WHY ITALY?Italy in the fifteenth century The Renaissance began in Italy. What wasItaly like in the 15th century, and how w...
City States• Italy had no single ruler• It was a collection of  independent states, each  run by a cental city• Each city ...
City States: Florence     Florence, 1490
City States: Florence• 1400: one of the largest  cities in Italy (60,000-  100,000 inhabitants)• Centre of rich trade: woo...
City States: Florence   Palazzo della Signoria, Florence
City States: FlorenceDuomo (Cathedral), Florence; dome by Filippo Brunelleschi (1418 – 1436)
City States: Florence       Villa Careggi
City States: Florence Sandro Botticelli, "Primavera," 1477-78
City States: FlorenceSandro Botticelli, "Birth of Venus," c. 1485
Towns• Italy the most urbanised  area in Europe• Towns raised money by  taxing all goods brought  into them• Rich people: ...
War• Italian city states in constant war with rivals• Profesional armies (mercenaries) paid to raid opponents’  property• ...
The Church• Rome capital of the  Catholic Church since  13th century• Enormous wealth come  into Rome from all over  Europ...
The ChurchMichelangelo, "Creation of Adam," Sistine Chapel (Vatican, Rome) 1510
The ChurchLeonardo da Vinci, Madonna, Child, and St. Anne, 1510
The ChurchRaphael Sanzio, School of Athens, 1509-1510, Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican (Rome)
The ChurchMichelangelo Buonarrotti, Slave (awakening), 1519-36. For tomb of Pope Julius II
The ChurchTempietto di San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502, by Bramante
The ChurchSantAgostino, Rome, Giacomo di Pietrasanta, 1483
The ChurchSt. Peters of Rome, 16th century
The Roman Empire• Remains of the Roman Empire  had survived:   – buildings,   – manuscripts,   – Ideas,   – law (base of t...
Why Italy?
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Why Italy?

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Why Italy?

  1. 1. WHY ITALY?Italy in the fifteenth century The Renaissance began in Italy. What wasItaly like in the 15th century, and how was it changing?
  2. 2. City States• Italy had no single ruler• It was a collection of independent states, each run by a cental city• Each city had its own government, laws and money• Trade and banking• Great rivalry: wars and impressive buildings
  3. 3. City States: Florence Florence, 1490
  4. 4. City States: Florence• 1400: one of the largest cities in Italy (60,000- 100,000 inhabitants)• Centre of rich trade: wool and cloth, all over Europe• The city controlled the farming land around• Businessmen ruled• Member of guilds (craftmen) participate in the city’s government• Impressive city (art, architecture)
  5. 5. City States: Florence Palazzo della Signoria, Florence
  6. 6. City States: FlorenceDuomo (Cathedral), Florence; dome by Filippo Brunelleschi (1418 – 1436)
  7. 7. City States: Florence Villa Careggi
  8. 8. City States: Florence Sandro Botticelli, "Primavera," 1477-78
  9. 9. City States: FlorenceSandro Botticelli, "Birth of Venus," c. 1485
  10. 10. Towns• Italy the most urbanised area in Europe• Towns raised money by taxing all goods brought into them• Rich people: protection• Poor people: better-paid work than in countryside• Bad health conditions• TASK: Social Pyramid
  11. 11. War• Italian city states in constant war with rivals• Profesional armies (mercenaries) paid to raid opponents’ property• City defences• Weapons
  12. 12. The Church• Rome capital of the Catholic Church since 13th century• Enormous wealth come into Rome from all over Europe• Money: grand churches and great pieces of art• Changing views within the Church
  13. 13. The ChurchMichelangelo, "Creation of Adam," Sistine Chapel (Vatican, Rome) 1510
  14. 14. The ChurchLeonardo da Vinci, Madonna, Child, and St. Anne, 1510
  15. 15. The ChurchRaphael Sanzio, School of Athens, 1509-1510, Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican (Rome)
  16. 16. The ChurchMichelangelo Buonarrotti, Slave (awakening), 1519-36. For tomb of Pope Julius II
  17. 17. The ChurchTempietto di San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502, by Bramante
  18. 18. The ChurchSantAgostino, Rome, Giacomo di Pietrasanta, 1483
  19. 19. The ChurchSt. Peters of Rome, 16th century
  20. 20. The Roman Empire• Remains of the Roman Empire had survived: – buildings, – manuscripts, – Ideas, – law (base of the government of city states) Right, Tempio di Vesta, Rome, 205 AD. As the most important temple of Ancient Rome, it became the model for Bramantes Tempietto.

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