Early Rome:the Monarchy Read page 44 in your book and complete the
statements:
• Rome began as a _______________ -this mea...
RRoommee’’ss ccoonnqquueesstt ooff tthhee MMeeddiitteerrrraanneeaann
 Read page 46 in your book and complete the statemen...
CCrriissiiss ooff tthhee RReeppuubblliicc
The Roman Republic faced some problems. Read page 47 and
complete the list:
- Th...
a. Label the statue of Augustus using the
statements below:
- a general’s cape, showing the military
power of the Emperor
...
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02 early rome activities 2013

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02 early rome activities 2013

  1. 1. Early Rome:the Monarchy Read page 44 in your book and complete the statements: • Rome began as a _______________ -this means it was ruled by a king • The king had _______________ power: justice, army and religion • Senate (formed by ___________________) helped in the government, but it was weaker than the king. • Monarchy ended in _______ BC when Romans revolted, threw out last of kings, setup new type of government: the ________________ . TThhee OOrriiggiinnss ooff RRoommee:: ffrroomm mmoonnaarrcchhyy ttoo rreeppuubblliicc Social groups in early Rome Read the green box on page 45 and complete the table using words related to these ideas: majority of the population - minority of the population – peasants - descendants of the founders of the city- no property – owned land- no political rights - owned livestock- traders - ruled the city – anyone who had arrived to the city after the foundation – artisans Patricians Plebeians or Plebs The Republic  Initially, only the patricians had political rights  Plebeians fought for equal rights and by the 4th century BC they participated in the government Study thediagramon the right and answer: a. Who were citizens? b. Whichgroupswere excludedfrompolitical life? c. What didthe assemblydo? d. Who wasin charge of the moneyof Rome? e.What was the functionof the Tribunes? f.What happenedwiththe Magistrateswhenthey retired?
  2. 2. RRoommee’’ss ccoonnqquueesstt ooff tthhee MMeeddiitteerrrraanneeaann  Read page 46 in your book and complete the statements: Rome conquered many territories using its wealth and large, disciplined and efficient army. The conquests can be divided into ____________ periods: - _________________ Rome conquered the Italian Peninsula - _________________ war with Carthage (______________ Wars) and control over Western Mediterranean - _________________ Romans conquered _______________ Mediterranean, Hispania, Gallia, Britannia and _______________ Europe  Sort out the consequences of the expansions and write them in the correct box: the privileged received most of the benefits (land and slaves) - new raw materials – peasants were ruined because they had to serve in the army – more land – more people – wars between generals who wanted more power Positive aspects Negative aspects  Study the picture of the Roman army and complete the labels; then, answer the questions:  Colour you map with the territories conquered during the Republic (264 to 60BC) (map on page 47) a. What made the expansionof Rome possible? b. What wasa legion? c. Why do youthinkthe camps were importantin the Roman expansion? d. Inwhichperioddidthe Romansconquerthe IberianPeninsula?
  3. 3. CCrriissiiss ooff tthhee RReeppuubblliicc The Roman Republic faced some problems. Read page 47 and complete the list: - The government was having some trouble to rule a large territory because …………………………………………………………………………………………. - There was a lot of social inequality: ……………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. this social inequality produced …………………………………………………….. ………………………because people were not happy with the situation. - Rome needed tax money to run the Republic and not everybody were willing to pay. - Members of the government were using their positions to get rich. - The crisis forced __________________ and the ______________ to give power to military leaders. These leaders began fighting each other, causing _____________ ______________. a. Why do youthinkJuliusCaesar became Governorof Spainin61BC? b. Give reasonswhySenatorPompey orderedJuliusCaesartoreturnto Rome. c. What were the consequencesof JC’s returnto Rome? d. Whywas JC killedin44BC? TThhee RRoommaann EEmmppiirree Read page 48 and complete the gaps: After Julius Caesar was ________, his adopted son ___________ defeated his rivals. The Senate gave him the name ___________ -which means “…………………………………………………………………” and he was made __________________ of Rome. Now, all civil and __________ powers were concentrated in the Emperor, making the old institutions of the Republic (like the ____________) only symbolic. The Emperor was able to choose all government officials. The Emperor also had ___________________ authority. When Augustus died, he became a __________. Completethe stardiagramwiththe powersof the Emperor Emperor
  4. 4. a. Label the statue of Augustus using the statements below: - a general’s cape, showing the military power of the Emperor - Cupid appears at Augustus’ feet because he claimed to be a descendent of the goddess Venus - The emperor appears as the head of the army commanding his troops - The emperor is barefoot because the gods are depicted barefoot - armour b. Find out where were emperors’ image was also depicted during the Roman Empire. c. Colour your map with the area where the Roman Empire expanded. d. These provinces of the Roman Empires are countries today. Can you find their names? Lusitania – Britannia – Aegyptus – Epirus - Gallia- Achaia – Dacia – Raetia e. What was the Pax Romana? When did it happen? f. Find out what Romanisation was. What elements did it include? g. How were the territories of the Empire organized? h. How was the Empire protected? i. Why do you think all people living in the Empire got the Roman Citizenship in 212AD? j. Explain the reasons why the Empire was in a crisis during the 3rd century AD k. Find out who were the Germanic peoples (you’ll need to check the internet)? Where were they from? How did Romans call the Germanic peoples? l. Why was the Empire divided in 395AD? m. Draw the line dividing the Roman Empire on your map. Add the information to the Key. n. Find out which cities became the capital cities of the new divided Roman Empire. o. Complete activity 2 on page 49 in your notebook, copying the statements in the correct order.

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