Greek Poleis and Colonies
Greek geography
Cut off by mountains and the seas and isolated
– Led to the formation of city-states
– Limited interaction...
The origins
• Greek civilization started
around 2,000BC in the
south of the Balkan
Peninsula and the islans of
the Aegean ...
One culture
• All Greeks used the same _____________ and
_________. Homer’s poems (Iliad and Odyssey)
explained their comm...
Archaic Age (800-490BC)
• After 800BC, villages started to band
together to form strong trading centers.
These groups of v...
Poleis: Greek City-States
• A city-state, or polis, was a city with its own
government, laws, army, currency and way of
li...
Poleis: Greek City-States
• Because Greece is made up of many _________, and
has many _____, Greece was politically fragme...
Poleis: Greek City-States
• Because Greece is made up of many islands, and has
many mounrains, Greece was politically
frag...
Greek Colonies
Why did people migrate in Ancient
Greece around 700 BC?
• Greek farmers no longer grew enough grain to feed...
Greek Colonies
Each colony kept close ties with its mainland
metropolis, supplying grain and exporting
the mainland’s exce...
Label the diagram using the words: acropolis – temple – stadium – tholos
(circular temple)- walls – crops – agora – theatr...
port
Causes or effects of the migrations?
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Population increased considerably
Colonies were founded
Gree...
Poleis: Greek City-States
• The two most
important city states
were Athens and
Sparta.
• Sometimes the citystates fought o...
The Typical Polis
A typical polis included a city and the
surrounding villages, fields, orchards and
woods
In the upper pa...
Label the image of the city and the surroundings.
Farming
land
Woods
Upper part (acropolis
and agora)

Lower part

Defensive wall

Label the image of the city and the surro...
Shops around the squeare
Government
The ancient Greeks
referred to
themselves as
citizens of their
hometown - their
city-state.
Each city-state
(po...
Each city-state had its own form of government.
Some city-states, like Corinth, were ruled by kings.
Some, like Sparta, we...
Government
There were three main forms of government in
ancient Greece:
• Monarchy: Rule by a king. One city-state whose
g...
Government
Match the correct options in the three columns
Type of
Government

Description

Example

MONARCHY

the governme...
Greek Poleis and Colonies
Greek Poleis and Colonies
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Greek Poleis and Colonies

  1. 1. Greek Poleis and Colonies
  2. 2. Greek geography Cut off by mountains and the seas and isolated – Led to the formation of city-states – Limited interaction and unity of territory – Created fierce rivalries between regions
  3. 3. The origins • Greek civilization started around 2,000BC in the south of the Balkan Peninsula and the islans of the Aegean Sea • Ancient Greece was never a unified country, but the small states belonged to the same civilization – they shared the same language and alphabet, the same history and gods
  4. 4. One culture • All Greeks used the same _____________ and _________. Homer’s poems (Iliad and Odyssey) explained their common origin and the achievements of their ancestors. • Greeks also worshipped the same gods. The Greeks were _____________. This means that they believed in many gods.
  5. 5. Archaic Age (800-490BC) • After 800BC, villages started to band together to form strong trading centers. These groups of villages that banded together were called city-states. Soon, hundreds of city-states had formed in Ancient Greece.
  6. 6. Poleis: Greek City-States • A city-state, or polis, was a city with its own government, laws, army, currency and way of life. • Athens, Sparta, Corinth and Thebes were poleis
  7. 7. Poleis: Greek City-States • Because Greece is made up of many _________, and has many _____, Greece was politically fragmented – there wasn’t one country called "Ancient Greece." – the Greeks had city-states instead of one country. • A city-state is a city with its own _______, ______, _______, and currency. • Each Polis (Greek city-state) was ruled in its own way but they shared the same language and religion.
  8. 8. Poleis: Greek City-States • Because Greece is made up of many islands, and has many mounrains, Greece was politically fragmented – there wasn’t one country called "Ancient Greece." – the Greeks had city-states instead of one country. • A city-state is a city with its own laws, government, army, and currency. • Each Polis (Greek city-state) was ruled in its own way but they shared the same language and religion.
  9. 9. Greek Colonies Why did people migrate in Ancient Greece around 700 BC? • Greek farmers no longer grew enough grain to feed everyone • the land was scarce in the poleis, making farmers unhappy • each polis sent out groups of unemployed, landless people to establish colonies in coastal areas of the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.
  10. 10. Greek Colonies Each colony kept close ties with its mainland metropolis, supplying grain and exporting the mainland’s excess wine, olive oil, and other crops.
  11. 11. Label the diagram using the words: acropolis – temple – stadium – tholos (circular temple)- walls – crops – agora – theatre – port - houses
  12. 12. port
  13. 13. Causes or effects of the migrations? • • • • • • • • • • • • Population increased considerably Colonies were founded Greeks founded colinies around the Black sea after 650BC Scarcity of fertile land Greeks mixed with other peoples like the Egyptians There was not enough food for everyone Unemployment A minority (rich people) owned the land Greek influence spread all around the Mediterranean Sea There were many poor, hunger peasants Colonies were founded near the coasts New cities were set up
  14. 14. Poleis: Greek City-States • The two most important city states were Athens and Sparta. • Sometimes the citystates fought one another • And sometimes they joined together against a bigger enemy
  15. 15. The Typical Polis A typical polis included a city and the surrounding villages, fields, orchards and woods In the upper part of the city, the acropolis was located: in the center of the city stood the temple of the local god, and at the foot of the acropolis citizens gathered to carry out public affairs—the agora. In the lower section of the city there were houses and other buildings. Most Greek cities were surrounded by defensive walls.
  16. 16. Label the image of the city and the surroundings.
  17. 17. Farming land Woods Upper part (acropolis and agora) Lower part Defensive wall Label the image of the city and the surroundings.
  18. 18. Shops around the squeare
  19. 19. Government The ancient Greeks referred to themselves as citizens of their hometown - their city-state. Each city-state (polis) had its own personality, goals, laws and customs. Ancient Greeks were very loyal to their city-state.
  20. 20. Each city-state had its own form of government. Some city-states, like Corinth, were ruled by kings. Some, like Sparta, were ruled by a small group of men. Others, like Athens, experimented with new forms of government. Sometimes these city-states cooperated, sometimes they fought each other.
  21. 21. Government There were three main forms of government in ancient Greece: • Monarchy: Rule by a king. One city-state whose government was a monarchy was the city-state of Corinth. • Oligarchy: Rule by a small group of aristocrats. One city-state whose government was an oligarchy was the city-state of Sparta. • Democracy: Rule by the citizens, voting in an assembly (demos= people). One city-state whose government was democracy was the city-state of Athens.
  22. 22. Government Match the correct options in the three columns Type of Government Description Example MONARCHY the government of the people, making decisions in the assembly Sparta OLIGARCHY rule by a king Athens government by small groups of DEMOCRACY aristocrats, who make all the decisions Corinth

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