Renaissance = Rebirth• 1400-1600 new period of learning and creativity in Europe• intellectual, artistic, and economic changes• new attitude of enquiring: questioning approach to the world (Greeks and Romans) replaces the unquestioning one, typical of the Middle Ages (and led by the Catholic Church)
Where did the Renaissance begin?• The European Renaissance began in northern Italy, and was based in three independent cities; Florence, Venice, and Milan.• The Renaissance ideas would eventually spread into northern Europe as Spain and France fought with each other in Italian lands.
Renaissance: geographical influences (I)Classical knowledge brought into Europe via:• Silk Road (exotic products trade, ideas from India and China)
Tempio di Vesta, Rome, 205 AD. As the most important temple of Ancient Rome
Renaissance: Sources• Classics were important because: – satisfied increasing need for practical knowledge – supported involvement in urban affairs – pre-Christian, so didn’t require all emphasis to be on afterlife