b) The city during el Baroque Period (17-18 th C) In the Baroque Period there is a radical change in the way we understand a city. The spirit of the “state-city” which had underlay in the medieval city and the Renaissance, disappears to give way to the capital city of the State . The spaces of the city will be subordinated to the political power. The political power will use the urban architecture to create a scenery which remarks its power. The architects will use a new approach of perspectives and distribution of spaces much more scenic and less related to the human scale. Examples of cities with alterations and baroque works: Madrid Rome Paris Vienna Valladolid Mexico Lima
The most important feature of the French Baroque Period is its court nature .
The main artists work for the kings.
The typical building is the palace composed of a long section and two wings leading to the garden, drawing a set square.
Opposite to what happened in Italy, the fronts don’t face the street but the garden.
The gardens of the palaces will be as important as the palace itself. The gardens of the French palaces will be more elaborated than the Italian palaces.
The French palace creates a room for all the public acts of the king and the nobles.
The biggest example is the Palace of Versalles (1661-1715…)
Luis XIV (The Sun King) ordered the construction of the Château de Versalles. Luis XIII had had a mansion for hunting in this town but Luis XIV wanted a big palace because he wanted to move the whole court of nobles there. This plan required a big construction . The king ordered this mammoth work to Lui Le Vau (he was in charge of the design of the palace) and André Le Nôtre (in charge of the gardens). Portrait of Luis XIV ( The Sun King )
It is organized in three floors: domestic service (ground floor), main halls (noble floor) and crown private chambers (upstairs). The little windows in the upper floor make the front lighter. In some parts of the façade, the wall is decorated with columns which move forward towards the spectator bringing out its volumes the play of light and shadow. Front of the Versalles Palace