The origins of the industry: the calicoesOne of the main arenas of industrialisation on the Iberian Peninsula was Catalonia,and Barcelona in particular, with its origins going back to the blossoming of the calicoindustry.The calico industry was the industry of printedcotton fabrics.Printed cotton fabrics had been introduced inEurope with great success at the end of the 17thcentury, and the royal decrees which forbade theimportation and use of foreign calicoes in Spainhelped form the initial nucleus of industrialisationin Barcelona in the 1730s.By the end of the 18th century, the calico businesswas growing spectacularly, making Barcelona one ofthe industrys main centres in Europe.
The Frist fabric factory steam power.In November 1833, the factory on Barcelonas Carrer dels Tallers, owned by JosepBonaplata, Joan Rull and Joan Vilaregut, introduced a tool that was to makehistory:the first industrial steam-powered machine in Catalonia and Spain.A few years later, in 1848, Joan Illas was to describe that memorable event as thebeginning of the Industrial Revolution in Spain. This factory was burned down in 1835. Bonaplata abandoned the project but a new metalworking company was created on the grounds where the old factory had stood.
Soil for the factories: new places of Barcelona.In 1846, the City Council published its prohibition on the opening of newfactories employing steam-powered machinery within the city walls. Municipalities on the Plain of Barcelona saw the multiplication of industry : In 1846 Today (Districts) Sant Martí de Provençals Sant Martí El Poblenou El Poblenou Gràcia Gràcia Sants Sants Les Corts Les Corts Sant Andreu de Palomar Sant Andreu
In subsequent years, Barcelona, which remained a walled city until the middle ofthe 1850s, experienced a spectacular industrial transformation of its urbanlandscape, especially in the Raval, Sant Pere, the Ribera and Barceloneta.
In the mid-nineteenth century the Muntadas brothers opened a textile mill called Espanya Industrial, alsoknown as Vapor Nou, literally "New Steam". The factory area was turned into a park of the same nameand officially opened by Pasqual Maragall in 1985.
Built in the 1860s according to Rafael Gustavinos designs, the factory on Carrer dUrgell was shut downin 1889. Since 1910 it has been the seat of the Universitat Industrial.View of the Batlló factory in 1914, when it was already occupied by the Escola Industrial.
Puig i Cadafalch. Casarramona Factory (today Caixafórum) 1909-1911
The factory chimneys of Poble-sec rivalled the Columbusstatue in height.View of Avinguda del Paral·lelin 1915.
On 20 April 1897, the process of unifying the towns on the Barcelona Plain asone municipality was finally fulfilled. This was a project that the Council of theCatalan capital had been working on for many years. 1897 1904 les Corts de Sarrià (Les Corts) Horta (Horta-Guinardó) Gràcia (Gràcia) Sant Andreu del Palomar (Sant Andreu) 1921 Sant Martí de Provençals (Sant Martí) Sants (Sants) Sarrià (Sarrià) Sant Gervasi de Cassoles (Sant Gervasi)