A few questions?????• Of every £1000 in the UK, how much is given in aid? – £300 – £130 – £30 – £ 2.70 £2.70 or £3billion a year. The UK government spends £25billion on weapons
UN recommendation• What is the amount the UN recommends that rich countries should give in international aid out of every £1000 wealth? – £700 – £70 – £7 – £0.70 £7 but so far only 5 countries have done so (Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Luxembourg & Netherlands)
Which country gives most aid?• UK• USA• Israel• Japan USA gives $15billion but it is mostly bi- lateral aid. USA gives a lot of money to Israel & Egypt
As a proportionof their wealth what position is the USA in the world in giving aid?• 1st• 11th• 21st• 31st 21st. The UK is 11th
How much money was actually given to the people in Bam, Iran after the earthquake there in 2004• 98%• 75%• 33%• 1.7% 1.7% had been given a year after the earthquake. £1billion had been promised
Which country promised to give most aid to victims of the Asian tsunami? • Japan • USA • UK • Sweden Japan agreed to give £260 million
Foreign Aid•Foreign aid is the transfer of money,food, equipment and technicalassistance from MEDCs to LEDCs.•The United Nation recommends thatMEDCs give .7% of their GNP in foreignaid to LEDCs
Table of Aid Given by MEDCs to LEDCs in 1999 as % of GNP Country % GNP Denmark 0.94 Norway 0.82 Sweden 0.80 Netherlands 0.74 France 0.56 Australia 0.34 Switzerland 0.34 Japan 0.27 Spain 0.23 USA 0.12
Unfortunately, foreign aid does not always reach the places or people that are most in need– Money and resources directed into ambitious schemes (e.g. dams, hydroelectrical power stations)– Money can end up in the pockets of politicians and corrupt officials
Should we give aid? There are arguments as to whether we should we give aid– Some people think that aid can be damaging and that people should help themselves and– Aid discourages the development of LEDC and makes them dependent upon rich donors– Others point out that we all live in the same world and we all rely on each other for our survival (global citizenship)
Is very expensive to repay and Building a Dam in one part of thethe country ends up not making country will only help those peopleany money, only repaying a debt who live near it or in the main cities. Projects such as energy The Aid Most of the people in LEDCssupply are very expensive live in small villages in the and a charity probably Debate! countryside trying to farm won’t have that much Small scale aid depends on people People need skills. They last being willing to give. What for a life time. Money only if it doesn’t come? lasts for a time, then it’s gone. Small scale aid is just a band aid Why should charities have to go on a very big wound. It takes round asking for money. a change in trade laws so that Governments should be donating LEDCs can trade fairly. money on our behalf .7%!
Indian Ocean Tsunami 26th December 2004 At GMT 00.59 a magnitude 9 undersea earthquake shook the sea bed off the north west coast of Sumatra. Within hours multiple tsunamis had swept across the IndianOcean ravaging coastal regions and killing over 275,000 people. “This isa human tragedy on a huge scale – for once caused by the action of Nature rather than Man” William Rees Mogg 27.12.04
Area affectedThe 9.0 magnitudequake, which was thestrongest in the worldfor at least 40 years,wreaked havoc acrossthe whole region.Walls of water, tens ofmetres high, slammedinto coastal resortsthousands of milesapart.Surging seas and floodswere reported as faraway as east Africa.
Within half an hour the waves had reached Sumatra and Malaysia and swept ashore in Thailand. Two hours later they reached Sri Lanka and India.Within four hours they had crossed the ocean to the east coast of Africa
The power of tsunamis only becomes clear as they approach shallow water along the coast
The Aftermath Early reports gave no hint of the scale of the disaster……. “Scale of devastation Thousands are reported to have been killed, but there has been little news from the worst-hit areas where all transport and communication links were destroyed. “ bbc.co.uk 27.12.04
Whole villages were flattened as here in Sri Lanka
Fishing boats, which provide essential food supplies for local people here in India, have been washed ashore
A family survey what is left of their home south of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Communications have been completely disrupted Bus station in Galle, Sri Lanka800 people died in a trainderailed by the waves in SriLanka – it is the worst traindisaster ever recorded.
The human toll is huge – on 30.12.04 it stands at 125,000
Millions have been injuredIn Aceh, Indonesia, so many doctors have been killed that thereare few trained medical workers to assist the injured.
Many children – foreign andlocal – have lost parents
Clean drinkingwater is requiredto avoid the spreadof disease
Armed police in Galle, Sri Lanka try to prevent looting
In some areas relief supplies are piling upDisruption of communicationsmeans that emergency suppliescannot be distributedefficiently