Design Brief - Multi-Faith Centre

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ADB006 - ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN 6
semester 2, 2007
Multi-Faith Centre - Design Brief

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Design Brief - Multi-Faith Centre

  1. 1. QUT MULTI-FAITH CENTRE DESIGN BRIEF
  2. 2. USER GROUPS: who ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::: mutual understanding between people of different faiths and The future Multi-Faith Centre will promote beliefs and its purpose is intended to build respect between people as fellow human beings. Centre shall support the spiritual well-being of students, staff and everyone else, and promote a The sense of calmness. ::: CHRISTIAN ::: INDIGENOUS ABORIGINAL Main message is to Love the way Jesus loved . The aboriginal culture devotes itself to attaining knowledge of the environment and landscape of Australia. For the aboriginal people, knowledge is attained through a lifetime of studying the land. An aboriginal elder is revered for his years of living, as well as his insight into the spirit of the land. This RITUALS: Among many Christian religions, the act of communal prayer is the deepest way that the reverence supports the core beliefs that many indigenous religions hold: respect for the elders and religious communities define themselves. Christians pray communally on Sunday morning. In all Christian their wisdom. prayer services, men and women pray together. However, the rituals vary between different Christian groups, The PROTESTANT SERVICE consists of hymn singing, communal prayers and readings from the Bible; The RITUALS: Sacred songs (associated with rituals and rites of passage. Through these songs, worshippers ask the CATHOLIC MASS, hymn singing, readings from the bible, penitential rituals, homilies, and the share of bread and wine; GREEK ORTHODOX followers usually have Bible readings and lit incense; and MORMONS have Bible gods, or the spirits, to listen to their pleas for rain, crops, and other elements needed for survival.) readings, hymn singing and share bread and water ::: BAHÁ'Í ::: JEWISH Bahá’ís believe they should gain release from the cycle of rebirth and merge with the eternal Divine, Jews believe in obeying to God’s commandments. thus escaping an inhospitable world. RITUALS: Morning prayers (shaharif) and afternoon prayers (minha). RITUALS: Puja (prayer/ sermon). Flowers placed around the statue of the god, in the centre of the Additional prayers (musaf) are held on Friday and Saturday nights. temple. Incense lit. Reciting of prayers and holy food (Prasad) served to worshippers. No need for Jews face Jerusalem when they pray, unless the ark with the Torah in it in the synagogue faces a different communal gathering though, they can have their rituals individually. direction. In that case, the community faces the ark and not Jerusalem ::: MUSLIM ::: BUDDHIST Muslims believe that one should submit to the will of Allah. The main message of Buddhism consists of gaining enlightenment and, in that way, free oneself from the sufferings that come from illusions and attachments to life. RITUALS: 5 daily prayers facing Mecca, water purification and removal of shoes before the prayers, RITUALS: Silent meditations and/or sermons by Buddhist monks. Chanting. Offering of food and Qur’an recitations. Men and women must pray in separate areas gifts placed at the foot of the Buddha statue. Incense lit. RELIGION ORIGINS AND HISTORY GOD(S) AND UNIVERSE LIFE PURPOSE descendants of the 1st known human inhabitants of Australasia Ancestor Beings harmony with the land ABORIGINAL founded by Bahaullah, 1863, Tehran, Iran One God, although not defined develop spirituality and get closer to God BAH’AI founded by Siddharta Gautama in c. 520 BC, NE India Varies: from atheistic to polytheistic gain enlightenment and release from cycle of rebirth BUDDHIST founded by Jesus Christ in c. 30 AD, Israel God (Jehovah, Elohim, Lord God) “salvation is through faith in Christ” CHRISTIAN the religion of the Hebrews (c. 1300 BC) God (Yahweh) obey God's commandments JEWISH founded by Muhammad, 622 AD, Saudi Arabia God (Allah) submit oneself to the will of Allah MUSLIM ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DESIGN BRIEF : 002 :::
  3. 3. USER GROUPS: when ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::: HOLIDAY & CELEBRATION KEY DATES FOR 2007 ABORIGINAL BAH’AI BUDDHIST CHRISTIAN JEWISH MUSLIM ABORIGINAL FESTIVITIES: PRAYER DAY -Ritual ceremonies involving special sacred sites, song cycles accompanied by dance, and body painting, and even sports, invoke these mythic and living beings and any day ABORIGINAL continue to provide the means to access the spiritual powers of The Dreaming BAH’AI BUDDHIST any day but preferably-> CHRISTIAN BAHA’I FESTIVITIES / HOLY DAYS: JEWISH -Ritual ceremonies involving special sacred sites, song cycles accompanied by dance, and body painting, and even sports, invoke these mythic and living beings and MUSLIM continue to provide the means to access the spiritual powers of The Dreaming BUDDHIST FESTIVITIES / HOLY DAYS: -NEW YEAR: 3 days from the first moon day in April -BUDDHA DAY: 1st moon day in May -SHANGA DAY: on the full moon day of the 8th lunar month (approximately July) -ANAPANASATI DAY: on the full moon day of the end of the 4th month of retreat PRAYER TIME -PLOUGHING FESTIVAL: when the moon is half-full in May ABORIGINAL anytime -ANCESTOR DAY: from the 1st to the 15th day of the 8th lunar month BAH’AI anytime -KUAN YIN BIRTHDAY: on the full moon day in March 3 times a day BUDDHIST anytime CHRISTIAN CHRISTIAN FESTIVITIES / HOLY DAYS: JEWISH MUSLIM -CHRISTMAS: 25th December -LENT: the 40 days of preparation and penance which begins on Ash Wednesday and concludes at sundown on Holy (Easter) Saturday -EASTER: It begins with Good Friday, which solemnly commemorates Jesus' crucifixion, and continues until Easter Sunday which celebrates the resurrection of Jesus JEWISH FESTIVITIES / HOLY DAYS: -PASSOVER: it begins on the 14th day of the Nisan month and lasts 8 days -ROSH HASHANAH (JEWISH NEW YEAR): the 1st and 2nd day of the 7th Hebrew month -YOM KIPPUR: -SHAVUOT, SUKKOT, HANUKKAH, PURIM, ... MUSLIM FESTIVITIES / HOLY DAYS: -Islam has relatively few holidays compared to most other religions. Traditionally, Muslims celebrate just two major festivals ('Id Al-Fitr and 'Id Al-Adha), a month of daytime fasting (Ramadan), and a day of voluntary fasting (”Ashura”, also an important Shiite festival). ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DESIGN BRIEF : 003 :::
  4. 4. RELATIONSHIPS with the natural elements ::::::::::::::::::::::: ::: religious ELEMENTS requirements ABORIGINAL BAH’AI BUDDHIST = WATER water elements purification space purification cleanness quietness = FIRE fire elements sun emotion light enlightenment WATER FIRE EARTH AIR warmth = EARTH outdoors nature physicality materials nature = AIR breezes open spaces spirituality communication CHRISTIAN JEWISH MUSLIM ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DESIGN BRIEF : 004 :::
  5. 5. RELATIONSHIPS with the 5 senses ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::: ABORIGINAL SIGHT symbolism /prayer directions BUDDHIST HEARING communal prayer / teachings MUSLIM TASTE food offerings / communal meals CHRISTIAN SMELL incense / flowers TOUCH BAHÁ'Í interaction while praying JEWISH ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DESIGN BRIEF : 005 :::
  6. 6. RELATIONSHIPS bubble diagrams/zoning diagrams ::::::::::::::::: ::: ENTRANCE/FOYER OFFICE TOILETS PURIFYING STUDYING SOCIALISING MEDITATING PRAYING STORAGE COOKING EATING MAIN ACTIVITY SECONDARY ACTIVITY SERVICES CIRCULATION ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DESIGN BRIEF : 006 :::
  7. 7. RELATIONSHIPS bubble diagrams/zoning diagrams ::::::::::::::::: ::: ADJACENCY / SIZE / FUNCTION ADJACENCY / SIZE / ACCOUSTICS OFFICE OFFICE TOILETS TOILETS EATING EATING ENTRANCE ENTRANCE SOCIALISING SOCIALISING STUDYING STUDYING COOKING COOKING PURIFYING PURIFYING MEDITATING MEDITATING larger size spaces high noise level PRAYING PRAYING medium size spaces medium noise level smaller size spaces low noise level circulation CIRCULATION ACCOUSTICS OFFICE TOILETS EATING ENTRANCE SOCIALISING STUDYING COOKING PURIFYING MEDITATING high noise level PRAYING medium noise level low noise level TOILETS STUDYING OFFICE EATING SOCIALISING TOILETS LARGER SMALLER NOISE SILENCE ENTRANCE PURIFYING MEDITATING PURIFYING PRAYING COOKING COOKING PRAYING STUDYING MEDITATING OFFICE EATING ENTRANCE SOCIALISING ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DESIGN BRIEF : 007 :::
  8. 8. RELATIONSHIPS possibilities / indoors - outdoors :::::::::::::::::::: ::: N CONNECTION POSSIBILITIES INDOOR/OUTDOOR POSSIBILITIES E W S PRAYING PRAYING STORAGE STORAGE STORAGE STORAGE COOKING COOKING PURIFYING PURIFYING MEDITATING EATING EATING SOCIALISING MEDITATING SOCIALISING ENTRANCE STUDYING ENTRANCE STUDYING OFFICETOILETS ess acc TOILETS ss OFFICE cce a main connections / Spaces possibly relationships sharing a between space connection with and its function. indoors and -Social areas are outdoors use are linked together; represented by PRAYING PRAYING -Prayer/Study thicker lines in areas are linked this diagram STORAGE STORAGE STORAGE STORAGE together; COOKING COOKING -Service areas are PURIFYING linked together, PURIFYING MEDITATING EATING EATING except when not SOCIALISING MEDITATING SOCIALISING possible (storage) ENTRANCE STUDYING ENTRANCE STUDYING OFFICETOILETS TOILETS OFFICE ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DESIGN BRIEF : 008 :::
  9. 9. RELATIONSHIPS possibilities / site relations :::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::: N E W S Social/community areas can benefit from QUT major access street, as its location could stimulate people to PRAYING come into the Centre during major The meditation STORAGE gatherings / festivals area should relate STORAGE to the nature, COOKING PURIFYING therefore situated MEDITATING The entrance / foyer in this area it will EATING can benefit from privilege from the SOCIALISING QUT’s main access views / contact street with nature ENTRANCE STUDYING Office / Administration TOILETS OFFICE services should be According to located as close to Islam, toilets the main access as should face the possible in order to opposite direction simplify the of Mecca, as to “journey” (people not offend the coming into the prophet. Centre for information) ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DESIGN BRIEF : 009 :::
  10. 10. WORLD MAP praying directions ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::: N ABORIGINAL E W Towards any objects of which they believe that it has a strong spiritual power or energy S BAH’AI Facing the direction of the shrine of Bahá'u'lláh (Israel) BUDDHIST Facing the direction of the shrine in the temple CHRISTIAN Praying towards the East is a tradition but its not imposed TRUE NORTH JEWISH Jerusalem (Israel) Facing Jerusalem, although its possible to just face the ark where the Torah is kept. Mecca MUSLIM Must face Mecca when praying. Brisbane ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DESIGN BRIEF : 010 :::
  11. 11. SITE ANALYSIS context :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::: N Brisbane has a humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and dry, mild winters. From late Spring through to early Autumn, thunderstorms are common over the greater E W Brisbane area, with the more severe events accompanied by large damaging hail stones, torrential rain and destructive winds. S PRIORITY PRINCIPLES FOR THE SUBTROPICAL DESIGN Nature is highly present in urban development -The natural environment is to be integrated within the development of the built environment High percentage of open space -Private, semi-private, and public open space is to be an important integral component, allowing access to the natural environment, and enabling an outdoor based lifestyle. Create an open and permeable built environment -Design to allow for the penetration of breezes, the presence and intrusion of nature, and a sense of breezes PRIORITIES access Create an open and permeable built environment Vernacular character Complement vernacular through design Respect topography views Built environment integrated with nature Balance building heights and vegetation Green walls and rooftop gardens Design for water proposed site Preserve visual delight ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: DESIGN BRIEF : 011 :::
  12. 12. ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN 6 ::: ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ADB006 2007/2 ::: :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: SILENCE : PRAYER : PEACE : REFLECTION : COMFORT : SHELTER : MIND : BODY : SOUL : SACRED : SPIRITUAL ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: HAN SUNG KIOU N5136067 ::: :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: MARIA MADALENA FILIPE SIMOES N5352525 :::

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