Geography of Greece
• Greece is a small country
in the south-east of
• Greece is near the
• The main part of Greece
in on a peninsula.
– a peninsula is a body of
land surrounded by water
on three sides.
• The rest of Greece is
made up of islands.
• Hellas is the name Ancient Greeks gave to the
territory they inhabited.
• Today, this territory includes many countries:
Greece (peninsula + islands)
• Greece is mountainous difficult to farm
• Greek communities
often times developed
of the mountains and
they were diverse
• As a result, they fought
each other a lot.
• Greece has a Mediterranean climate
• Winters are mild and wet
– allows for limited farming
– grapes and olives
• Summers are warm and dry
– leads to drought
– grapes and olives are one of the few plants that can
survive the summer droughts
The mild climate allowed Greeks to spend much of
their time outdoors
– assembling for meetings and
– performing plays.
Ancient Greek Culture
Cut off by mountains and the seas
– Led to the formation of city-states
– Limited interaction and unity of Ancient Greece
– Created fierce rivalries
• Sea became a vital link
– Hundreds of bays to provide safe harbor for ships
– Skilled sailors
• Traded olive oil, wine, and marble
• Returned with grains, metals, and ideas
– Adapted the Phoenician alphabet
– Became basis for all Western alphabets
How did the Geography of Greece
impact Ancient Greeks?
• New type of political organization:
democracy in the Poleis (city-states)
• Great architecture
• Skilled traders and sailors
• Smart warriors and conquerors