Universidad Central Del Ecuador ESCUELA DE IDIOMAS SIMPLE PAST MAGALY TAPIA
We use the past simple for : -Actions that started and were completed at a speciftime in the past.-Habitual actions in the past.-Completed actions that happened one after the otherin the past.
Formation of the Past Simple of regular and irregular verbsRegular verbs ExamplesMost regular verbs: add-ed Started finished Worked wanted stayedRegular verbs ending in –e : add - d Lived hatedRegular verbs ending in consonant + y: Studiedy- i and add –ed. marriedRegulars verbs ending in consonant + stoppedvowel + consonant :Double the last consonant .
FORMATION OF THE PAST SIMPLEOF IRREGULAR VERBS Irregular verbs dont take – ed in the past simple . come came go went see saw teach taughtTHERE ARE NO RULES FOR IRREGULAR VERBS.
Past simple of the verb beI/ HE / SHE / IT WASYOU/ WE/ THEY WERE
UNIT 19 “I HAVE DONE AND I DID” We use the present perfect for an action in the past with a result now.They visit Paris. They´re visiting Paris. They´ve visited Paris.
PRESENT PERFECTAFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES I YOU HAVE Verb in past C HE participle SHE HAS IT YOU THEY I have lost my passport. We have bought a new television.
NEGATIVE SENTENCES IYOU HE HAVE NOT Verb in past SHE C (haven´t/ hasn´t) participle IT HASYOUTHEY He has not (hasn´t) washed his car. Tomas and Lisa have not(haven´t) gone out.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS I HAVE YOU HE Verb in past HAS SHE IT participle ? YOU THEY Have you taken your medicine? Yes, I have. / No, I haven´t. Where has Mathew gone? He has gone to London.
PRESENT PERFECT VS SIMPLE PASTThe use of Simple Past and Present Perfect is quite strict. As soon as a time expression in the past is given, you have to use Simple Past. If there are no signal words, you must decide if we just talk about an action in the past or if its consequence in the present is important, and you have to use Present Perfect.
The Simple Past is used to talk about an action or a situation or an event that happens in the past and is completely finished in the past and dated I lived in France for ten years. (Simple Past, action finished because now I live in Ecuador. The Present Perfect its used for an event that take place in the past but is still in progress in the present or have an effect on the present.I have eaten all the cake. (It is one action in the past, and the result is there is no more cake, so Present Perfect).
SIMPLE PAST EMPHASIS ON ACTIONI BOUGHT A NEW BIKE. (JUST TELLING WHAT I DID INTHE PAST.)PRESENT PERFECT EMPHASIS ON RESULTI HAVE BOUGHT A NEW BIKE. (WITH THIS SENTENCE IACTUALLY WANT TO EXPRESS THAT I HAVE A NEW BIKENOW.)
PRESENTE PERFECTWith yet, already, ever, before, always, the superlativeand only.Useyet at the end of questions to ask about recentexperiences.Have you seen the Great Wall yet?Has she tried Korean food yet?Use already in affirmative statements and yet in negativestatementsI`ve already tried sushi, but I haven`t tried Indian food yet.
Use ever and before in questions to ask about someone’s life experiences. Has Helen ever been to London? Have you eaten tacos before? I’ve always wanted to see the Pyramids. King Lion is the best movie I’ve ever seen. My brother has only seen it once.
EXERCISES PRESENT PERFECTPut the verbs into the correct form (present perfect).1.I (not / work) today.2.We (buy) a new lamp.3.We (not / plan) our holidayyet.4.Where (be / you) ?5.He (write) five letters.