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Battle of the Somme
 

Battle of the Somme

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Battle of the Somme, one of the bloodiest wars ever - Presentation by Julian Engel

Battle of the Somme, one of the bloodiest wars ever - Presentation by Julian Engel

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    Battle of the Somme Battle of the Somme Presentation Transcript

    • Battle of the Somme By Julian Engel 3A - 2014
    • FACT FILE German name – Schlacht an der Somme French name – Bataille de la Somme Bloodiest War of WW1 Britain and France against Germany Start 01.07.1916 End: 18.11.1916 Both sides of the Somme 1.000.000 men wounded or killed Julian Engel 2014
    • Map of the Battles  Germany Invades VERDUN  The Plan – summer 1916 -> British and France forces attack the German empire  Germany go out of Verdun Julian Engel 2014
    • Tactics Huge artillery bombardment and mines devastate Germans Captured German Dugout Germany’s barbed wire would be cut Dugouts smashed BEF and French troops walk across no man’s land With repair equipment restore the German trenches Stop Germany retake lost territory Julian Engel 2014
    • Did it work? Germans had a good position – good visibility Trenches along the Somme 30m barbed wire – no possibility to penetrate Dugouts far under the ground Bombardment didn’t work out perfectly Julian Engel 2014
    • The phases Phase 1 – 1-20 July • • • Phase 2 – July – September 1916 Battle of Albert 1-13 July • • Battle of Fromelles 19-20 July Battle of Pozieres Ridge • Battle of Guillemont Battle of Ginchy • Battle of FlersCourceltette 15.922.9 • Battle of Morval 25.9-28.9 • Battle of Transloy Ridges 1.10 -11.11 • Battle of Delville Wood Battle of Bazentin Ridge 14-17 July • Phase 3 – September – November Battle of Ancre 13.11-18.11 Julian Engel 2014
    • The first day – 1.7.1916  7:30 am – first explosion  27 Divisions : 16 Divisions Britain : Germany  French moved to front quickly  Germans emerge from dugouts  British slower – heavy bag packs  Germans set up machine guns  Wire undamaged -> Easy Target   Chaos on every side Germans started tacking the BEFs down -> stuck in Barbed Wire  No one knew what to do  Many men fell  Many men fell Julian Engel 2014
    • Somme Boom Julian Engel 2014 France BEF Germany
    • The next battles Many lessons were learnt at the first disaster 25km land were gained by the BEFs Haig bitterly criticized Total Cost of causalities: Britain : 420.000 France : 200.000 Germany : 500.000 Different area -> usage of tanks first time in that battle The attacks were ended on 18/11/1916 Julian Engel 2014
    • The Aftermath Haig was criticized Butcher of Somme – His new unwanted nickname Verdun was saved Attitude of population to war became worse Commanders lost their confidence Media started speaking about the chaos in the first days All in all, the battle got Verdun back, but many men were lost. The relations between Haig and the prime minister got worse Attitude got worse Summing up, it was more of a disaster than a victory Julian Engel 2014
    • THANK YOU FOR LISTENING I HOPE YOU ENJOYED THIS PRESENTATION CREATED BY JULIAN ENGEL IMAGES FROM: GCSE MODERN WORLD HISTORY PG.33-36 2014 Julian Engel 2014