ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young Children Sample Album of Learning Task Documentation EntryLearning Task: Sandpaper LettersDescription:Students move their fingertips over thesandpaper letters and numerals to ‘get a feel’of them. Single letters and numerals can beused as stand alone cards to start with. Latercombinations of numerals or letters can beused to practice specific number or phoneticskills.Learning task adapted from:http://www.Volumes/External%20Hard%20Disk/1.%20SQU%20courses/6.%20Creating%20Classroom%20Materials/7.%20Sandpaper%20Letters/Sources/Sandpaper%20Letters%20-%20FamilyEducation.com.htmlAge Group:3.5 to 5.5 years Student Learning Outcomes:Subject Area: Writing:Language Prints letters of the alphabetSubject Strand: Prerequisite Concepts, Skills, & Values:Writing • follows class routines for selecting, using and returning individual learningSubject Topic: tasksLetter Formation • adopts class routines for obtainingBackground Information: teacher support to demonstrateChildren need many experiences working learning tasks and to obtain assistancewith letters of the alphabet before they can • small muscle control to trace theactually begin to print letters using a pencil sandpaper lettersor marker. Understanding can begin in a • recognizes and names letters andreceptive manner with activities such as numeralshaving children move their fingers over the • recognizes tactile shapes from workshapes of sandpaper letter. In this learning with three dimensional shapestask, sandpaper numerals and letters are cut • concepts about print – differentiatingout and glued on laminated cards. Once between upper and lower case lettersstudents can recognize and name letters and on a printed pagenumerals, they could attempt to match upperand lower case letters. Letter combinationscan placed on cards as letter chunks.Numeral combinations can be used tointroduce ‘ten’ and the other ‘teen numbers.’
ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young Children • Show the child how to trace theLearning Theory & Instructional shape of numerals while saying theStrategy: quantity, which they represent. • the activity follows the constructivist • Say that letters can be models to theory of learning in that the child use while forming them with a learns about letter formation by thick pencil or paintbrush. actually tracing the letters • show the child how to move the themselves. play dough to the tray. • the instructional strategy is independent learning with self- Preparation: correction Cut out enough cards of each colour to • the teacher demonstrates the learning match the number required for the letters task for the child initially, then the and numerals in both Arabic and English. child works on its own perhaps Laminate the cards before attaching the working with the same task for sandpaper. Employ the template sheets to several days to reach the mastery cut out the sandpaper letters. Note that the level. letters are flipped so that you can cut from the smooth side of the sand paper. GlueStudent Characteristics Accommodated: the letters to the laminated cards using • accommodating both bodily Super Glue. kinesthetic, spatial, and naturalistic intelligences underlie the design of Tools and equipment needed: this activity as student enjoy the • letter and numeral sheets texture, and sight of the sandpaper • cards for laminating and observe the shapes and patterns • sandpaper of the letters. • Super Glue • the activity provides concrete • scissors experience leading to the more abstract recognition and formation of Laminated Letter Sheets: printed letters. • associated file of English and • visually impaired students are aided Arabic letters and numerals with the tactile feel of the letters and their large size • computer printout each of the pages of the file • children only engage in this activity when it is developmentally • letter cards laminated appropriate for them and are not • sandpaper letters glued to card forced to move along with the entire class or through the forced progression inherent to printed workbooksIntroduction of the Learning Task: • Show the child how to remove the activity tray from the shelf noting the placement of each item. • Take the learning task to an open space at a table. • Demonstrate how to trace the shape of a letter while saying the sound that the letter makes.
ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young ChildrenChecklist of Tray Items: • tray • container of Arabic letters • container of Hindi numerals • container of English lower case letters • container of English upper case letters • container of Arabic numerals • containers of combinationsExtension Activities: 1. Students could go on to use paintbrush strokes to form letters of Alternate Tactile Letter Activity: their names including a capital letter Students can look at a sheet of laminated letters at the beginning. and attempt to draw various letters in a tray 2. Students could use a wet sponge to containing sand. form letters on concrete or a chalkboard. Evaluation Rubric: 3. Students could use a large, thick 1. Has difficulty keeping finger on the pencil to form letters and print their sandpaper letters. Transfers only a names. few letter strokes to paper. 2. Forms letters with reversal and/orEnrichment Activities: missing strokes. 1. Students could be provided with 3. Forms most letters matching the models specific letter combinations chunks provided. to address specific phonics skills 4. Form all letters correctly matching the 2. Students could be provided with upper and lower cases. specific numeral combinations as an aid to the letter of place value with Vocabulary: double-digit numbers. letter, upper case, lower case, sandpaper, numerals, print, model, & trace.Assessment Techniques: • Student compares play dough letters References: with printed models and self corrects. http://www.Volumes/External%20Hard • Instructor observes student while %20Disk/1.%20SQU working and provides formative %20courses/6.%20Creating%20Classroom feedback. %20Materials/7.%20Sandpaper • Instructor examines and analyzes %20Letters/Sources/Sandpaper%20Letters finished product. %20-%20FamilyEducation.com.htmlFeedback Suggestions: Comments, Hints, & Suggestions: • How could you make the letters the Use different coloured backing for each set of same as what you traced with your letters and numerals. finger? • What is different about this letter Key Words: from the one on the sandpaper card? writing, letter formation, upper case, lower case, sandpaper, trace, self-correct, & matching.
ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young Children• What are the upper/lower case letterforms for this letter?