Lluís Domènech i MontanerBarcelona 1850 - 1923Born in Barcelona on the 21st of December 1850,Lluís Domènech i Montaner showed his passionfor architecture since young.His work was essential to define Modernismo inarchitecture in Catalonia.His article “Searching for a nationalarchitecture", published in the magazine"La Renaixença", is about how to show anational identity in architecture .After his studies, he went to Prussia withanother architect, Josep Vilaseca.The German architecture and its geometricalstyle was a big influence to his work.
Main characteristicsRationality, from his admiration for the German architecture .Ornamentation inspired in Hispano-Arabic architecture .Use of curvy patterns typical of Modernismo.Decoration with: mosaic, sculptures and stained glass windows.Materials: ceramics, brick, iron, glass..His buildings evolve separately from Gaudí’s: they are increasinglylighter and not as solid as La Pedrera.
Pre-Modernist style Editorial Montaner i Simón . 1879
Modernismo: World Fair of 1888He got a lot of assignments thanks to a his friendship with Elies Rogent, head of The School ofArchitecture and the works in the fair. Picture of the International Hotel designed by Domech i Montaner
The Cafè-Restaurant of the fair was popularly known as The Castle of the Three Dragons” .
This building was finished after the fair and reused since 1891, as a History Museum, and as aZoology Museum since 1920.
The big projectsHOSPITAL DE SANT PAU I DE LA SANTA CREU (1905-10)Monumental setting which was originally designed to take nine blocks of the Eixample.This building substituted the Hospital de la Santa Creu in El Raval.
The origin of the project is the donation(4 million pesetas) the banker Pau Gil The initial project consisted on 48 pavilions but only 27 werehad given to build up a hospital which finally built.was fully equiped.
The main entrance is 45 degrees from the Eixample in direction to La Sagrada Familia. This orientation was to use the wind from the sea to air the hospital.Among all the pavilions, the administration one stands out.In a separated area there is the impressive church.The hospital was designed to separate men and women patients. On the right there are themen pavilions, with names of saints, and on the left, the women pavilions, with names ofwomen saints or virgins.
On the main facade there are 4 sculptures by Pablo Gargallo which represent the threevirtues: faith, hope and charity.
Sant Manuel pavilion
Palau de la música catalana (1908)It holds the Orfeó Català, which has had an important role in the defense of Catalan culturevalues since its foundation, by Lluís Millet and Amadeu Vives, in 1891.
Mataró 1867- Barcelona 1956 JosepPuig i CadafalchStill being a student, he joined the Centre EscolarCatalanista in 1887 and was part of the group of LaRenaixença (Renaissance), and started to work in hishome town.Later he moved to Barcelona, where he finished hisstudies in architecture in 1891.Besides his work as an architect, he developed animportant political career for Catalan nationalism.He also was an Art historian. He wrote a veryimportant book about Romanesque, "Larquitecturaromànica a Catalunya“, and many others.