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Industrial Revolution: Working conditions
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Industrial Revolution: Working conditions

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  • 1. Working conditions
  • 2. No laws to protect workers……. • At the start of the Industrial Revolution no laws protected the workforce in the working place, so working in a factory could prove to be very dangerous indeed – especially to children. • Why?....the government thought that what was good for industry was good for Britain
  • 3. Factory conditions….. • Long working hours: 12 – 14 hours a day • Low wages: 75p a week for a man, less for women (35p) & children (15p) • Pay in coupons: to be spent at employers shop • Cruel discipline: beatings • Fines: for whistling or leaving the room • Accidents: unguarded machines, tired workers • Poor health: dusty, noisy, damp • No compensation for injury or ill health
  • 4. Conditions in the coal mines • Trappers: 4 year old children sat in the dark all day & opened doors • Putters: 6 year old children pushed tubs • Women pulled tubs of coal with a chain around their middle
  • 5. TASK • Imagine what the mill workers would say about their working conditions
  • 6. Why were women and children preferred as workers?
  • 7. How did things improve? • MPs began to think that child labour was wrong • Parliament tried to improve things and several Acts of Parliament were passed • People formed trade unions to work together to improve workers lives
  • 8. New political ideas…..
  • 9. Match Girls 1400 girls worked at a match factory in the East End of London. They made matches by putting phosphorus onto wood. It was very dangerous because it is toxic •Teeth & jawbones rotted •Many girls went bald or got skin disease STRIKE JULY 1888
  • 10. Procession of Match Workers to Westminster, July 1888 SUCCESS A 9% PAY RISE 200 girls marched in protest