What is tourism like in Spain?
Spain is one of the most important tourist destinations in the world.
And tourism is one of Spain’s main economic activities: it makes up
10.5% of Spain’s GDP and employs over 12% of the workforce. The
negative aspect is that jobs in the tourist industry are seasonal –this
means people work in tourism for few months during the year
because most tourists come during the summer
There are several elements that attract tourists to Spain. Physical attractions include climate,
natural landscapes (mountains, valleys, national parks, beaches, volcanoes Among human
attractions, Spain offers food, flamenco, bullfighting, cities, museums, festivities . Traditionally,
coastal tourism was the most popular type of holiday. But recently winter, rural and cultural
tourism provide significant benefits.
The Costa del Sol is the most southerly of Spain’s main
tourist coasts. In summer, it is more usual to hear English
being spoken than it is Spanish. Why has this become such
an important tourist region?
Climate: summers are hot, sunny and dry; winters are mild
Landscape: there are long stretches of sandy beaches along
the warm Mediterranean Sea. Inland landscapes
Accommodation: high density low-priced, high-rise hotels
and apartments along the coasts; camping accommodation
Nightlife and shopping: restaurants, cafes, bars, shops,
Activities: activities linked to the sea: watersports and
Changes in tourism and to the environment
Tourists demand amenities to make their visit more pleasant and comfortable (e.g. hotels, car
parks, marinas) and activities to fill their leisure time (e.g. water sports, nightclubs). As more
amenities are added, the environment which first attracted people to these areas either
deteriorates or becomes overcrowded. Tourists will therefore look for alternative places to visit
where the environment is not modified. This is happening on Spanish coasts.
1) Complete the map with factors attracting tourists to Spain. Then, underline the physical and human factors
using different colours.
2) Study the pictures and complete the activities below:
Look at the two pictures of Benidorm above. How has it changed over time?
Put these sentences into the correct column in the table
Tourist resorts are very noisy
Lots of extra water is needed for swimming pools and showers etc. and so farmers do not have
More Jobs in The Tourist Industry
Small villages are turned into large towns and lose their character
More taxes for the Government
There is more entertainment for people who live in the area