The most powerful person in ancient Egypt was the pharaoh. The pharaoh was the political and religious leader of the Egyptian people, He was called Lord of the Two Lands and High Priest of Every Temple. He ruled Lower and Upper Egypt
What power did he have? He ruled the country He passed all the laws He owned all the land He controlled all the trade He led the army People thought he was a god so could not touch him or look him in the eye
‘High priest of every temple’ He represented the gods on earth He built temples He performed rituals Temple of Ramesses at Abu Simbel
War…… Pharaohs often went to war with their neighbours to gain territory A relief from a temple showing war with Nubia
Ramesses attacks Nubia…. Ramesses II has travelled from Egypt to the land called Nubia for a battle. The Egyptian pharaoh wants to control Nubia Nubia is just south of Egypt and threatens Egypts borders. Nubia has exotic animals, wood, and gold
Ramesses II drives a chariottowards his enemy. He gets readyto attack with his bow and arrow
Some of the Nubian soldiers are hit by the arrows and fall to the ground.
Since Ramesses has won the battle, the Nubians must bring him food,animals, gold, and special objects.
Ramesses sits under a canopy, wearing a special collar andheaddress. He is waiting for the procession to start.
The Nubians bring all kinds ofanimals including a a leopard, apair of oxen, a giraffe, a gazelle, and an ostrich. .
They also bring ostrich feathers,ostrich eggs, animal hides, ivory and gold.
A group of Nubian soldiers hold up their weapons to show Ramesses that they will not fight again.
The vulture serpentsarcophag headdress us of a beard pharoah crook whipDescribe what thesarcophagus lookedlike