London temperatures are much lower throughout the year – so a much warmer climate is an attraction. Rainfall in London is fairly evenly spread throughout the year. Nairobi has distinct wet and dry seasons. In the UK summer months rainfall in Nairobi is lower than in London. This could also lead to a discussion about different climates across Kenya and the reasons for them.
The threat of terrorism after the 9/11 bombings in the USA had a profound effect on international tourism. Also in Nov 2002 a bomb blast killed 16 people in a Mombassa Hotel. The latest international tourist arrival figures can be obtained from the World Tourism Organisation.
This is the list of information that appears in the exercise: They are no longer allowed to graze their cattle in the game reserves. They are forced to live a more permanent life. Their villages are visited by tourists. They sell crafts and artefacts to tourists. They can afford for their children to go to school. Schemes are set up to provide clean water and improve housing. They perform traditional dances for the tourists Students could be given the list in advance and then be asked to complete the exercise on the board for others to discuss. Discussion could focus on those which are definite disadvantages and those which some may see as advantages but could be argued to conflict with the traditional culture of the Maasai people. This could lead to considering categories of impacts, i.e. environmental, social and economic impacts.
Some of the consequences can have more than once category highlighted and some may even argue they are both positive and negative. Therefore this is an open-ended task. However, by reviewing a wide range of consequences, students should have the opportunity to evaluate the impact of tourism upon the Maasai Mara and its people. They should be encouraged to weigh up the type of consequences – for example, do the economic benefits outweigh the environmental costs?