4 reyes conjunto gótico y crecimiento hasta siglo xiii inglésPresentation Transcript
2.3. Barcelona with and without the Spanish monarchy. (13th-17th Century) Jaume I (1208-1276) Pere III, el Ceremoniós “the Ceremonious” (1319-1387) Martí l’Humà “ the Humane” (1356-1410) Fernando II de Aragón , Isabel I de Castilla (Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile) (1452-1516) Carlos II de España, El Hechizado (Charles II of Spain , The betwitch) (1661-1700)
At the area between the Old Castle and the acueduct the city started expanding during the 10th. That burg became a very urbanised area during the 11th. There are many important families living there. Because of them richness they were named «burgueses» in the 12th century. In the 12th century this burg had another expansion outside the city walls around Santa Maria del Mar. In the 12th century new streets were build and there was a growth of the number of artesian center. At the end of the 13th century the new burgs were included inside the town by means of the construction of a new city walls comisionated by Jaume I Around the west side from the new citywall there was a moat that recolected the rain water. That place was las Ramblas.
Comparative map. The new city walls finished at the 13th century (left). Las Ramblas (right).
Street ligth at Las Ramblas. Were designed and installed during the 19th century. Front gate from The Market of St. Josep, La Boquería Fountain located in Portaferrissa
La Catedral de Barcelona Façade from the Cathedral, 1880 Planta de la Catedral de Barcelona. La zona marcada con color rojo era la basílica paleocristiana. Neogothic façade without the crossing tower, 1900
The first stone was laid in 1298, but it wasn't completed until the 20th century with the construction of the dome (originally planned for the 15th century) and the main façade, the work of architect Josep Oriol Mestres with Mestre Carlí's design from 1408. The main altar was consecrated in 1338. The first mention we have of a cathedral in Barcelona dates back to the 4th century. The remains of the ecclesiastic complex from this period until the Moorish city (8th century) can be seen in the basement of the Museu d'Història de Barcelona (Barcelona History Museum), with a baptistery and a building that scholars believe to be the Bishop's Palace. Bernat Pelegrí (1288-1300) started on the construction of the Gothic building that has come down to us today.
View of the main nave and altar of Barcelona Cathedral.
Crypt for the relics of Santa Eulàlia, by Jaume Fabra. St Eulalia's crypt is located below the high altar and was built by Jaume Fabre when Ponç de Gualba (1303-34) was bishop. It houses the remains of Barcelona's patron saint, in a sarcophagus created by the Pisa sculptor Lupo di Francesco (1327).
In the Cathedral cloister, as well as a number of chapels, there is a fountain and a flock of 13 geese acting as guardians. There are 13 because this was how old Saint Eulàlia was when she was tortured. L’ou Com valla
Door into the Cathedral from the cloisters, one of the few remains of the old Roman cathedral. Stone sepulchral tablet in the Cathedral cloisters. View of Barcelona from the roof of the Cathedral.
Pulpit and organ from the Cathedral of Barcelona. Photos of a seat in the choir stall in Barcelona Cathedral. The first shows in detail the quality of the woodwork.
In the old Sala Capitular, which was converted into the Capella del Santíssim, there is the Christ of Lepanto, one of the images which the public have always expressed most devotion to.