7. Joan Miró 7.1. Joan Miró: biographic data and his influence on Fauvismo
“ What I am looking for... is an immobile movement, something which would be the equivalent of what is called the eloquence of silence, or what San Juan de la Cruz, I think it was, described with the term 'mute music'.”
Self-Portrait. 1917. Oil on canvas. 61 x 50. Private collection.
The Farmer. c. 1912-14. Oil on canvas. 65 x 50 cm. Private collection.
Still Life with Rose. 1916. Oil on cardboard. 77 x 74 cm. Private collection.
Paul Cézanne. Still Life with Apples and Oranges. c. 1895-1900. Oil on canvas.
Henri Matisse. Harmony in Red. 1908. Oil on canvas
Vincent van Gogh . The Starry Night. Saint-Rémy. June 1889. Oil on canvas.
Romanesque catalan painting
Portrait of E.C. Ricart. 1917. Oil and color print on canvas. 81 x 65 cm. Private collection.
Vincent van Gogh . Portrait of Père Tanguy. 1887. Oil on canvas.
Portrait of Hiberto Casany. (The Chauffeur). 1918. Oil on canvas. 70 x 62 cm. Private collection.
Prades, the Village. 1917. Oil on canvas. 65 x 72.5 cm. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY, USA.
Ciurana, the Path. 1917. Oil on canvas. 60 x 73 cm. Private collection.
North-South. 1917. oil on canvas. 62 x 70 cm. Private collection.
The Vegetable Garden with Donkey. 1918. Oil on canvas. 64 x 70 cm. Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden.
The Wagon Tracks. 1918. Oil on canvas. 75 x 75 cm. Private collection.
Self-Portrait. 1919. Oil on canvas. 75 x 60 cm. Musée Picasso, Paris, France .
The Table (Still Life with Rabbit). 1920. Oil on canvas. 130 x 110 cm. Private collection.
7.2. Miró - from Paris to New York “ My characters have undergone the same process of simplification as the colors. Now that they have been simplified, they appear more human and alive than if they had been represented in all their details ”
Standing Nude. 1921. Oil on canvas. 130 x 96 cm. Perls Galleries. New York, NY, USA.
The Farm. 1921/22. Oil on canvas. 132 x 147 cm. The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, USA.
The Farmer's Wife. 1922/23. Oil on canvas. 81 x 65 cm. Private collection.
The Tilled Field. 1923/24. Oil on canvas. 66 x 92.7 cm. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY, USA.
Codex Biblicus Legionensis , Spain 960 Sant Climent de Teull. David and Goliat (detail)
CIRCLE OF THE MASTER OF PEDRET Apse of Santa Maria d’Aneu End of 11th century – beginning of 12th century
Ideogram : (from Greek ἰδέα idea "idea" + γράφω grafo "to write") Graphic symbol that represents an idea or concept 木 ×2 = 林 l í n 木 ×3 = 森 sēn 人 + 木 = 休 xiū two trees -> grove three trees -> forest a man leaning against a tree -> rest
Catalan Landscape (The Hunter). 1923/24. Oil on canvas. 64.8 x 100.3 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY
Harlequin's Carnival. 1924-25. Oil on canvas. 66 x 93 cm. Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY, USA.
EL REI CARNESTOLTES
LA VELLA QUARESMA
Pieter Bruegel the Elder. The Fight between Carnival and Lent. 1559. Oil on panel. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria
Head of a catalan peasant , 1925 Head of a catalan peasant , 1924
Maternity. Oil on canvas. 92 x 73 cm. 1924. Private collection.
The Birth of the World 1925 Oil on canvas
Red on Orange . Mark Rothko. Colección Beyeler 1968 oil on canvas
Antoni Tàpies Grey and Black Cross. No. XXVI 1955
Jackson Pollock. Number 1A, 1948 .1948. Oil and enamel paint on canvas
Photo: This is the Color of My Dreams. Oil on canvas. 96 x 130 cm. 1925. Private collection.
Stars in Snails' Sexes. Oil on canvas. 130 x 97 cm. 1925. Private collection.
Dancer. 1925. Oil on canvas. 115.5 x 88.5 cm. Galerie Rosengart, Lucerne, Switzerland.
Siesta. 1925. Oil on canvas. 113 x 144 cm. Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Bathing Woman. 1925. Oil on canvas. 73 x 92 cm. Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.
Person Throwing a Stone at a Bird. 1926. Oil on canvas. 73.7 x 92 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
Man playing the lute - Hendrick Martensz Sorgh 1661
Dutch Interior I. 1928. Oil on canvas. 91.8 x 73 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
The dancing lesson of the cat - Hendrick Martensz Sorgh 1661
Dutch Interior II. 1928. oil on canvas. 92 x 73 cm. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY, USA.
“ Painting or poetry is made as one makes love - a total embrace, prudence thrown to the winds, nothing held back “
7.3. Miró and his Majorcan Period: Between France and Spain. The murder of painting.
THE MURDER OF PAINTING - Cubism sentenced illusionistic art to the Death by the Fourth Dimension. - Dadaism was the first anti-art movement wich main objective was destroying art conventions and values. - Surrealism let the killer instinct run through dreams, libido and fantasy. That aimed Miró. He attacked painting….
Composition . Oil on canvas, plaster cast and coal. 1930
Men and woman . Oil on tabel and metalic elements, 1931
Swallow/Love. 1934. Oil on canvas. 199.3 x 247.6 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
Rope and People I. 1935. oil and rope on cardboard, stuck to a wooden board. 104.7 x 74.6 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
Composition . Oil, casein, sand and tar on masonite. 1936
Still Life with Old Shoe. 1937. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.
«Aidez l’Espagne» 1937
«El segador» 1937
Head . Pastel, gauche, ink, drawing on paper. 1937
Woman in front of the sun . (detail) Oil in canvas. 1938
Head of a woman . Oil in canvas. 1938
A Dew Drop Falling from a Bird's Wing Wakes Rosalie, who Has Been Asleep in the Shadow of a Spider's Web. 1939. Oil on canvas. 65.4 x 91.7 cm. The University of Iowa Museum of Art, The Mark Pamney Memorial Fund, Iowa, IA, USA.
The Escape Ladder. 1939. Oil on canvas. 73 x 54 cm. Private collection.
The Nightingale's Song at Midnight and the Morning Rain. 1940. Gouache and terpentine paint on paper. 38 x 46 cm. Perls Galleries. New York, NY, USA.
Constellation: The Morning Star. 1940. Gouache and terpentine paint on paper. 38 x 46 cm. Private collection.
The beatiful bird revealing the unknown to a pair of lovers . Gauche, oil wash and charcoal on paper 1941
Blue II. 1961. Oil on canvas. 270 x 355 cm. Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Blue III. 1961. Oil on canvas. 270 x 355 cm. Musée National d'Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.
The Lark's Wing, Encircled with Golden Blue, Rejoins the Heart of the Poppy Sleeping on a Diamond-Studded Meadow. 1967. Oil on canvas. 195 x 130 cm. Private collection.
The Gold of the Azure. 1967. oil on canvas. 205 x 173.5 cm. Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain
May 1968. 1973. Acrylic on canvas. 200 x 200 cm. Fundació Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain.
Joan Miró working in his workshop. As his grand son said during an intreview: « He got very angry If moved anything in his workshop. He remembered the place of every single thing »
You never finish a painting, you never strart a painting. A painting is like the wind, someting which is always walking without rest.
The Hope of the Man Condemned to Death I . 1974
The Hope of the Man Condemned to Death II . 1974
The Hope of the Man Condemned to Death III . 1974
1893 - Born 20 April - joan mir ó ferra - in Barcelona, into goldsmith/watchmaker family.
1907-1910 - Studies Art at La Escuela de la Lonja, Barcelona.
1912-1915 - Studies Art in private Academia Gal í . His family wish him to be a businessman/accountant - which he does study for a time, but relinquishes in favour of Art. During this early period, his works are influenced by C é zanne, and he experiments with Cubism and Fauvism.
Works include "Still Life with Rose", "Portrait of E C Ricart", "Portrait of V Nubiola", "Prades the Village", "Cuirana the Path".
1918 - Enters his "Detailistic Phase" or "Poetic Realism Phase", with methodically-painted works, eg "The Vegetable Garden with Donkey", "The Wagon Tracks".
1920 - First journey to Paris.
1921 - Settles in Paris.
1921-1922 - Produces "The Farm" - best of his "Poetic Realism Phase" - bought by Ernest Hemmingway.
1924 - Meets several members of Surrealist Group - including Picasso. His real life images are replaced by distorted, abstract shapes and he produces a number of surrealistic paintings, including "Harlequin's Carnival (1924-25).
Joan Miró: Chronology
1926 - Collaborates with Max Ernst on designs for the Russian Sergei Diaghilev.
1929 - Marries Pilar Juncosa in Palma de Mallorca.
1931 - Daughter - Dolores - is born.
1930s - By now, joan miro has developed his own, unique style - not adhering to any one in particular - experimenting with different materials and media.
1936-1940 - With the outbreak of Spanish Civil War, returns to Paris. One of his most important paintings of this period is "Still Life With Old Shoe".
1940 - Returns to Spain and starts a series of 23 gouaches Constellations.
1947 - Visits United States for the first time. Carries out a number of one-man shows, and realizes his dream about monumental art with murals. Has immense influence on post-war art in the States, achieves international recognition, with his works gaining in market value.
1956 - Thanks to success in the States, Joan Mir ó moves into his dream villa/studio in Palma de Mallorca.
1960-70s - Joan Mir ó becomes increasingly interested in sculpture.
1975 - Fundaci ó Joan Mir ó opens in Centre d'Estudis d'Art Contemporani, Barcelona.
1980 - Receives the Gold Medal of Fine Arts from King Juan Carlos of Spain.
1983 - Dies in Palma de Mallorca on 25 December, suffering from heart disease and respiratory problems.
1992 - Villa in Palma turned into Mir ó Museum and opened to the public.