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Ceramics Unit 4
 

Ceramics Unit 4

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Gr. 11 Ceramics, Unit 4, Sculpture

Gr. 11 Ceramics, Unit 4, Sculpture

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    Ceramics Unit 4 Ceramics Unit 4 Presentation Transcript

    • Unit 4: Sculpture
    • Lesson 1: Chinese Horse Sculptures ● The horse has been important in Asian cultures since it was domesticated around 3,000 B.C. ● Horses were believed to be powerful enough to carry their riders to immortality. ● They were the inspiration behind many poems, songs, paintings and sculptures.
    • Chinese Horse Sculptures ● During the Shang Dynasty (1600 – 1100 B.C.), real horses and human charioteers were buried alive in royal tombs, to serve the deceased in the afterlife. ● During the Qin dynasty (221 – 206 B.C.), the emperor was buried with thousands of life- sized sculptures of soldiers and hundreds of horse sculptures.
    • Chinese Horse Sculptures ● The Tang Dynasty (618 – 906 A.D.) was a time of cultural greatness in China. The horse was used in battle, hunting, and sport. ● Tang potters produced huge numbers of objects for their owners' tombs, called mingqi. ● Mingqi included figures of humans and animals, pots and bowls, and models of houses.
    • Japanese Horse Sculptures ● In Japan, around the time of the Tang Dynasty in China, artists were making large earthenware figures that encircled their burial mounds. ● These Japanese sculptures of horses, soldiers, and other animals are called haniwa.
    • Lesson 2: The Tomb of Qin Shihuangdi ● Like the ancient Egyptians, the ancient Chinese filled their tombs with personal possessions to improve the afterlife. ● The most elaborate collection of burial objects ever found by archeologists is the tomb of Emperor Qin Shihuangdi, who died in 210 B.C.
    • The Tomb of Qin Shihuangdi ● Emperor Qin Shihuangdi had unified China roughly into the nation it is today. ● “Qin” (pronounced “chin”) is the Western root of the name for China. ● Emperor Qin had an army of life-sized terracotta soldiers created to guard his tomb.
    • The Tomb of Qin Shihuangdi ● Qin's clay army includes more than 8,000 life-size warrior figures with individualized features. ● There are warriors, archers, cavalrymen and foot soldiers, as well as 130 chariots and 670 life-size horses. ● The figures were once brightly painted
    • The Tomb of Qin Shihuangdi ● The warrior figures vary in height according to their roles, with the generals being the tallest. They also have different uniforms and hairstyles according to their rank. ● Other non-military figures were also found, including officials, acrobats, strongmen, and musicians. ● The terracotta army was discovered accidentally in 1974 by farmers.
    • The Tomb of Qin Shihuangdi ● The terracotta army figures were made by government labourers and local craftsmen. ● They were built in parts. The head, arms, legs, and torsos were created separately and then assembled. ● It is likely that face moulds were used, and then clay was added to model individual features. ● Most of the figures originally held real weapons, like spears, swords, and crossbows.
    • REFLECTION: UNIT 4 1) How did you come up with your sculpture idea? 2) Were you successful in using the reductive building technique? Explain. 3) What parts of your sculpture are successful? Why? 4) What parts of your sculpture would you change and how?