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William Hugh Ewen Scottish Aviation Pioneer
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William Hugh Ewen Scottish Aviation Pioneer

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Looks at the first Scotsmen to fly and traces the life of Wil;liam Hugh Ewen

Looks at the first Scotsmen to fly and traces the life of Wil;liam Hugh Ewen

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  • 1. Copyright John Richard Terry William Hugh Ewen Aviator – instructor -constructor 1 December 1879 – 26 November 1947 1 st Flying Scot?
  • 2. Copyright John Richard Terry Chronology First powered flight by Jacob Freidrich Brodbeck in Luckenbach, Texas. Air-Ship powered by clockwork springs, had enclosed cockpit and rose 12 ft into the air and travelled 100 ft before the springs unwound and he crashed to the ground, wrecking the machine. No more funding available. 20 September 1865 28 July 1909 First powered flight in Scotland at Stirling by Harold Barnwell who flew 250 ft in a aircraft designed and built at the Grampian Motor and Engineering Company, Causewayside. However the Barnwell Brothers were not born in Scotland.
  • 3. Copyright John Richard Terry
  • 4. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Ancestry.co.uk Source Ancestry.co.uk
  • 5. Copyright John Richard Terry William Hugh Ewen Born in Shanghai, China where his parents William Stevenson Ewen, a Master Printer, and Selina Ewen, nee Blakeway were “colporteurs” taking Christianity to the Chinese people. 1 st December 1879 Bachelor of Music, Edinburgh University 12 April 1906 Served in Queens Edinburgh Volunteers, (TA) 1897 – 1902 Cpl Organist West United Free Church, Haddington Early years 1 st World War years Enlisted into Army Ordnance Department 15 October 1915
  • 6. Copyright John Richard Terry
  • 7. Copyright John Richard Terry Graduation ceremony 12 April 1906 Source US Library of Congress
  • 8. Copyright John Richard Terry Source US Library of Congress
  • 9. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Ancestry.co.uk
  • 10. Copyright John Richard Terry Source RAF Museum Hendon Source Ancestry.co.uk Source Sidnie Terry
  • 11. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Flightglobal 090911
  • 12. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Aeroplane
  • 13. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Aeroplane 091111 Source Jean Ewen Source Jean Ewen Source Aeroplane 250913
  • 14. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Aeroplane Source Aeroplane 15 June 1911 16 November 1911 31 August 1911 4 January 1912
  • 15. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Aeroplane 190912 Source Jean Ewen
  • 16. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Aeroplane 4 May 1912 Dorothy Prentice At 18 years old, on a Ewen owned Bleriot, became the country’s youngest lady aviator Source Hendon Aerodrome, a history David Oliver However there is no sign of her qualifying for her brevet in the RAeS records.
  • 17. Copyright John Richard Terry 287 Edouard Baumann Dep and Caudron 3 Sep 1912 Switz 295 Ernest Frank Sutton Caudron 17Sep 1912 England 315 John Herbert James Caudron 15 Oct 1912 Wales 321 Dr David E Stodart Caudron 15 Oct 1912 Australia 340 Capt John Chamier Caudron 22 Oct 1912 India 342 Lt Eric Conran Caudron 22 Oct 1912 Australia 344 Henry James Caudron 22 Oct 1912 Wales 406 Arthur Russell Caudron 21 Jan 1913 England 416 Lt Maurice Noel Caudron 18 Feb 1913 Mauritius 424 George Temple Caudron 18 Feb 1913 England 436 2 Lt Donald McMullen Caudron 4 Mar 1913 England 431 2 Lt Charles Bayly Caudron 18 Mar 1913 Cape Colony 442 Eardley Lawford Caudron 18 Mar 1913 England 449 Lt Neville Usborne Caudron 1 Apr 1913 NZ 459 John Herbert Torr Caudron 7 Apr 1913 England 473 Harry Stewart Caudron 30 Apr 1913 England
  • 18. Copyright John Richard Terry 487 Manuel Zubiaga Caudron 22 May 1913 Spain 494 Lt William Hicks RN Caudron 27 Jun 1913 England 506 Frank Goodden Caudron 3 Jun 1913 Wales 523 2 Lt Reginald Bewes Caudron 17 Jun 1913 England 526 Edwin Prosser Caudron 18 Jun 1913 England 537 William Warren Caudron 1 Jul 1913 England 566 Sub Lt Ian Clark RNR Caudron 19 Jul 1913 India 575 Lewis Strange Caudron 5 Aug 1913 England 577 Leonard Jagenburg Caudron 9 Aug 1913 Germany 588 Hereward de Havilland Caudron 13 Aug 1913 England 633 Wilfrid Watts Caudron 17 Sep 1913 England 652 Capt Herbert jenings Caudron 16 Oct 1913 Cape Colony 665 Cpt Charles Billings RN Caudron 27 Oct 1913 India 703 Harold Johnson Caudron 11 Dec 1913 England 705 2 Lt Thomas Holbrow Caudron 13 Dec 1913 India 717 Andrew Badgery Caudron 22 Dec 1913 Australia
  • 19. Copyright John Richard Terry 729 Herbert Cooper Caudron 27 Jan 1914 NZ 750 Denis Murray Caudron 11 Mar 1914 Scotland 760 John Banks Price Caudron 3 Apr 1914 USA 769 George Carruthers Caudron 21 Apr 1914 England 772 Lt Revnell Verney Caudron 22 Apr 1914 England Source Flight 25 April 1914
  • 20. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Aeroplane 23 Apr 1914 Source Aeroplane 23 Apr 1914
  • 21. Copyright John Richard Terry Certificates 1-4 Certificates 5-65 Three separate flights must be made, each of three miles round a circular course without coming to the ground. The flights need not necessarily be made on the same day. On the completion of each flight the engine must be stopped in the air, and a landing effected within 150 yards of a given spot previously designated by the candidate to the official observers. Source History of British Aviation R Dallas Brett No tests as the pilots were considered experienced pilots No 1 Mr J T C Moore Brabazon 8 Mar 1910 Shellbeach No 2 The Hon C S Rolls 8 Mar 1910 Shellbeach No 3 Mr A Rawlinson 5 Apr 1910 Shellbeach No 4 Mr Cecil S Grace 12 Apr 1910 Eastchurch
  • 22. Copyright John Richard Terry Certificates 66-719
    • Two distance flights, consisting of at least five kilometres (3 miles 185 yards) each in a closed circuit, marked out by two posts situated not more than 500 metres, (547 yards) apart, the aviator changing his direction after going round each post, so that the circuit shall consist of an uninterrupted series of five figures of eight and
    • One altitude flight, consisting of a minimum height of fifty metres (164 feet), but this must not form part of one of the two flights prescribed above. The method of alighting for each of the three flights will be with the motor stopped at or before the moment of touching the ground, and the aeroplane must come to rest within a distance of fifty metres (164 feet) from a point indicated previously indicated by the candidate.
    Source History of British Aviation R Dallas Brett
  • 23. Copyright John Richard Terry Source flightglobal.com
  • 24. Copyright John Richard Terry Source History of British Aviation R Dallas Brett Pilots trained at UK Schools up to 4 th August 1914 Bristol 309 Vickers 77 Graham-White 72 Ewen 37 Bleriot 34 Depperdusin 27 EAC 20 AVRO 14 Hewlett & Blondeau 13 Sopwith 13 Hanriot 7 Shoreham FS 6 Melly 4 McCardle & Drexel 4 Aeronautical Synd 3 Temple 3 Beattie 3 Ducrocq 3 Lakes FS (Seaplanes) 3 British Caudron 2 Hall 2 Total 664 RFC/RNAS 199
  • 25. Copyright John Richard Terry Source flightglobal.com 01061912 Source flightglobal.com 01061912 Source Scotsman 280512
  • 26. Copyright John Richard Terry Daily Mail event 1912 Source Peter Green 080712 Source Peter Green 010712
  • 27. Copyright John Richard Terry Daily Mail event 1912
  • 28. Copyright John Richard Terry Daily Mail event 1912 Source Peter Green 080712 Source Peter Green 080712
  • 29. Copyright John Richard Terry
  • 30. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Scotsman 310712 Source Scotsman 310811 Source Aeroplane 140911
  • 31. Copyright John Richard Terry Source flightglobal.com 040113 Source flightglobal.com 021112 Source Peter Green 1912 Source Peter Green 1912
  • 32. Copyright John Richard Terry The Caudron connection
  • 33. Copyright John Richard Terry
  • 34. Copyright John Richard Terry
  • 35. Copyright John Richard Terry
  • 36. Copyright John Richard Terry
  • 37. Copyright John Richard Terry Source RAeS Library London
  • 38. Copyright John Richard Terry Source RAeS Library London
  • 39. Copyright John Richard Terry Source RAeS Library London
  • 40. Copyright John Richard Terry Source RAeS Library London
  • 41. Copyright John Richard Terry Aircraft delivered to the RNAS Serial 40 Serial 45 Serial 55 Serial 56 Serial 57 Source Jean Ewen
  • 42. Copyright John Richard Terry Source RAF Museum Hendon
  • 43. Copyright John Richard Terry Source My Google Maps
  • 44. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Aeroplane p359 Ray Sanger
  • 45. Copyright John Richard Terry Source flightglobal.com
  • 46. Copyright John Richard Terry Military career 26 Mar 1 897 until 18 Feb 1902 served in the Queens Edinburgh Volunteers leaving with the rank of Corporal with a Sergeants certificate. 15 November 1915 Joined Army Ordnance Department in the rank of Temporary Lt and posted to Aeronautical Stores, Farnborough. 1 April 1918 Transferred from Royal Flying Corps to Royal Air Force with rank of Major 15 November 1918 Retired due to ill health with the rank of Honorary Major RAF. 31 August 1917 Temporary Captain Deputy Assistant Director Department of Military Aeronautics
  • 47. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Jean Ewen Source Sidnie Conway nee Terry
  • 48. Copyright John Richard Terry Source Army List 1917 Source Jean Ewen
  • 49. Copyright John Richard Terry Source John Terry Source London Gazette
  • 50. Copyright John Richard Terry
  • 51. Copyright John Richard Terry
  • 52. Copyright John Richard Terry
  • 53. Copyright John Richard Terry www.1stflyingscot.co.uk [email_address]