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Agricultural Revolution
 

Agricultural Revolution

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  • Encourage brainstorm to produce definition before introducing this version. Discuss different types of revolution. <br />
  • Introduce the theme of change and revolution – draw out the pattern of the countryside into strips. Review Year 8 topic of French revolution and Napoleonic wars and how this affected food supplies <br />
  • Find pictures of the animals they bred – do they look healthy by today’s standards, what does it tell us about how they thought of their achievements that they had portraits painted. <br />

Agricultural Revolution Agricultural Revolution Presentation Transcript

  • Agricultural RevolutionAgricultural Revolution late 1600s- 1700slate 1600s- 1700s
  • What was farming like in 1700?
  • The open field system
  • Add these labels to your diagram • Large unfenced fields • Divided into narrow strips • Farmers had some good land and some poor land • 3 crop rotation • Animals grazed on common land • Villagers got wood from the forest • Nucleated village
  • What is a Revolution and how can you have a farming revolution? But what has that got to do with farming? A revolution is any fundamental change or reversal of conditions, a great and sometimes violent change or innovation
  • More people need more foodMore people need more food • In 1700 farms were still run on the medieval strip system • In the 18th century the population began to rise • So…Britain needed more food • New ideas and machinery were being developed 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 millions 1700 1720 1740 1760 1780 year Population
  • 1. Techniques: rotation New ideas……….New ideas……….
  • 2. Techniques: rotation
  • BEFORE AFTER 2. Technology
  • 3. Selective Breeding Some farmers concentrated on selective breeding. This meant only allowing the fittest and strongest of their cattle, sheep, pigs and horses to mate. You can tell how successful they were: In 1710 the average weight for cattle was 168 Kg 1795 - it was 363 Kg
  • • Farmers could not take advantage of all these new ideas in the open field system
  • So the open land was enclosedSo the open land was enclosed • The land was divided into separate farms and enclosed by hedges or walls
  • ENCLOSUREENCLOSURE
  • Add these labels to your diagram • Strips combined into fields • Field boundaries – hedges, walls, fences • Common land enclosed • No right to cut wood in the forest • Farmers had blocks of land and built a farm house near their fields
  • Was enclosure good for agriculture?Was enclosure good for agriculture? Compare the two maps Look at field shapes, where people lived, land improvement etc
  • Effects on one village Before enclosure After enclosure Area under cultivation 2800 km 2 4680 km2 Total crops grown 9360 kg 30,680 kg Sheep bred every year 200 1800
  • Enclosure: for better or for worse? Classify these statements into positive or negative effects of enclosure
  • But it wasn’t all good news In 1801 69% of the population of Britain lived in rural areas In 1881 it had declined to 32% •New machines meant less people were needed to work the land - so there was unemployment •Enclosure meant people lost land - this meant losing their homes as they had nowhere to grow food and there was little work- so they moved to towns.