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Share of Biomass in Total Energy Consumption in 2007
Bioenergy http://www.repp.org/bioenergy/link1.htm Carbon market/trading Biomass market Roundwoods, fuelwoods, chipps, wood residue……. Mkt of wood products and wood waste……. Municipal waste …. Market of Agri-biomass energy Energy market ….
Categorization of bioenergy Fuel crops Agricultural by-products Animal by-products Agro industrial by-products Municipal by-products AGRI ENERGY Direct fuel woods Indirect fuel woods Recovered fuel woods Solid : fuel wood (wood in the rough, chips, saw dust, pallets), charcoal Liquid : black liquor, methanol, Pyrolitic oil, Biodiesel, Gas : products from gasification and pyrolysis gases of above fuels Production, Supply Common groups User side, demand with examples MUNICIPAL BY-PRODUCTS WOOD ENERGY Solid : straw, stalks, husks, bagasse, charcoal from agricrops Liquid : ethanol, raw vegetable oil, oil diester, methanol, pyrolitic oil Gas : biogas, producer gas, pyrolisis gases from agro fuels Solid : municipal solid waste (MSW) Liquid : sewage, pyrolysis of MSW Gas: landfill gas, sludge gas Source: FAO 2004
Bioenergy application routs and market CONVERSION RESOURCE PRODUCT MARKET Solid biomass (wood, straw) Wet biomass (organic waste, manure) Starch plants (sugar, cereals) Oil crops (rap seed, sunflower) Combustion Gasification Pyrolysis Digestion Hydrolysis + Fomentation Extraction + Esterification Heat Fuel gas Biodesel Bio oil Biogas Bioethanol Heat/CHP Chemicals Transportation fuel Electricity …….market exists any stages of this application route …..
Heat plant Heat plant Heat & Power plant Where forest energy can be used ? Large and medium scale use Combined heat and power (CHP) production. District heating Heat source of industrial processes Heat source of offices, hospitals, hotels etc. Read more about district heating: http://www.iea-dhc.org http:// www.euroheat.org
Where forest energy can be used ? Small scale use Farms etc. Detached houses As an accompanied heat source with oil or electricity producing ”warm feelings” Power plant