fare and repeat your checks </li></ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Once you have found an applicable Special Fare <ul><li>Check for the season (Paragraph 3): </li></ul><ul><li>Day of departure decides which season is applicable </li></ul><ul><li>Write down the correct Fare Basis </li></ul><ul><li>Note date and city from which earliest return may commence </li></ul><ul><li>Note last date of validity </li></ul><ul><li>Write down ‘Not Valid Before’ and ‘Not Valid After’ for the applicable segments of the journey </li></ul>
  15. 15. Example Not Valid Before Not Valid After <ul><li>Departure Date: 19JUN </li></ul><ul><li>Fare Basis YHEE4M </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum Stay Requirement: 6 Days: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earliest departure last stopover city is 25JUN </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maximum Validity: 4 Months </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Latest day of validity is 19OCT </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Not Valid Before & Not Valid After 19OCT 25JUN 19OCT 19OCT 19OCT NOT VALID AFTER NOT VALID BEFORE
  17. 17. To sum it up: <ul><li>Look for the lowest Special Fare </li></ul><ul><li>See which Rule is applicable (Y …) </li></ul><ul><li>Check Rule against Trip Itinerary </li></ul><ul><li>If a Paragraph is not mentioned, than SC 100 applies </li></ul><ul><li>If you find something that does not comply, abandon and </li></ul><ul><li>Go to next lowest Special Fare </li></ul><ul><li>See which Rule is applicable (Y…) </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat check of Rule against Trip Itinerary </li></ul><ul><li>When you have found a fare, note Fare Basis and establish Season and Complete N.V.B and N.V.A. </li></ul>