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Athens and Sparta
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  • 1. Sparta • Sparta was a military state ruled by 2 leaders and the aristocracy • People belonged to 2 groups: citizens who paid their taxes and fought in the army or slaves who had to farm the land
  • 2. Sparta • Spartan society was obsessed with war. • Boys were sent to military school at a young age. • Boys who are born deformed are left to die on mountainsides
  • 3. Life in Sparta • Life was very hard in Sparta. Everyone was trained to be strong so they could defend the city • Men spent their whole life training or fighting. Boys joined the army at 7 years old • Women did not fight but trained to be fit and strong mothers • Education and culture was not important
  • 4. Athens • 5th century BC was the most brilliant period in Athens • Athens was the richest and most powerful polis • It developed very good trade links in the Mediterranean
  • 5. Athens • The citizens of Athens wanted to rule themselves and not have a king or queen. • Athens became the world’s first democracy around 508 B.C. • A democracy is a government in which all citizens can vote and have equal say in what happens.
  • 6. Democracy in Athens • Athens was a democracy because all citizens could vote, but only a small group of people in Athens were citizens. – Only males born in the city, over 18 could vote • The people met in assemblies at the Agora. If there were 6000 citizens there they could vote for laws. • Women, foreigners (people born outside of Athens), and slaves could not vote.
  • 7. Life in Athens • Athens had a great culture. They welcomed visitors and writers and the theatre developed. Education was very important. • After the Persian Wars new buildings were built such as the Parthenon, the temple of Athena on the Acropolis • BUT…..Women did not have much freedom. They had to stay at home and look after the children
  • 8. Education in Athens • Education was very important in Athens. • Boys went to school to learn to read and write. They also learned many sports. • Girls were not allowed to go to school or learn to play sports.