Baroque1600-1750
1600 –  themodern world
‘Barroco’• Portuguese word meaning  – Tooth of uneven size  – Meaning it is unbalanced and ugly• Originally it was meant a...
Baroque……a definition• By the 19th century it meant light,  energy, movement & drama in painting  & sculpture• Very realis...
A great culture…literature•   Shakespeare•   Molière•   Cervantes•   Lope de Vega•   Calderón de la Barca
Cervantes• Don Quixote de la Mancha  – Greatest literature work in    Spanish  – First Novel  – Reality versus illusion
….music• Handel• Bach• Vivaldi                OPERA
…..science• Galileo – Italian physicist• Newton – English physicist• Kepler – German mathematician &  astronomer  Science ...
Baroque Art and Architecture• Started in the  Catholic countries  and seen as a  reaction to the  Protestant  Reformation ...
Where is this?Curved facades to create acontrast between light &shade
The Catholic Church countered the Reformation anddemonstrated its power by building St. Peter’s Cathedralin Rome, Italy. I...
Vatican
Baroque Architecture•   rounded arches & curved lines•   domes•   carved or painted ceilings•   highly decorated walls•   ...
Bernini,Baldacchino of St.      Peters    1624-33   Gilt bronze, Height approx.      100 ft.
More Baroque Architecture
Baroque• Change from church  to absolute  monarchy• Exemplified by  Louis XIV and  Versailles
Versailles             1000 rooms!             Amazing             gardens
The Queen’s bedroom
The chapel
Furniture
A Baroque Room
Cathedral at Santiago deCompostela
Elaborate churches
Salamanca – Plaza Mayor
Baroque Artists- El Greco - Spain- Caravaggio - Italy- Bernini – Italy- Rubens - France- Rembrandt – Holland- Vermeer - Ho...
BerniniApollo and Daphne    Pluto and   Persephone
Bernini vs MichelangeloDavid
Characteristics of painting•   Realistic & natural•   Movement & energy•   Dramatic lighting & rich colours•   Strong emot...
From the Renaissance stabilityof the triangleor pyramid(the balance valued inClassicism) to the    DRAMATIC DIAGONAL      ...
Supper at Emmaus, c.1601
The Baroque Period in Spain• The Baroque Period in Spain was really  the Spanish Renaissance.• Literature was dominated by...
“St. Francis in Meditation”  Francisco de Zurbarán
El Greco,The Burial ofCount Orgaz,    1586
Detail, The Burial…
Detail,The Burial…
El GrecoView of Toledoc. 1597Oil on canvas47 3/4 x 42 3/4 in.
2-faced womanEl GrecoLaocoon1608-1614Oil on canvas142 x 193 cm
Diego VelazquezLas Meninas   1656 Museo del  PradoTASKPage 114Question 1
Caravaggio• Murderous, difficult personality• Worked from life directly in oil, no intervening sketching• Used contemporar...
CaravaggioThe Calling  of St. Matthew, c. 1600
CARAVAGGIO    Bacchus    c. 1597    Oil on canvas    37 3/8 x 33 1/2 in• Use of light to  display drama.• Light usually  s...
CARAVAGGIOThe Crucifixion of Saint Peter1600-1601Oil on canvas90 1/2 x 70 in
North European Baroque• Rich Protestant  merchants could  afford to decorate  their houses with  paintings. They  liked po...
Rembrandt   How does this painting            depict the culture of its            day                          Dr. Tulp’s...
Jan Vermeer – another   master of light!!!
Rubens – “fleshy” subjects –   (especially women!)
SUMMARY – BAROQUE ARTART: light, motion, drama, complex, ornamented,convoluted, diagonalCHURCH still an active patron with...
Renaissance v BaroqueRENAISSANCE                        BAROQUEIdealistic                         RealisticSymmetrical - t...
Judith beheading Holofernes      Caravaggio 1598
Gentileschi,Judith Slaying Holofernes,      1620FAMOUS FEMALEARTISTA follower ofCaravaggio
Bernini vs MichelangeloDavid
"Bernini criticized Michelangelo for failingto make his figures appear as if made offlesh, and bragged that stone was like...
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  1. 1. Baroque1600-1750
  2. 2. 1600 – themodern world
  3. 3. ‘Barroco’• Portuguese word meaning – Tooth of uneven size – Meaning it is unbalanced and ugly• Originally it was meant as an insult - it meant ‘over the top’ & grotesque – too many notes in music – too much colour in painting – too grand in architecture.
  4. 4. Baroque……a definition• By the 19th century it meant light, energy, movement & drama in painting & sculpture• Very realistic – defects were not hidden• It was based on the technical achievements of the Renaissance• Complex & highly ornate
  5. 5. A great culture…literature• Shakespeare• Molière• Cervantes• Lope de Vega• Calderón de la Barca
  6. 6. Cervantes• Don Quixote de la Mancha – Greatest literature work in Spanish – First Novel – Reality versus illusion
  7. 7. ….music• Handel• Bach• Vivaldi OPERA
  8. 8. …..science• Galileo – Italian physicist• Newton – English physicist• Kepler – German mathematician & astronomer Science was based on •Empiricism – observation & experiment •Rationalism – the use of reason & thinking
  9. 9. Baroque Art and Architecture• Started in the Catholic countries and seen as a reaction to the Protestant Reformation – see how great Catholicism is…
  10. 10. Where is this?Curved facades to create acontrast between light &shade
  11. 11. The Catholic Church countered the Reformation anddemonstrated its power by building St. Peter’s Cathedralin Rome, Italy. It is one of the architectural masterpieces ofthe Baroque period in Europe. ROME – Capital of Baroque Classical pillars & triangular pediments still used
  12. 12. Vatican
  13. 13. Baroque Architecture• rounded arches & curved lines• domes• carved or painted ceilings• highly decorated walls• painted in real gold• spiral columns• coloured marble• areas of light & shade
  14. 14. Bernini,Baldacchino of St. Peters 1624-33 Gilt bronze, Height approx. 100 ft.
  15. 15. More Baroque Architecture
  16. 16. Baroque• Change from church to absolute monarchy• Exemplified by Louis XIV and Versailles
  17. 17. Versailles 1000 rooms! Amazing gardens
  18. 18. The Queen’s bedroom
  19. 19. The chapel
  20. 20. Furniture
  21. 21. A Baroque Room
  22. 22. Cathedral at Santiago deCompostela
  23. 23. Elaborate churches
  24. 24. Salamanca – Plaza Mayor
  25. 25. Baroque Artists- El Greco - Spain- Caravaggio - Italy- Bernini – Italy- Rubens - France- Rembrandt – Holland- Vermeer - Holland
  26. 26. BerniniApollo and Daphne Pluto and Persephone
  27. 27. Bernini vs MichelangeloDavid
  28. 28. Characteristics of painting• Realistic & natural• Movement & energy• Dramatic lighting & rich colours• Strong emotions – extremes of feelings• Variety of subjects – Religious – Mythology – Daily life – Still lifes – Portraits
  29. 29. From the Renaissance stabilityof the triangleor pyramid(the balance valued inClassicism) to the DRAMATIC DIAGONAL of the Baroque
  30. 30. Supper at Emmaus, c.1601
  31. 31. The Baroque Period in Spain• The Baroque Period in Spain was really the Spanish Renaissance.• Literature was dominated by Miguel Cervantes
  32. 32. “St. Francis in Meditation” Francisco de Zurbarán
  33. 33. El Greco,The Burial ofCount Orgaz, 1586
  34. 34. Detail, The Burial…
  35. 35. Detail,The Burial…
  36. 36. El GrecoView of Toledoc. 1597Oil on canvas47 3/4 x 42 3/4 in.
  37. 37. 2-faced womanEl GrecoLaocoon1608-1614Oil on canvas142 x 193 cm
  38. 38. Diego VelazquezLas Meninas 1656 Museo del PradoTASKPage 114Question 1
  39. 39. Caravaggio• Murderous, difficult personality• Worked from life directly in oil, no intervening sketching• Used contemporary peasants & common settings forBiblical stories• Controversial style – considered sacrilegious by some•Tenebrism – use of light & shade
  40. 40. CaravaggioThe Calling of St. Matthew, c. 1600
  41. 41. CARAVAGGIO Bacchus c. 1597 Oil on canvas 37 3/8 x 33 1/2 in• Use of light to display drama.• Light usually signified “God” or heavenly intervention.• Use of pagan, Greek or Roman figures
  42. 42. CARAVAGGIOThe Crucifixion of Saint Peter1600-1601Oil on canvas90 1/2 x 70 in
  43. 43. North European Baroque• Rich Protestant merchants could afford to decorate their houses with paintings. They liked portraits, landscapes and scenes from everyday life but also moral lessons Frans Hals
  44. 44. Rembrandt How does this painting depict the culture of its day Dr. Tulp’s Anatomy Lesson
  45. 45. Jan Vermeer – another master of light!!!
  46. 46. Rubens – “fleshy” subjects – (especially women!)
  47. 47. SUMMARY – BAROQUE ARTART: light, motion, drama, complex, ornamented,convoluted, diagonalCHURCH still an active patron with the energy of theCounter-ReformationROYAL patronage & PRIVATE patronage shape tastestooIDEAS: scientific method
  48. 48. Renaissance v BaroqueRENAISSANCE BAROQUEIdealistic RealisticSymmetrical - triangle Assymmetrical - curves, circles, ovals,Optimistic diagonalCalm Emotional -passionate, cruel,Rational grotesqueShows the moment before an event Dramatic – shows the actual event Light/shade – tenebrism (no grey) Movement Decorative
  49. 49. Judith beheading Holofernes Caravaggio 1598
  50. 50. Gentileschi,Judith Slaying Holofernes, 1620FAMOUS FEMALEARTISTA follower ofCaravaggio
  51. 51. Bernini vs MichelangeloDavid
  52. 52. "Bernini criticized Michelangelo for failingto make his figures appear as if made offlesh, and bragged that stone was likepasta in his hands–that he could fashionmarble like wax. And indeed he could.His genius for manipulating the act ofperception by altering perspective, allowedBernini to achieve new levels ofauthenticity in bringing a scene to life."– Isacoff, Stuart, Temperament, Vintage Books, 2001, p. 23.

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