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Ancient Greece: geography
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Ancient Greece: geography

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  • 1. Geography of Greece • Greece is a small country in the south-east of Europe. • Greece is near the Mediterranean Sea. • The main part of Greece in on a peninsula. – a peninsula is a body of land surrounded by water on three sides. • The rest of Greece is made up of islands.
  • 2. Relief of the Hellas
  • 3. Black Sea Aegean Sea Ionian Sea Mediterranean Sea
  • 4. Macedonia Balkan Peninsula Asia Minor Samos Peloponnese Delos Rhodes Crete
  • 5. Troy Ephesus Mycenae Athens Sparta Cnossos POLEIS
  • 6. Hellas • Hellas is the name Ancient Greeks gave to the territory they inhabited. • Today, this territory includes many countries: – – – – – Greece (peninsula + islands) Turkey Bulgaria Macedonia Albania
  • 7. Greek geography • Greece is mountainous difficult to farm • Greek communities often times developed independently because of the mountains and difficult communicartions, thus they were diverse • As a result, they fought each other a lot.
  • 8. Landscape
  • 9. Landscape Rocky, montanious relief Sea Farming land Mediterranean vegetation (bushes)
  • 10. Greek Climate • Greece has a Mediterranean climate • Winters are mild and wet – allows for limited farming – grapes and olives • Summers are warm and dry – leads to drought – grapes and olives are one of the few plants that can survive the summer droughts
  • 11. Greek Climate The mild climate allowed Greeks to spend much of their time outdoors – assembling for meetings and – performing plays.
  • 12. Ancient Greek Culture Cut off by mountains and the seas • Isolated – Led to the formation of city-states – Limited interaction and unity of Ancient Greece – Created fierce rivalries • Sea became a vital link – Hundreds of bays to provide safe harbor for ships – Skilled sailors • Traded olive oil, wine, and marble • Returned with grains, metals, and ideas – Adapted the Phoenician alphabet – Became basis for all Western alphabets
  • 13. How did the Geography of Greece impact Ancient Greeks? • New type of political organization: democracy in the Poleis (city-states) • Great architecture • Skilled traders and sailors • Smart warriors and conquerors • Technology