1 fundación barcino romana2 inglés


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  • 1 fundación barcino romana2 inglés

    1. 1. Fragment of frieze with masks Like in all Roman cities, Barcino had its necropolis outside the walls, along the main roads. Fragment of a Doric frieze with representation of tragic masks which belonged to a funeral monument from the 1stC a. C.
    2. 2. c. The walls Barcino had the shape of a long octagon, stemmed from the Roman military camps, but with angles cut out to adapt themselves to the soil height. The walls were less than 2 meters thick and more than 8 meters high. In the present Avinguda de la Catedral there was a big moat which was 6 meters deep and had an irregular width. It had a defense function and collected dirty and rain waters. The wall had 4 doors but there is only the decumanus left: The Praetorian gate: the present Portal del Bisbe The Decumanian gate: Regomir street. The cardo towers were knocked down but we know where they were: The Principalis Dextra gate: in the Jewish quarter o Call jueu. The Principalis Sinistra gate: in La Plaça de l’Àngel Each gate had 3 entrances: 1 central entrance: wider, for wheeled transportation 2 side entrances: smaller, for pedestrians. Most of the Roman walls were destroyed during the 19thC. Some parts were destroyed before.
    3. 3. Tower of the Praetorian Gate, now integrated in theCasa de l'Ardiaca. From the low Middle Ages to the present days the towers of the gate of the walls are part of El Palau del Bisbe and La Casa de L’Ardiaca. In the 90’s the Avinguda de la Catedral was remodeled. They wanted to give a monumental vision of the Roman origins of Barcelona. A monumental relief with the word Barcino was added. The letters were designed by Joan Brossa. Tower of the Praetorian Gate
    4. 4. Picture of the central arch of the Decumanian gate (Regomir St.) Centre Cívic Patí Llimona The Decumanian gate The main entrance of Barcino was connected to the port. This gate was like the organizing point for business and sea transport of goods. In 1984 la Casa Gualbes became a public space (El pati Llimona). The architect Ignasi Solà-Morales operated on the sector of the palace which had used part of the Roman walls. Thanks to this intervention we can see the Roman remains of the Decumanian gate at the subsoil of this space, even from the street.
    5. 5. Roman merchant ships like this took part in the intense traffic at the port that the colony of Barcino had in El Llobregat.
    6. 6. Two towers of the Roman wall of Barcelona integrated in the Palacio Requesens, headquarter of the Academia de Buenas Letras de Barcelona. Plaça de Ramon Berenguer This square was originally designed by Josep Puig i Cadafalch. They wanted to give a monumental view of the history of Catalonia. The stones at the bottom of the towers belong to a second wall built by the Romans, later in the 4thC. This second wall had 76 towers and turned the city into a place which was difficult to attack.
    7. 7. Interior of Roman wall tower Funerary buildings from previous centuries were taken down in the 4th century AD and their building materials reused for strengthening the walls. Hence the pieces of sculpture and fragments of architectural decoration that can be seen from this photograph, taken during excavation work inside the tower number 24 of the Roman wall.
    8. 8. Statue of Diana the huntress Sculpture of Diana the huntress from the 2nd century AD. It was used as a table support and was found during excavation work at tower number 8 in the Roman wall.
    9. 9. Model of the Temple of Augustus Model of the Roman temple in Barcino, based on the remains found where it was built (Centre Excursionista de Catalunya, Carrer del Paradís) in the 1st century AD. d. The Temple
    10. 10. The remains of the temple are located at El Centre Excursionista de Catalunya (Carrer del Paradís nº10) and it’s possible to visit it from 1905. The temple dedicated to Augustus was the Forum main building, was the center of the Barcino. The square was the center of the social, politic and economic life.
    11. 11. Headless female Roman statue Public spaces in Roman cities were decorated with statues and pedestals dedicated to the gods, the emperor or important figures in public life. This must have been the case with this 1st century, headless female statue, made of white marble and found in Carrer del Paradís.
    12. 12. Detail of the Circus Mosaic Although archaeology has not yet produced any remains, Barcino must have had buildings that held public shows, like a circus or a theatre. Detail of one of the judges of a chariot race on the Mosaic del Circ found in Barcelona in 1860. Once settled in the new colony, the war veterans forgot all about their problems and worries at the circus. Detail of the face on one of the charioteers on the Mosaic del Circ de Barcelona. f. Where did the inhabitants of Barcino used to have fun?
    13. 13. g. Domus and tabernae A domus is a building that was housed by rich patrician families . The lowest social classes lived at block of collective houses named insulae. These insulae were like our appartment buildings. The tabernae were shops, commercial stores where people used to eat, drink or buy a product or a service (bread, oil, wine, laundry..). Plano de los restos encontrados en el cruce de Carrer de la Fruita con Carrer Sant Honorat.
    14. 14. Inscription dedicated to Lucius Licinius Secundus There was a large colony of former slaves freed by their masters, lliberts, in Barcino. This marble inscription, from the beginning of the 2nd century AD, found in the Palau Comtal Menor in Barcelona, is dedicated to Lucius Licinius Secundus, llibert of Lucius Licinius Sura.
    15. 15. Glass urn Despite it being a small colony, Barcino's citizens did not want for anything, as shown by this 1st century AD glass urn found in Barcelona.