What is Aid?
• Aid is the giving of
resources by one
country, or an
• It can be food,
Why provide aid?
The basic aim in giving aid is to help poor
countries to develop their economy and
services in order to improve their standard
of living and quality of life
Why is aid needed by many LEDCs?
• imbalance in trade, resulting in trade deficit
• differences in development and global
• need to improve basic amenities and
• encourage self-help scheme and sustainable
• to combat the effects of environmental
• following human-created disasters
Type of aid
Given directly by a richer
country (donor) to a poorer
country –often tied with
-can provide grants for
students to study in MEDCs
-‘tied’ meaning LEDC has to buy
goods from donor
-LEDC unable to return money
- LEDC increasingly dependent –
International Given by organisations such
organisations as the World Bank and the
IMF (International Monetary
-helps LEDCs to develop
new crops, raw materials
-money does not reach people
- LEDCs become increasingly
dependent on aid; debt
-products sent to MEDCs
Organisations such as Oxfam
and ActionAid which collect
Money and receive gifts for
people in LEDCs
-deals with emergencies
-encourages low-cost selfhelp schemes
-money reaches people
-dependent on charity’s ability to
-annual amounts uncertain
Needed to cope with the
effects of environmental
hazards such as earhquakes
and tropical storms
-immediate help (food,
clothes, shelter, medical
- goes to places and people
most in need
- not tied
Organisations such as
Practical Action and Aldeas
Infantiles that help people in
LEDCs to support themselves.
- development of local skills and use of local raw materials
- trains local people to be teachers, nurses, health workers
-helps equip schools and development of local agriculture
- LEDCs do not fall into debt
What is the best type of aid?
A well thought out and carefully planned programme can
help to provide the building blocks for a country’s future.
“Large scale aid is a thing of the
past. Small scale aid really gets
help to the villages where
people need it.”
Do you agree with this statement?
Answer should include real examples,
benefits, disadvantages of each.
OXFAM COW LOAN SCHEME
• Oxfam work with local
• Provide help to
farmers in trouble
• Animals loaned are
‘returned’ to the
• Programme helps
families to obtain
food, money and basic
a.Make a list of ten aid items that would help
these people immediately.
b. Why might building new houses be a good
long-term aid project?
2) Study the two following aid situations:
a. Explain which one you think is most useful. Why?
b. Who do you think benefits most from the second aid?