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4 season gardening
 

4 season gardening

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This is the power point presentation that I gave on July 28th at Red Bird Mission Beverly, KY for the GROW Appalachia program.

This is the power point presentation that I gave on July 28th at Red Bird Mission Beverly, KY for the GROW Appalachia program.

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  • I am not an expert but I have been researching 4 season gardening.
  • Online plan, choosing your seeds, estimating costs, and vegetable diary for free.

4 season gardening 4 season gardening Presentation Transcript

  • 4-Season Gardening
    Enjoying the garden after a summer’s harvest!
    By: Magan Meade
  • An Experiment
    Four Season is going to be a new experiment for everyone because no one can tell how a certain plant is going to react under certain conditions.
    For beginners: the trick is to sow your seeds every two weeks and to use a variety of the same plant throughout the growing season.
  • Review of Gardening Basics
    Do not work the soil when wet, causes soil to lose texture
    Do not plant related vegetables together (crops in the same family)
    Create a plan. Can refer to packet, “One Garden Plot: Three Garden Seasons” for planting dates and refer to Farmer’s Almanac for frost dates
    Lexington frost dates: April 15, October 25
    Igrowveg.com to get free templates and information
    Remember to keep the soil moist and not wet. Water in the mornings(even in cold frames and plastic rows).
    Plant at middle or top of hill
    Harden off plants if transplanting outside
  • Methods to Prolong the Seasons
    Burlap
    Shade Cloth- curtain sheers
    Cold Frames
    Greenhouses
    Mulch (use after May 1st for spring crops)
    Sheets/Covers
    Plastic containers (milk jugs, 2-liter containers)
    Be inventive!
    Polyethylene (plastic) row covers with wires or sugar cane for support. (tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers in the summer)
  • Mulch
    3 to 4 inches deep
    Use a light mulch when you need the soil to cool down and prevent weeds such as (straw or paper shreddings)
    Use a dark mulch to heat the soil
    Examples of mulch; grass clippings, straw, leaves, newspaper
  • Plastic Row Covers
    Poles 3 to 5 feet apart
    Bury the edges on nights when frost is predicted
    Ventilation through perforations or slits (5 inches long, ¾ inch apart
    Put a thermometer in the tunnels to monitor temperature.
  • Easy Cold Frame Video
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v6bWeYCV53A&feature=relmfu
  • Cold Frames Boxes
    Construction:
    Can add onto to a raised bed or construct from scratch, many different models
    Hay bales, scrap wood, bricks, concrete blocks
    Find old storm windows
    Maintenance:
    It is important to provide ventilation during day and to close up at night
    Prop up with stick, a notched prop, or buy a frame that automatically opens on its own
  • Other methods
    Burlap (upper left), cloches (bottom left), and 2-liter bottle (right-side)
    Can also use; milk jugs, cookie jar, pots and pans, etc.
  • Spring Plants
    Cover crops such as wheat and snow peas (this will maintain the soil)
    Late winter to late spring crops
    Start your spring gardens in the cold frame boxes, indoors, or in a greenhouse
    Grown at 50 to 65 degrees Farrenheit
    Can drape burlap or sheets to shade spring/ fall crops during hot summer days
  • Snow Peas
  • Chinese Cabbage
  • Lettuce, radishes, and onions
  • Brocoli
    Cauliflower
  • Collard Greens
  • Kohlrabi
  • Kale
    Escarole
    /Endive
  • Summer Plants
    If starting summer plants early, can use burlap or other fabric to keep summer plants warm during cool spring nights
    Plants need the ground to be warm in order to begin and extend growth
    Can extend summer crops by successive planting and planting varieties
    Can grow fall/winter crops in the summer if shaded. (netting) Use caution with winter crops in summer
  • Summer Crops
  • Fall Plants
    Extend the growing season by sowing seeds every two weeks throughout the summer, experiment to see how long each crop lasts
    Should also consult seed package
    Take bulb plants indoors to save over the winter to pop up in the spring
    Can extend summer crops into the fall by covering up during frosts
  • Green Beans, Bush
  • Brussel Sprouts
  • Radishes
  • Turnips Greens
    Sweet Corn
  • Winter Plants
    Learn and love to eat greens!
    Mache- staple crop of the winter
    Dandelion, lettuce, onion, spinach
    Plant growth slows down or stops but can still be harvested (cuttings). Use successive planting.
    Use winter greens in a nutritious shake, has more vitamins than broccoli.
    Put on sandwich, in soups, pasta, create salads, on a pizza, etc…
  • Mache
    Mache
  • Carrots and Beets
  • Swiss Chard
  • Argula
  • Chicory Greens
  • Claytonia
  • Dandelion
  • Escarole/Endive
  • Mizuna
  • Parsley
  • Tatsoi
  • Fall and Winter Consumption
  • Winter and Spring Consumption
  • KY Perennial Herbs
    Anise-Hyssop
    Garlic Chives- treats infection
    Wormwood- digestion
    Purple Cone Flower
    Hyssop
    Lavender- pain relief
    Mint
    Beebalm
    Oregano-help digestion
    Rue
    Sage- treats menopause (tea)
    Thyme- ear, nose, and throat
    Can start or keep indoors
    Make into herbal teas over the cold fall, spring, and winter.
  • Resources
    Kentucky Cane
    Plastic tarp
    Scrap Wire
    Storm windows
    Scrap wood
    Sheets (to drape or tie)
    PVC pipe
    Newspaper
    Leaves
  • Recipes
    Handout
    Search the name of the crop in images or google, click the picture and bring up recipe.
  • Benefits to a 4 Season Garden
    The vitamins and nutrition contained in winter crops are well worth it.
    It’s self-rewarding.
    When economic times are hard, you have another food source.
    It’s fun to have a garden in the winter while no one else does.
    Better taste in different seasons (crisp carrots in fall planting)
    Saves transportation in winter months
    Less chemicals in your food
  • Remember….
    This is an experiment
    Try to figure out what works and when… can start out with a one or two plants for late gardening.
    Sign up sheet
    Facebook page http://www.facebook.com/pages/Red-Bird-Mission-GROW-Appalachia/237711932907941
    Blog: http://growappalachia.blogspot.com/
  • References
    Coleman, E. (1999). Four-season harvest. White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing Company.
    University of Kentucky College of Agriculture , Cooperative Extension Service. (2011). Home vegetable gardening in kentucky (ID-128). Lexington, KY: http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/id/id128/id128.pdf
    Damerow, Gail. (1994). 14 ways to extend your gardening season. Mother Earth News, June/July94(144), 58-63.
    Epler, M.B. (2008, September 16). How to grow a four-season garden- part i and ii. Retrieved from http://1greengeneration.elementsintime.com/?p=292
  • Questions?