Ceramics Unit 5

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Gr. 11 Ceramics Unit 5

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Ceramics Unit 5

  1. 1. Unit 5: Lesson 1 The Birth of Ceramic Art
  2. 2. The Birth of Ceramic Art ● In the early 1900s, factories had taken over almost all aspects of production of useful ceramics. ● As a result, in the 1940s & 50s, British potter Bernard Leach (1887 – 1979) pushed for the revival of handmade ceramics. ● This movement was known as the Studio Potter Movement.
  3. 3. Bernard Leach ● Leach had studied with clay masters in Japan and was influenced by their aesthetics ● In 1940, he published A Potter's Book, which rejected mass production and emphasized the value of handmade pottery.
  4. 4. How would you describe Leach's work?
  5. 5. Shoji Hamada ● Leach set up a pottery studio in St. Ives, England with the help of Shoji Hamada. ● Hamada was an accomplished young potter whom Leach had worked with in Japan. ● Hamada later achieved worldwide recognition for his ceramic work.
  6. 6. How would you describe Hamada's work?
  7. 7. The Leach Pottery Studio ● St. Ives became a place where potters were trained to produce simple, straightforward pots that focused primarily on function. ● Later Leach and Hamada travelled the world teaching the fundamental principles of clay design. ● American & Canadian pottery in the 1950s was heavily influenced by Leach and Hamada views.
  8. 8. Peter Voulkos ● Voulkos was a talented potter and teacher in west coast California. ● He met Leach and Hamada when they toured the U.S.A. in 1952. ● He was inspired to become part of the movement to emphasize the importance of ceramics.
  9. 9. Peter Voulkos ● In 1953, he met and was influenced by artists involved in the Abstract Expressionist movement. ● Abstract Expressionism is a type of art in which the artist expresses himself using form and colour. It is non- representational, which means that there are no actual objects represented.
  10. 10. Peter Voulkos ● Over the next decades, Voulkos pushed the boundaries of functional clay work. ● His work shifted away from traditional forms, and he began to make large sculptural pieces. ● The only purpose of these non-functional forms was to highlight the expressive potential within clay.
  11. 11. How would you describe Voulkos' work?
  12. 12. Craft VS. Art ● Until Voulkos, the boundary between craft and art had been clear. ● Voulkos' abstract expressionist pots blurred the boundary between craft and art. ● A new concept: Ceramic Art came into being. ● A clay object could now be valued solely for its sensory and aesthetic properties.
  13. 13. Contemporary Ceramic Sculptors
  14. 14. Beth Lo (Montana)
  15. 15. Adrian Arleo (Montana)
  16. 16. Tom Bartel (Indiana)
  17. 17. Pattie Chalmers (from Manitoba, Currently in Illinois)
  18. 18. Magda Gluszek (Florida)
  19. 19. Beth Caver Stichter (Washington)
  20. 20. REFLECTION: UNIT 5 1) How did you come up with your idea for your Culminating Activity? Why did you make this? 2) What techniques did you use to build your project? 3) How successful were you in shaping the clay into the form you wanted? Were you able to smooth bumps and cracks? 4) Were you successful in glazing your project? Did you add enough decoration? Did you use enough colours and textures? 5) What parts of your project need improvement?

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