Aims of Hitler’s Actions he could Who might be worried by Why they might be worried foreign policy take to achieve his his aims aimsReunion of Germany Unification of Austrian government; Use of violence; and Austria Germany and Austrian Jews; Austria under the Nazi German Austria (Anschluss) Anti-nazi Austrians; government Britain, France and Italy Greater Germany Occupation of Czech and Polish Czech and Polish governments worried(union of all German Sudetenland and governments; Czech and for loosing wealthy areas; Czech and people) Polish Corridor Polish population; Jews; Polish population fear invasion; Jews (large German British government fear persecutions; population) British government fear Hitler’s ambitions Cancellation of the Rearmament; France; France fear Germany’s revenge: Treaty of Versailles German troops in Britain and France (Allies); German attack to recover Alsace- Rhineland people in Alsace-Lorraine Lorraine; Cancellation of Treaty Rearmament as Rearmament Britain and France (Allies) Britain and France were more worriedsolution of problems by the power of the Communist USSRRegain the land taken German troops in France; France fear to loose A-L; by the Treaty of Rhineland; Polish Poland; Poland worries about loosing PC; Versailles Corridor back USSR USSR fears German influence in EastDestroy Communism Attack USSR USSR Both USSR and Germany were building large armies: a war would be long Conquest of living Polish Corridor back; Poland; German attack; Britain and Francespace (lebensraum) in invasion of Eastern Eastern Europe; would not help Eastern Europe unless the east Europe and USSR USSR the situation is threatening Allies
Appeasement• Policy Britain and France took towards Germany in the 1930s• Britain (right) and France gave in to Hitler’s demands to prevent war• Hitler gained more power and influence: it seemed nobody would stp him!
Appeasement Arguments for Appeasement Arguments against Appeasement- Peace -Helped war in the long run: made Britain and France seem weak to Hitler
AppeasementArguments for Appeasement Arguments against Appeasement 1, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9 2, 3, 6
Arguments for and against appeasement• Sort out the arguments into two columns Arguments for Appeasement Arguments against Appeasement
Was Appeasement the right policy?• It was the wrong policy because it encouraged Hitler. If Britain or France had sqared up to him at the start, he would have backed off.• It was the right policy because Britain was not ready for war: public opinion was against it, part of the empire was against it, the USA was against it, Britain’s armed forces were not ready (badly equipped).
Nazi-Soviet Pact • In August 1939 Hitler and Stalin signed an agreement not to fight each other. • Stalin thought that Hitler might attack the USSR, so the agreement would give the Soviet Union more time to prepare for the war. • Hitler thought that a temporary peace with the USSR would allow him to fight Britain and France in the west. The Soviet Union could be finished off later!