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4 season gardening


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This is the power point presentation that I gave on July 28th at Red Bird Mission Beverly, KY for the GROW Appalachia program.

This is the power point presentation that I gave on July 28th at Red Bird Mission Beverly, KY for the GROW Appalachia program.

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  • I am not an expert but I have been researching 4 season gardening.
  • Online plan, choosing your seeds, estimating costs, and vegetable diary for free.
  • Transcript

    • 1. 4-Season Gardening
      Enjoying the garden after a summer’s harvest!
      By: Magan Meade
    • 2. An Experiment
      Four Season is going to be a new experiment for everyone because no one can tell how a certain plant is going to react under certain conditions.
      For beginners: the trick is to sow your seeds every two weeks and to use a variety of the same plant throughout the growing season.
    • 3. Review of Gardening Basics
      Do not work the soil when wet, causes soil to lose texture
      Do not plant related vegetables together (crops in the same family)
      Create a plan. Can refer to packet, “One Garden Plot: Three Garden Seasons” for planting dates and refer to Farmer’s Almanac for frost dates
      Lexington frost dates: April 15, October 25 to get free templates and information
      Remember to keep the soil moist and not wet. Water in the mornings(even in cold frames and plastic rows).
      Plant at middle or top of hill
      Harden off plants if transplanting outside
    • 4. Methods to Prolong the Seasons
      Shade Cloth- curtain sheers
      Cold Frames
      Mulch (use after May 1st for spring crops)
      Plastic containers (milk jugs, 2-liter containers)
      Be inventive!
      Polyethylene (plastic) row covers with wires or sugar cane for support. (tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers in the summer)
    • 5. Mulch
      3 to 4 inches deep
      Use a light mulch when you need the soil to cool down and prevent weeds such as (straw or paper shreddings)
      Use a dark mulch to heat the soil
      Examples of mulch; grass clippings, straw, leaves, newspaper
    • 6. Plastic Row Covers
      Poles 3 to 5 feet apart
      Bury the edges on nights when frost is predicted
      Ventilation through perforations or slits (5 inches long, ¾ inch apart
      Put a thermometer in the tunnels to monitor temperature.
    • 7.
    • 8.
    • 9.
    • 10. Easy Cold Frame Video
    • 11. Cold Frames Boxes
      Can add onto to a raised bed or construct from scratch, many different models
      Hay bales, scrap wood, bricks, concrete blocks
      Find old storm windows
      It is important to provide ventilation during day and to close up at night
      Prop up with stick, a notched prop, or buy a frame that automatically opens on its own
    • 12.
    • 13.
    • 14.
    • 15.
    • 16. Other methods
      Burlap (upper left), cloches (bottom left), and 2-liter bottle (right-side)
      Can also use; milk jugs, cookie jar, pots and pans, etc.
    • 17. Spring Plants
      Cover crops such as wheat and snow peas (this will maintain the soil)
      Late winter to late spring crops
      Start your spring gardens in the cold frame boxes, indoors, or in a greenhouse
      Grown at 50 to 65 degrees Farrenheit
      Can drape burlap or sheets to shade spring/ fall crops during hot summer days
    • 18. Snow Peas
    • 19. Chinese Cabbage
    • 20. Lettuce, radishes, and onions
    • 21. Brocoli
    • 22. Collard Greens
    • 23. Kohlrabi
    • 24. Kale
    • 25. Summer Plants
      If starting summer plants early, can use burlap or other fabric to keep summer plants warm during cool spring nights
      Plants need the ground to be warm in order to begin and extend growth
      Can extend summer crops by successive planting and planting varieties
      Can grow fall/winter crops in the summer if shaded. (netting) Use caution with winter crops in summer
    • 26. Summer Crops
    • 27. Fall Plants
      Extend the growing season by sowing seeds every two weeks throughout the summer, experiment to see how long each crop lasts
      Should also consult seed package
      Take bulb plants indoors to save over the winter to pop up in the spring
      Can extend summer crops into the fall by covering up during frosts
    • 28. Green Beans, Bush
    • 29. Brussel Sprouts
    • 30. Radishes
    • 31. Turnips Greens
      Sweet Corn
    • 32. Winter Plants
      Learn and love to eat greens!
      Mache- staple crop of the winter
      Dandelion, lettuce, onion, spinach
      Plant growth slows down or stops but can still be harvested (cuttings). Use successive planting.
      Use winter greens in a nutritious shake, has more vitamins than broccoli.
      Put on sandwich, in soups, pasta, create salads, on a pizza, etc…
    • 33. Mache
    • 34. Carrots and Beets
    • 35. Swiss Chard
    • 36. Argula
    • 37. Chicory Greens
    • 38. Claytonia
    • 39. Dandelion
    • 40. Escarole/Endive
    • 41. Mizuna
    • 42. Parsley
    • 43. Tatsoi
    • 44. Fall and Winter Consumption
    • 45. Winter and Spring Consumption
    • 46.
    • 47. KY Perennial Herbs
      Garlic Chives- treats infection
      Wormwood- digestion
      Purple Cone Flower
      Lavender- pain relief
      Oregano-help digestion
      Sage- treats menopause (tea)
      Thyme- ear, nose, and throat
      Can start or keep indoors
      Make into herbal teas over the cold fall, spring, and winter.
    • 48. Resources
      Kentucky Cane
      Plastic tarp
      Scrap Wire
      Storm windows
      Scrap wood
      Sheets (to drape or tie)
      PVC pipe
    • 49. Recipes
      Search the name of the crop in images or google, click the picture and bring up recipe.
    • 50. Benefits to a 4 Season Garden
      The vitamins and nutrition contained in winter crops are well worth it.
      It’s self-rewarding.
      When economic times are hard, you have another food source.
      It’s fun to have a garden in the winter while no one else does.
      Better taste in different seasons (crisp carrots in fall planting)
      Saves transportation in winter months
      Less chemicals in your food
    • 51. Remember….
      This is an experiment
      Try to figure out what works and when… can start out with a one or two plants for late gardening.
      Sign up sheet
      Facebook page
    • 52. References
      Coleman, E. (1999). Four-season harvest. White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing Company.
      University of Kentucky College of Agriculture , Cooperative Extension Service. (2011). Home vegetable gardening in kentucky (ID-128). Lexington, KY:
      Damerow, Gail. (1994). 14 ways to extend your gardening season. Mother Earth News, June/July94(144), 58-63.
      Epler, M.B. (2008, September 16). How to grow a four-season garden- part i and ii. Retrieved from
    • 53. Questions?