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Transcript of "4 season gardening"
4-Season Gardening<br />Enjoying the garden after a summer’s harvest!<br />By: Magan Meade<br />
An Experiment<br />Four Season is going to be a new experiment for everyone because no one can tell how a certain plant is going to react under certain conditions. <br />For beginners: the trick is to sow your seeds every two weeks and to use a variety of the same plant throughout the growing season.<br />
Review of Gardening Basics<br />Do not work the soil when wet, causes soil to lose texture<br />Do not plant related vegetables together (crops in the same family)<br />Create a plan. Can refer to packet, “One Garden Plot: Three Garden Seasons” for planting dates and refer to Farmer’s Almanac for frost dates<br />Lexington frost dates: April 15, October 25<br />Igrowveg.com to get free templates and information<br />Remember to keep the soil moist and not wet. Water in the mornings(even in cold frames and plastic rows).<br />Plant at middle or top of hill<br />Harden off plants if transplanting outside<br />
Methods to Prolong the Seasons<br />Burlap<br />Shade Cloth- curtain sheers<br />Cold Frames<br />Greenhouses<br />Mulch (use after May 1st for spring crops)<br />Sheets/Covers<br />Plastic containers (milk jugs, 2-liter containers)<br />Be inventive!<br />Polyethylene (plastic) row covers with wires or sugar cane for support. (tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers in the summer) <br />
Mulch<br />3 to 4 inches deep<br />Use a light mulch when you need the soil to cool down and prevent weeds such as (straw or paper shreddings)<br />Use a dark mulch to heat the soil<br />Examples of mulch; grass clippings, straw, leaves, newspaper<br />
Plastic Row Covers<br />Poles 3 to 5 feet apart<br />Bury the edges on nights when frost is predicted<br />Ventilation through perforations or slits (5 inches long, ¾ inch apart<br />Put a thermometer in the tunnels to monitor temperature.<br />
Cold Frames Boxes<br />Construction:<br />Can add onto to a raised bed or construct from scratch, many different models<br />Hay bales, scrap wood, bricks, concrete blocks<br />Find old storm windows<br />Maintenance:<br />It is important to provide ventilation during day and to close up at night<br />Prop up with stick, a notched prop, or buy a frame that automatically opens on its own<br />
Other methods<br />Burlap (upper left), cloches (bottom left), and 2-liter bottle (right-side)<br />Can also use; milk jugs, cookie jar, pots and pans, etc.<br />
Spring Plants<br />Cover crops such as wheat and snow peas (this will maintain the soil)<br />Late winter to late spring crops<br />Start your spring gardens in the cold frame boxes, indoors, or in a greenhouse<br />Grown at 50 to 65 degrees Farrenheit<br />Can drape burlap or sheets to shade spring/ fall crops during hot summer days<br />
Summer Plants<br />If starting summer plants early, can use burlap or other fabric to keep summer plants warm during cool spring nights<br />Plants need the ground to be warm in order to begin and extend growth<br />Can extend summer crops by successive planting and planting varieties<br />Can grow fall/winter crops in the summer if shaded. (netting) Use caution with winter crops in summer<br />
Fall Plants<br />Extend the growing season by sowing seeds every two weeks throughout the summer, experiment to see how long each crop lasts<br />Should also consult seed package<br />Take bulb plants indoors to save over the winter to pop up in the spring<br />Can extend summer crops into the fall by covering up during frosts<br />
Winter Plants<br />Learn and love to eat greens!<br />Mache- staple crop of the winter<br />Dandelion, lettuce, onion, spinach<br />Plant growth slows down or stops but can still be harvested (cuttings). Use successive planting.<br />Use winter greens in a nutritious shake, has more vitamins than broccoli.<br />Put on sandwich, in soups, pasta, create salads, on a pizza, etc…<br />
Recipes<br />Handout <br />Search the name of the crop in images or google, click the picture and bring up recipe.<br />
Benefits to a 4 Season Garden<br />The vitamins and nutrition contained in winter crops are well worth it.<br />It’s self-rewarding.<br />When economic times are hard, you have another food source.<br />It’s fun to have a garden in the winter while no one else does.<br />Better taste in different seasons (crisp carrots in fall planting)<br />Saves transportation in winter months<br />Less chemicals in your food<br />
Remember….<br />This is an experiment<br />Try to figure out what works and when… can start out with a one or two plants for late gardening.<br />Sign up sheet<br />Facebook page http://www.facebook.com/pages/Red-Bird-Mission-GROW-Appalachia/237711932907941<br />Blog: http://growappalachia.blogspot.com/<br />
References<br />Coleman, E. (1999). Four-season harvest. White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing Company.<br />University of Kentucky College of Agriculture , Cooperative Extension Service. (2011). Home vegetable gardening in kentucky (ID-128). Lexington, KY: http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/id/id128/id128.pdf<br />Damerow, Gail. (1994). 14 ways to extend your gardening season. Mother Earth News, June/July94(144), 58-63. <br />Epler, M.B. (2008, September 16). How to grow a four-season garden- part i and ii. Retrieved from http://1greengeneration.elementsintime.com/?p=292 <br />