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Baroque Art
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Baroque Art






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Baroque Art Baroque Art Presentation Transcript

  • Baroque
  • What is Baroque art?• art created between 1600-1750• predominantly religious emotionalism, dynamic energy and exhuberant decorative richness• generated in Rome, and spread all over Europe and beyond (including colonies)• freedom: artists able to express their emotions and their reality• more awareness of people, surrounding, nature and the world (European expansion and scientific discoveries)• art and religion: – Protestant areas responded with a lack of religious art, concentrating on paintings that thaught viewers moral lessons – Catholic reacted with the Counter-reformation to renovate Catholicism. They needed to attract viewers with religious that impacted on them. The objective was to express the triumph of the Catholic Church.
  • Architecture Painting Sculpture -rounded arches and curved lines; -realism - compositions with openCharacteristics domes - movement and energy spaces - curving facades - strong emotions -realism, naturalistic - couloured marble, gilt and - variety of subjects: details, personal features bronze religious, mythology, - intense feelings and - decorated or painted ceilings daily life, still lives, gestures - highly decortaed walls portraits - movement, energy and - golden painting vitality - spiral columns - folds in clother - areas of light and shade - areas of light and shade - architecture took on the fluid, plastic aspects of sculpture Gian Lorenzo Bernini Italian school: Gian Lorenzo Bernini Francesco Borromini CaravaggioExamples/ Dutch school:Artists Rembrandt, Vermeer Flemish school: Rubens, Van Dyck José de Churriguera Diego Velázquez Gregorio Fernández José Ribera Alonso CanoSpanish Francisco de Zurbarán Martínez-Montañésexamples/ Bartolomé Esteban Pedro de Mena
  • St. Peter’s Square and Basilicaa. Why was Rome so important in the 16th century?b. When did the building of the basilica started?c. What does the colonnade symbolize?d. Look at the photograph of St. Peter’s Square and Basilica and write a brief description of it.
  • Queen’s bedroom, VersaillesAdjectives to describe it Description of contents
  • Las Meninas by Diego Velázqueza. Describe the paintingb. Are the people portrayed posing for the painting?c. Analyse the layout 1. In which half of the painting do people appera? 2. Who is at the centre of the composition?d. Analyse the technique 1. How do we call the technique of light and shade? 2. How does Velázquez achieve a sense of depth? 3. Look at the faces from different angles. In what ways are they peculiar? 4. What techniques does Velázquez use to show distance?e. What do you think? Does Velázquez paint the people in a realistic way or he idealise their features?