. Regular verbsinfinitive + -edAdd -ed with regular verbsSometimes there are exceptions in spelling when adding -ed.1) con...
Pronunciation of the ending -ed in the Simple PastIn the Simple Past we add -ed to regular verbs. Be careful pronuncing th...
Form of the Simple PastForm the Simple Past:- with regular verbs: infinitive + -ed- with irregular verbs: use the 2nd colu...
Simple Past - UseThe Simple Past is used to talk about actions or situations in the past. It is also calledPast Simple.Hav...
simple Past – TIME EXPRESSIONSThese words tell you what tense you have to use. For the Simple Past these areexpressions of...
Irregular verbs (most common)     infinitive    simple past   past participlebe                was/were       beenI am    ...
draw     drew     drawndrink    drank    drunkdrive    drove    driveneat      ate      eatenfall     fell     fallenfeed ...
hurt     hurt    hurtkeep     kept    keptknow     knew    knownlay      laid    laidlead     led     ledleave    left    ...
see      saw      seensell     sold     soldsend     sent     sentset      set      setshake    shook    shakensteal    st...
swim             swam           swumswing            swung          swungtake             took           takenteach       ...
learn   learnt   learntsmell   smelt    smeltspell   spelt    spelt
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

SIMPLE PAST

659

Published on

Explanation about simple past

Published in: Education, Technology, Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
659
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

SIMPLE PAST

  1. 1. . Regular verbsinfinitive + -edAdd -ed with regular verbsSometimes there are exceptions in spelling when adding -ed.1) consonant after short, stressed vowel at the end of the wordDouble the consonant.stop – stoppedswap - swappedIf the consonant is not stressed, we do not double it:benefit - benefited (Here we stress the first e, not the i.) In British English we double one-l at the end of the word:travel - travelled2) one -e at the end of the word add only d.love – lovedsave – saved3) verbs ending in -yverbs ending in y preceded by a vowel (a, e, i, o, u): Add -ed.Example:I play - he playedverbs ending in y preceded by a consonant: Change y to i Then add -ed.Example:I hurry - he hurried
  2. 2. Pronunciation of the ending -ed in the Simple PastIn the Simple Past we add -ed to regular verbs. Be careful pronuncing the verbs:1) verbs ending in -ed preceded by a voiceless consonant [p, k, f, ʃ , ʧ , s, θ]-> speak [t].The -e is silent. Example: I stop - I stopped [stɒ pt]2) verbs ending in -ed preceded by a voiced consonant [b, g, v, ʒ , ʤ , z, ð, l, m, n] or avowel-> speak [d].The -e is silent. Example: I clean - I cleaned [kli:nd]3) verbs ending in -ed preceded by [t] or [d]-> speak [ɪ d].The -e changes to [ɪ ]. Example: I visit - I visited [vɪ zɪ tɪ d]
  3. 3. Form of the Simple PastForm the Simple Past:- with regular verbs: infinitive + -ed- with irregular verbs: use the 2nd column of the table of the irregular verbsAffirmative sentences:Use the same form of the verb every time regardless the subject. regular verbs irregular verbsI played football. I went to the supermarket.Negative sentences:Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of do) every time regardless the subject. regular verbs irregular verbsI did not play football. I did not go to the supermarket.NOTE: Short forms in negative sentences in the Simple Past are used quite often. regular verbs irregular verbsI didnt play football. I didnt go to the supermarket.Questions:Use the auxiliary did (Simple Past of do) every time regardless the subject. regular verbs irreguDid you play football? Did I go to the superm
  4. 4. Simple Past - UseThe Simple Past is used to talk about actions or situations in the past. It is also calledPast Simple.Have a look at the following examples:1) action started and finished in the past (single or repeated)I visited Berlin last week.Andrew watched TV yesterday.2) series of completed actions in the pastFirst I got up, then I had breakfast.
  5. 5. simple Past – TIME EXPRESSIONSThese words tell you what tense you have to use. For the Simple Past these areexpressions of time in the past.yesterdayyesterday morning/ afternoon/ evening/last Sunday /last week / weekend/ month/ year/a month ago / a year ago / three months ago /in 2002
  6. 6. Irregular verbs (most common) infinitive simple past past participlebe was/were beenI am I was I have beenhe is he was he has beenwe are we were we have beenbeat beat beatenbecome became becomebegin began begunbet* bet betblow blew blownbreak broke brokenbring brought broughtbuild built builtburst burst burstbuy bought boughtcatch caught caughtchoose chose chosencome came comecost cost costcut cut cutdeal dealt dealtdo did done
  7. 7. draw drew drawndrink drank drunkdrive drove driveneat ate eatenfall fell fallenfeed fed fedfeel felt feltfight fought foughtfind found foundfly flew flownforget forgot forgottenfreeze froze frozenget got got, gotten (AE)give gave givengo went gonegrow grew grownhang hung hunghave had hadhear heard heardhide hid hiddenhit hit hithold held held
  8. 8. hurt hurt hurtkeep kept keptknow knew knownlay laid laidlead led ledleave left leftlend lent lentlet let letlie lay lainlight* lit litlose lost lostmake made mademean meant meantmeet met metpay paid paidput put putread read readride rode riddenring rang rungrise rose risenrun ran runsay said said
  9. 9. see saw seensell sold soldsend sent sentset set setshake shook shakensteal stole stolenshine shone shoneshoot shot shotshow* showed shownshut shut shutsing sang sungsink sank sunksit sat satsleep slept sleptslide slid slidspeak spoke spokenspend spent spentspring sprang sprungstand stood stoodstick stuck stuckswear swore swornsweep swept swept
  10. 10. swim swam swumswing swung swungtake took takenteach taught taughttear tore torntell told toldthink thought thoughtthrow threw thrownunderstand understood understoodwake* woke wokenwear wore wornweave wove wovenwin won wonwrite wrote written* regular form (+ -ed) also possible.The trend, in English, and especially in American English, is to standardize the irregularverbs. We do not foresee all the irregular verbs ever being standardized, but some of themore minor variations in less commonly used words will probably disappear in the nextgenration or two.The following English irregular verbs are now obsolete and use the standard past andparticiple forms (-ed). infinitive simple past past participleburn burnt burntdream dreamt dreamt
  11. 11. learn learnt learntsmell smelt smeltspell spelt spelt

×