International Aid


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Aid, development, LECDs, NGOs

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International Aid

  1. 1. International Aid
  2. 2. What is Aid? • Aid is the giving of resources by one country, or an organisation, to another country. • It can be food, money, technology, education, medicines, emergency assistance.
  3. 3. Why provide aid? The basic aim in giving aid is to help poor countries to develop their economy and services in order to improve their standard of living and quality of life
  4. 4. Why is aid needed by many LEDCs? • imbalance in trade, resulting in trade deficit • differences in development and global inequalities • need to improve basic amenities and infrastructure • encourage self-help scheme and sustainable development • to combat the effects of environmental hazards • following human-created disasters
  5. 5. Aid can be given in a variety of ways
  6. 6. Type of aid Government Definition Given directly by a richer country (donor) to a poorer country –often tied with ‘strings attached’. Advantages Disadvantages -can provide grants for students to study in MEDCs -‘tied’ meaning LEDC has to buy goods from donor -LEDC unable to return money - LEDC increasingly dependent – encourages corruption International Given by organisations such organisations as the World Bank and the IMF (International Monetary Fund) -helps LEDCs to develop new crops, raw materials and industry -money does not reach people - LEDCs become increasingly dependent on aid; debt -products sent to MEDCs Voluntary Organisations such as Oxfam and ActionAid which collect Money and receive gifts for people in LEDCs -not tied -deals with emergencies -encourages low-cost selfhelp schemes -money reaches people -dependent on charity’s ability to collect money -annual amounts uncertain Short-term/ Emergency Needed to cope with the effects of environmental hazards such as earhquakes and tropical storms -immediate help (food, clothes, shelter, medical supplies) - goes to places and people most in need - not tied Long-term/ Sustainable Organisations such as Practical Action and Aldeas Infantiles that help people in LEDCs to support themselves. - development of local skills and use of local raw materials - trains local people to be teachers, nurses, health workers -helps equip schools and development of local agriculture - LEDCs do not fall into debt
  7. 7. What is the best type of aid? A well thought out and carefully planned programme can help to provide the building blocks for a country’s future.
  8. 8. “Large scale aid is a thing of the past. Small scale aid really gets help to the villages where people need it.” Do you agree with this statement? Answer should include real examples, benefits, disadvantages of each.
  9. 9. CASE STUDY: OXFAM COW LOAN SCHEME • Oxfam work with local organizations • Provide help to farmers in trouble • Animals loaned are ‘returned’ to the scheme • Programme helps families to obtain food, money and basic needs
  10. 10. Activities 1) a.Make a list of ten aid items that would help these people immediately. b. Why might building new houses be a good long-term aid project?
  11. 11. 2) Study the two following aid situations: a. Explain which one you think is most useful. Why? b. Who do you think benefits most from the second aid?