Key Question: What is a settlement hierarchy?Aims:• to know how settlements can be organised intoan order• to know the different sizes of settlements• to be able to organise settlements in the localarea into a hierarchy
Write the names of • Director of Studies the people in school in order of • Pupilsimportance into the triangle. Put the • Headteacher most important • Teachers first. • Heads of Department
What is a settlement hierarchy? • A settlement hierarchy groups a number of settlements according to their size and shape. As you move up the hierarchy the size of the settlement increases and the number of them decreases. • There are more cities than conurbations, more towns than cities, and more villages than towns. • The number of services that a settlement provides will increase with settlement size. Small settlements will only provide services like a post office, doctors and newsagents. Large towns, cities and conurbations will provide more services such as leisure centres, chain stores and hospitals. • The higher up the pyramid that you go the more people, but also there are less of them. The population increases the higher up the pyramid that you go.
Type of Number of Type of servicesSettlement people
Capital City This would have a population of 20,000 up to 100,000 This would not have many services. It may only have aConurbation small corner shop or post office. A village would have fewer than 1,000 people in it Large city There is only one in a country and may have a high population City This would only have 1 or 2 houses or families in it. It would have no services.Large Town This would have some services but not as much as a large city. The population would be over 100,000 people. Town This would have around 100 people in it and not many houses. It might only have a phone box for its services. Village A city with many services. Would have over 1 million people in it Hamlet This would have a population of 1,000 up to 20,000 Isolated A super city which has many towns in it. The population Dwelling would be several millions
Which services?• University • Secondary school• International airport • Health Centre• Government • Bank• Cathedral • Cinema• No services • Small shop• Large hospital • Large shopping• Theatre centre• Church • Railway station• Primary school • Newsagent• Leisure centre
Farmhouse/Isolated City Airport, cathedral Large town dwelling Up to 20,000 No services Up to 100,000 1 or 2 million Major shoppingPost Office, Church Capital city Hamlet centre 50-100 people Several families Hospital, banks Several million Government Village Small town Up to half a million Buildings Doctor, station One family No services Conurbation
Settlements in the local area Think about as many settlements in your local area. Put them into an order by writing them into the hierarchy.