4-Season Gardening<br />Enjoying the garden after a summer’s harvest!<br />By:  Magan Meade<br />
An Experiment<br />Four Season is going to be a new experiment for everyone because no one can tell how a certain plant is...
Review of Gardening Basics<br />Do not work the soil when wet, causes soil to lose texture<br />Do not plant related veget...
Methods to Prolong the Seasons<br />Burlap<br />Shade Cloth- curtain sheers<br />Cold Frames<br />Greenhouses<br />Mulch (...
Mulch<br />3 to 4 inches deep<br />Use a light mulch when you need the soil to cool down and prevent weeds such as (straw ...
Plastic Row Covers<br />Poles 3 to 5 feet apart<br />Bury the edges on nights when frost is predicted<br />Ventilation thr...
Easy Cold Frame Video<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v6bWeYCV53A&feature=relmfu<br />
Cold Frames Boxes<br />Construction:<br />Can add onto to a raised bed or construct from scratch, many different models<br...
Other methods<br />Burlap (upper left), cloches (bottom left), and 2-liter bottle (right-side)<br />Can also use; milk jug...
Spring Plants<br />Cover crops such as wheat and snow peas (this will maintain the soil)<br />Late winter to late spring c...
Snow Peas<br />
Chinese Cabbage<br />
Lettuce, radishes, and onions<br />
Brocoli<br /> Cauliflower<br />
Collard Greens<br />
Kohlrabi<br />
Kale<br />Escarole<br />/Endive<br />
Summer Plants<br />If starting summer plants early, can use burlap or other fabric to keep summer plants warm during cool ...
Summer Crops<br />
Fall Plants<br />Extend the growing season by sowing seeds every two weeks throughout the summer, experiment to see how lo...
Green Beans, Bush<br />
Brussel Sprouts<br />
Radishes<br />
	Turnips Greens<br />Sweet Corn<br />
Winter Plants<br />Learn and love to eat greens!<br />Mache- staple crop of the winter<br />Dandelion, lettuce, onion, spi...
Mache<br />Mache<br />
Carrots and Beets<br />
Swiss Chard<br />
Argula<br />
Chicory Greens<br />
Claytonia<br />
Dandelion<br />
Escarole/Endive<br />
Mizuna<br />
Parsley<br />
Tatsoi<br />
Fall and Winter Consumption<br />
Winter and Spring Consumption<br />
KY Perennial Herbs<br />Anise-Hyssop<br />Garlic Chives- treats infection<br />Wormwood- digestion<br />Purple Cone Flower...
Resources<br />Kentucky Cane<br />Plastic tarp<br />Scrap Wire<br />Storm windows<br />Scrap wood<br />Sheets (to drape or...
Recipes<br />Handout <br />Search the name of the crop in images or google, click the picture and bring up recipe.<br />
Benefits to a 4 Season Garden<br />The vitamins and nutrition contained in winter crops are well worth it.<br />It’s self-...
Remember….<br />This is an experiment<br />Try to figure out what works and when… can start out with a one or two plants f...
References<br />Coleman, E. (1999). Four-season harvest. White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing Company.<...
Questions?<br />
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4 season gardening

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This is the power point presentation that I gave on July 28th at Red Bird Mission Beverly, KY for the GROW Appalachia program.

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  • I am not an expert but I have been researching 4 season gardening.
  • Online plan, choosing your seeds, estimating costs, and vegetable diary for free.
  • 4 season gardening

    1. 1. 4-Season Gardening<br />Enjoying the garden after a summer’s harvest!<br />By: Magan Meade<br />
    2. 2. An Experiment<br />Four Season is going to be a new experiment for everyone because no one can tell how a certain plant is going to react under certain conditions. <br />For beginners: the trick is to sow your seeds every two weeks and to use a variety of the same plant throughout the growing season.<br />
    3. 3. Review of Gardening Basics<br />Do not work the soil when wet, causes soil to lose texture<br />Do not plant related vegetables together (crops in the same family)<br />Create a plan. Can refer to packet, “One Garden Plot: Three Garden Seasons” for planting dates and refer to Farmer’s Almanac for frost dates<br />Lexington frost dates: April 15, October 25<br />Igrowveg.com to get free templates and information<br />Remember to keep the soil moist and not wet. Water in the mornings(even in cold frames and plastic rows).<br />Plant at middle or top of hill<br />Harden off plants if transplanting outside<br />
    4. 4. Methods to Prolong the Seasons<br />Burlap<br />Shade Cloth- curtain sheers<br />Cold Frames<br />Greenhouses<br />Mulch (use after May 1st for spring crops)<br />Sheets/Covers<br />Plastic containers (milk jugs, 2-liter containers)<br />Be inventive!<br />Polyethylene (plastic) row covers with wires or sugar cane for support. (tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers in the summer) <br />
    5. 5. Mulch<br />3 to 4 inches deep<br />Use a light mulch when you need the soil to cool down and prevent weeds such as (straw or paper shreddings)<br />Use a dark mulch to heat the soil<br />Examples of mulch; grass clippings, straw, leaves, newspaper<br />
    6. 6. Plastic Row Covers<br />Poles 3 to 5 feet apart<br />Bury the edges on nights when frost is predicted<br />Ventilation through perforations or slits (5 inches long, ¾ inch apart<br />Put a thermometer in the tunnels to monitor temperature.<br />
    7. 7.
    8. 8.
    9. 9.
    10. 10. Easy Cold Frame Video<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v6bWeYCV53A&feature=relmfu<br />
    11. 11. Cold Frames Boxes<br />Construction:<br />Can add onto to a raised bed or construct from scratch, many different models<br />Hay bales, scrap wood, bricks, concrete blocks<br />Find old storm windows<br />Maintenance:<br />It is important to provide ventilation during day and to close up at night<br />Prop up with stick, a notched prop, or buy a frame that automatically opens on its own<br />
    12. 12.
    13. 13.
    14. 14.
    15. 15.
    16. 16. Other methods<br />Burlap (upper left), cloches (bottom left), and 2-liter bottle (right-side)<br />Can also use; milk jugs, cookie jar, pots and pans, etc.<br />
    17. 17. Spring Plants<br />Cover crops such as wheat and snow peas (this will maintain the soil)<br />Late winter to late spring crops<br />Start your spring gardens in the cold frame boxes, indoors, or in a greenhouse<br />Grown at 50 to 65 degrees Farrenheit<br />Can drape burlap or sheets to shade spring/ fall crops during hot summer days<br />
    18. 18. Snow Peas<br />
    19. 19. Chinese Cabbage<br />
    20. 20. Lettuce, radishes, and onions<br />
    21. 21. Brocoli<br /> Cauliflower<br />
    22. 22. Collard Greens<br />
    23. 23. Kohlrabi<br />
    24. 24. Kale<br />Escarole<br />/Endive<br />
    25. 25. Summer Plants<br />If starting summer plants early, can use burlap or other fabric to keep summer plants warm during cool spring nights<br />Plants need the ground to be warm in order to begin and extend growth<br />Can extend summer crops by successive planting and planting varieties<br />Can grow fall/winter crops in the summer if shaded. (netting) Use caution with winter crops in summer<br />
    26. 26. Summer Crops<br />
    27. 27. Fall Plants<br />Extend the growing season by sowing seeds every two weeks throughout the summer, experiment to see how long each crop lasts<br />Should also consult seed package<br />Take bulb plants indoors to save over the winter to pop up in the spring<br />Can extend summer crops into the fall by covering up during frosts<br />
    28. 28. Green Beans, Bush<br />
    29. 29. Brussel Sprouts<br />
    30. 30. Radishes<br />
    31. 31. Turnips Greens<br />Sweet Corn<br />
    32. 32. Winter Plants<br />Learn and love to eat greens!<br />Mache- staple crop of the winter<br />Dandelion, lettuce, onion, spinach<br />Plant growth slows down or stops but can still be harvested (cuttings). Use successive planting.<br />Use winter greens in a nutritious shake, has more vitamins than broccoli.<br />Put on sandwich, in soups, pasta, create salads, on a pizza, etc…<br />
    33. 33. Mache<br />Mache<br />
    34. 34. Carrots and Beets<br />
    35. 35. Swiss Chard<br />
    36. 36. Argula<br />
    37. 37. Chicory Greens<br />
    38. 38. Claytonia<br />
    39. 39. Dandelion<br />
    40. 40. Escarole/Endive<br />
    41. 41. Mizuna<br />
    42. 42. Parsley<br />
    43. 43. Tatsoi<br />
    44. 44. Fall and Winter Consumption<br />
    45. 45. Winter and Spring Consumption<br />
    46. 46.
    47. 47. KY Perennial Herbs<br />Anise-Hyssop<br />Garlic Chives- treats infection<br />Wormwood- digestion<br />Purple Cone Flower<br />Hyssop<br />Lavender- pain relief<br />Mint<br />Beebalm<br />Oregano-help digestion<br />Rue <br />Sage- treats menopause (tea)<br />Thyme- ear, nose, and throat<br />Can start or keep indoors<br />Make into herbal teas over the cold fall, spring, and winter.<br />
    48. 48. Resources<br />Kentucky Cane<br />Plastic tarp<br />Scrap Wire<br />Storm windows<br />Scrap wood<br />Sheets (to drape or tie)<br />PVC pipe<br />Newspaper<br />Leaves<br />
    49. 49. Recipes<br />Handout <br />Search the name of the crop in images or google, click the picture and bring up recipe.<br />
    50. 50. Benefits to a 4 Season Garden<br />The vitamins and nutrition contained in winter crops are well worth it.<br />It’s self-rewarding.<br />When economic times are hard, you have another food source.<br />It’s fun to have a garden in the winter while no one else does.<br />Better taste in different seasons (crisp carrots in fall planting)<br />Saves transportation in winter months<br />Less chemicals in your food<br />
    51. 51. Remember….<br />This is an experiment<br />Try to figure out what works and when… can start out with a one or two plants for late gardening.<br />Sign up sheet<br />Facebook page http://www.facebook.com/pages/Red-Bird-Mission-GROW-Appalachia/237711932907941<br />Blog: http://growappalachia.blogspot.com/<br />
    52. 52. References<br />Coleman, E. (1999). Four-season harvest. White River Junction, Vermont: Chelsea Green Publishing Company.<br />University of Kentucky College of Agriculture , Cooperative Extension Service. (2011). Home vegetable gardening in kentucky (ID-128). Lexington, KY: http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/id/id128/id128.pdf<br />Damerow, Gail. (1994). 14 ways to extend your gardening season. Mother Earth News, June/July94(144), 58-63. <br />Epler, M.B. (2008, September 16). How to grow a four-season garden- part i and ii. Retrieved from http://1greengeneration.elementsintime.com/?p=292 <br />
    53. 53. Questions?<br />
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