1714…• Most things in Britain were made by hand in people’s houses• The whole family took part• This was called ‘Cottage Industry’
The cloth industry
A clothier buysthe wool from the farmer The clothier takes the wool to the villagers who turn it into cloth The clothier collects the cloth and paysthe villagers. He gives them more wool The clothier takes the cloth to be dyed The cloth is sold
Combing the wool The wool is combed to removetangles and to straighten it. This was often done by the small children.
Spinning the woolThe fibre is twisted into a single thread by women and older girls
WeavingThe cloth was woven by the men on a loom
“Even though it is hard work Iam happy spinning. In winter I sit by the fire and chat with my family. In summer I takemy spinning wheel outside and gossip with my neighbours as well as keep an eye on the children”
I have been weaving since I was 13…….now I am a real craftsman. I am a my own master – no-one tells me what to do. But, sometimesthe clothier does not pay me as much as he should and Iworry about not feeding my family
Read what Henry & Anne say about their lives• Decide what are the good and bad things about their lives• Write a paragraph summing up what you think it would have been like to live and work under the domestic system of cloth production.
New machines... 1733 Flying shuttle…..couldproduce wider cloth
1764 Spinning JennyIt could spin 8 threads at atime
Were the spinners and weavers happy with the new machines?• No…they were afraid they would lose their jobs…….• But by 1788 there were 20,000 spinning jennies being used• … and the cloth industry was changing forever…