Gr 10 architecture


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Gr. 10 Architecture

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Gr 10 architecture

  1. 1. Grade 10: Architecture
  2. 2. Architecture  Compare the following pairs of architectural structures in the T-charts provided on your note.  Consider the following: structure, scale, materials, interior space, decoration (colour), rhythm, distinctive elements (unique pieces) Architectural Comparisons
  3. 3. Architectural Comparisons  Egyptian Pyramid of Cheops (Giza 2530 B.C.)  Greek Parthenon (447 – 432 B.C.)
  4. 4. Architectural Comparisons Egyptian pyramids  Stone, covered in limestone, and capped in gold  Royal tombs  Buried riches, etc. for the afterlife Greek Parthenon  Temple for Athena  Limestone foundations, marble columns  Golden Ratio (a mathematical equation for measuring size)  statue of Athena that was made of gold and ivory  Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian columns
  5. 5. Architectural Comparisons  Romanesque St. Sermin, Toulouse, France 1080 – 1120 A.D.  Gothic Reims Cathedral, France 1210 A.D.
  6. 6. Architectural Comparisons Romanesque  grand cathedrals  Thick stone walls  Arches  Groin vaults for support  Large towers Gothic  Grand cathedrals  Pointed arch (pointing to God)  Ribbed vault  Flying buttresses for support  Lots of windows to let in light (Divine inspiration)
  7. 7. Architectural Comparisons  Joseph Paxton’s Crystal Palace, London, UK 1851  Walter Gropius’ Bauhaus, Dresden, Germany 1928
  8. 8. Architectural Comparisons Crystal Palace Built with cast iron and glass New technology allowed it to use more glass than ever before Didn't need lights Built for the Great Exhibition of 1851, an international event to show off new technologies of the Industrial Revolution. Bauhaus A German school of crafts and fine arts This style influenced Modern architecture in its lack of ornamentation and its harmony between the purpose of the building and the design. Simple design; usefulness was more important than beauty.
  9. 9. Architectural Comparisons Modernism  Less is more! SIMPLICITY  Focus on function  Lots of glass and metal (born out of the Industrial Revolution)  Very little ornamentation  Smooth faced (don’t even have window ledges) Seagram Building, NYC, 1958
  10. 10. Architectural Comparisons  F.L.Wright’s Falling Water, Bear Run, PA 1936
  11. 11. Architectural Comparisons Postmodernism  Less is a bore!  Return of “wit, ornament, and reference”  Diverse styles (anything goes) – individual expression!  Design for its own sake (not just for function)  New ways of viewing familiar structures Frank Gehry, Concert Hall in L.A. Rem Koolhaas, CCTV Building, China
  12. 12. Architectural Design  Design your own building for whatever purpose you want. (Keep it appropriate)  Incorporate 2 characteristics from the architectural periods that we’ve studied.  Draw your building using 2 - Point Perspective.
  13. 13. One-Point Perspective  Creates the illusion of deep space.  The illusion is created by using a vanishing point & guidelines.  Either lines are vertical or they connect to your vanishing point.
  14. 14. One-Point Perspective: Example
  15. 15. Two-Point Perspective  Creates the illusion of deep space that starts at a corner.  The illusion is created by using two vanishing points & guidelines.  Either lines are vertical or they connect to one of your vanishing points.  Demo (lines on the right side  right v.p. lines on the left side  left v.p.)
  16. 16. Two-Point Perspective: Examples M. C. Escher