A bit of history: Why do people speak English as their official language in other countries than England ?Why do some people speak Frenchas their official language in other countries than France? These countries used to be colonies!
The British empire The French empireIn the 19th and 20th centuries, the French empire was the second largest behind the British Empire.
Imperialism• Scientific expeditions – Exploration – Botanical investigations• Economics – Raw materials from colonies – Control of sources – Break monopolies of other European countries on raw materials • Indonesian rubber • Germany developed synthetic dyes
British Empire – 1750 - 1900• The Brits marched into somebody‟s country and said „We‟re in charge.‟• Imagine: you lived in your house all your life and you like it then some soldiers march in and say „this belongs to us now.‟• Not only that! The soldiers then made the people work for them!!
British Empire• Watch the video “History of the British Empire”• Name the countries that formed part of the Empire shown on the clip
• Study the map• Decide which colony would have been chosen for the following:1.Penal Colony – place prisoners in a far away place2.Trade in Silks and Spices3.Exploration and Adventure4.Farm Land5.Raw Materials – basic and natural materials6.Diamonds
Reasons why the British Empire grew• Trade – to gain raw materials• Strong military/Army – seen as a „great power‟• Spread of Christianity• Science
Dividing the world (Berlin, 1884-1885) Africa, 1914
One of the major reasons for bad relations amongst thenations of Europe before 1914 was that they wereengaged in a struggle to obtain overseas colonies.Although this happened in several areas of the world,the most dramatic changes took place in Africa. Manynations took part in what became known as the“Scramble for Africa”.The race to gain colonies played a part in the build-upof international tensions which eventually resulted inWorld War One.