ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young Children 2011Learning Task:Counting with Stars.Description:The child is going to do this task inBoth Arabic and English languagesindividually. The child has to put thenumbered cards in the correct orderaccording to the language; and finally,he has to relate the quantities(number of stars) with the correct Background Information:numerals. Children need to identify numbers and counting with objects independentlyLearning Task Adapted from: or with teachers support for the first time. Also, they need to recognizeEnglish Classroom, Child Care Center, putting the cards in the correct orderSultan Qaboos University. for both languages Arabic and English.Age Group: Student Learning Outcomes:4 to 6 years Understanding Number QuantitiesSubject Area: Prerequisite Concepts, Skill, and Values:Mathematics • The child has to follow class routines for taking this taskSubject Strand: and returning it.Number Sense and Numeration • The child has to ask the teacher for more explanation if he cannot understand the taskSubject Topic: well. • The child has to identify numerals (0- 10)Understanding Number Quantities
ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young Children 2011 • The child has to be aware that Self-Evaluation: the child can when he does this task in evaluate himself if he does a English. He has to start from mistake during counting the left to right, and when he does stars. For example, if he puts it in Arabic, he has to start the same number of stars for 5 from right to left. Therefore, and 6, he can recognize that 6 the child should recognize has one more stars than 5, and Arabic (English) numerals and he can count again to correct Hindi (Arabic) numbers. it. • The child can sit on the chair Think Aloud: the child can and work on the table, or he count loudly while doing the can use the mat. If he uses the task. mat, he has to roll it in the correct way after finishing. Student Characteristics • The task materials should be Accommodations: put in the tray after finishing. Logical-mathematical is a type of intelligence that relates to this taskLearning Theory and Instructional because it relates to work withStrategy: numbers and numerical activates.The learning theory that is applies in Preoperational Period is the secondthis task is cognitivism theory because stages mentioned by Piaget; form 2it relates more to the thinking skill. years old to 7 years old; and in this stage, the child experiences real objectAlso, there are many instructional to understand some concepts andstrategies relate to the task, such as: skill. Drill and practice: it gives the child an opportunity to increase his achievement of Introduction of the Learning Task: basic skills for the next steps, 1. Show the child where you put such as addition. the take from its place. Matching: the child has to 2. Tell him to use the mat, and to match the correct number of put it on the carpet. stars to their numeral card. 3. Show him to put the stars Mental Calculations: the child cards on the mat in order has to add one more stars for (from left to right for the the next number. English classroom or from right
ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young Children 2011 to left for the Arabic classroom) 4. Show him to put numbers on the left top of each stars cards in the correct order (from 0 to 10). 5. Ask the child to count the yellow stars and to relate the correct number of them for Instruction: each numeral. Mix the flour and salt together. Slowly 6. You can help the child for the add the water to the mixture and put first time, but then you should food coloring. Then, it will become allow him to try by himself; dough, so you will spread it. Finally, and finally, you have to review you will use shape cutter to make what the child has done. starts and put stars in oven (1 minute only 7. If it is not the first time, you can just ask the child to do it by him, and then you have to return the task to its right place. Tools Needed: 8. After finishing, ask him to Sheets of papers, scissors, yellow return the task to its right stars, tray, a container and a dish. place. Laminated Numbers and black skyCreating stars by flour: cards:Needed: 1. Print the moon card and the numeral cards out.1 cup of Flour 2. Cut the cards from the borders.1 cup of salt 3. Laminate the cards.1 cup of waterFood coloring (yellow) Checklist of tray items:Shape cutter (star) Tray
ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young Children 2011 A small container contains the make sure, and then he can put numbered cards them on the cards. A dish contains laminated • Help the child for self-correction. sheets of 11 moon For example, if the child puts the same number of stars for the numerals 7 and 8, tell him "why do we have the same number ofExtension activities: stars for those two numbers, so the child can recognize his • To learn counting the stars for mistake and correct it. the stars for the numerals 11 to 15 Evaluation Rubric:Enrichments Activities: 1. Unable to match quantities to numerals; may not remember atWe can use other same activities for what number to stop counting.counting, such as: 2. With teachers support, counts o Using red apple with trees out object(s) to match the cards. numerals up to 10 in sequential order; begins to use self- correcting strategy of first counting object into hand, thenAssessment Techniques: recounting objects to activityObservation: observing the child while 3. Independently counts outputting the cards in the correct order, and object(s) up to 10 to match thewhile counting the stars. numerals in random order; uses self-correcting strategy of firstAsking Question (Questions and Answers): counting objects into hand, thenwhen the teacher reviews the task with recounting objects on to activitythe child, she can ask him to point to thenumerals and count the stars on each 4. Counts out object(s) to 100, usingcard, so he has to count them orally. self-correcting strategy; with higher numerals places objects in a pattern of 10s so can count andFeedback Suggestions: review more easily; understand relating symbol to quantity • If it done correctly, the child can move to the next activity. • If the child makes a mistake in Vocabulary: counting, you should ask him to Stars count stars in his hand first to
ECED4080 Creating Materials for Use by Young Children 2011 Numbers (Hindi and Arabic numbers) from 0-10Reference:Sue Hathway, Mathematics Rubric, ChildCare Center, Sultan Qaboos Universityhttp://www.learning-theories.com/cognitivism.htmlComments, Hints, and Suggestions:Store the cards in food bags to save themfrom dust or dirtKey words, all in both languages Arabicand English:Stars, numbers, quantities, counting,numerals cards, black sky cards.