FINAL PRESENTATIONNeeds Analysis~ A Performance Problem in WritingUniversity of Colorado at Denver~ Mae Guerra
GAP ANALYSISThe ideal state at Place would be thatstudents would be proficient at writingessays that demonstrated propersentence structure, correct punctuation,and capitalization. The actual state atthis school is that students do notconsistently demonstrate these skillsbased on CSAP scores.More InfoMore Info
LEARNING PROBLEMPlace Middle School 7th grade studentsare failing to meet the requirements ofthe Colorado Model Content Standardsin writing.More InfoMore Info
MULTIPLE CAUSES1. Students lack organizational skills inwriting2. Basic grammar skills are below gradelevel3. Teachers are asked to teach at gradelevel with curriculum that does notsupport learner’s needs in grammar andpunctuationMore InfoMore Info
RECOMMENDATIONThe need is to improve student achievementin the area of writing and improve testscores. The recommended action is toteach students the six traits of writingmodel and how to use it in their writing.More InfoMore Info
LEARNING GOALSTo increase learner achievement in writingby meeting Colorado Model ContentStandards and by scoring proficient onthe Denver Public School’s Post-Benchmark Assessment.NextNext
LEARNING OBJECTIVES1. Given a PowerPoint lesson over the six traitsof writing, the learner will list all six traitsof quality writing.2. Given a PowerPoint lesson over the six traitsof writing, the learner will identify 3qualities of good writing from each of thesix traits.NextNext
INSTRUCTIONAL APPROACHA learner led interactive PowerPointlesson over the six traits of writingintended to help students gain a broadunderstanding of what is working well andwhat needs to be improved in theirwriting.NextNext
ASSESSMENT OF ACTIVITY• Learners will complete a quiz that coversthe learning objectives.• When completed the student will give thequiz back to the instructor.NextNext
DELIVERY SYSTEMThe teacher will guide the class throughan interactive PowerPoint presentation asthe students interact with the slides.NextNext
MEDIA NEEDSStudents will need a computer withthe downloaded lesson over the sixtraits of writing on their desktops.NextNext
• Is there enthusiasm and expressiveness?• Are you knowledgeable about the topic?• Does the piece hold the reader’sattention?• Does the text just repeat commonknowledge?
• Use striking words• Eliminate tired words• Words are specific• Find the word that is“just right.”
• Sounds soothing to the ear• A variety of sentence length and structure• Smooth transitions support fluency• Punctuate. Periods are a good thing!• Sentences are constructed in a way thathelps make meaning clear
• Correct use of capitalization, punctuation andspelling• Maintain verb tense and subject verb agreementthroughout composition• Use adverbs, appositives, clauses and phrasescorrectly• Use homophones and other vocabulary correctly
WHY IS WRITING IMPORTANT?“If people cannot write well, theycannot think well, and if they cannotthink well, others will do their thinkingfor them.”George Orwell
QUIZ QUESTIONS1. List all six traits.2. Identify 3 qualities of good writing fromeach of the six traits.Directions: On the last page found in your packet, answerthe above questions and turn into your teacher.For more information over the six traits click the buttons below:More InfoMore InfoAnswers toQuestion 1Answers toQuestion 1Answers toQuestion 2Answers toQuestion 2
ANSWERS TO QUESTION #11. Conventions2. Voice3. Sentence Fluency4. Ideas5. Organization6. Word Choice
ANSWERS TO QUESTION #21. Conventions – correct use of capitalization, spelling and verb tense2. Voice – knowledgeable about the topic, holds readers attention,contains enthusiasm3. Sentence Fluency – variety of sentence length, transitions supportfluency, punctuation is correct4. Ideas – reader friendly, demonstrates focus and purpose5. Organization – makes sense, easy to follow, conclusion is satisfying6. Word Choice – specific words are used, striking words or phrases
LEARNING PROBLEMPlace Middle School students score below grade level inthe following writing standards:•Standard 2: Students write and speak for a variety ofpurposes and audiences.•Standard 3: Students write and speak using conventionalgrammar, usage, sentence structure, punctuation,capitalization, and spelling.(CO Dept. of Education, 2005-2006)
GAP ANALYSIS AND LOCAL DATAIn 2005-2006, Place Middle School was rated "Low" by theColorado Department of Education for the middle schoollevel. The Colorado Student Assessment Program (CSAP)tests students skills in reading, writing and mathematicsin grades 3 through 10 and in science in grades 5, 8 and 10.On the CSAP 26% of 7th grade Place Middle Schoolstudents scored at or above proficient level on the writingportion of the CSAP assessment. The Federal No ChildLeft Behind states that Place Middle School did not makeadequate yearly progress in 2005-2006 and the stateDepartment of Education identified this school as "in needof improvement, Year 2" for 2006-2007. (CO Dept. ofEducation, 2005-2006)
MULTIPLE CAUSESOther factors that contribute to thelack of student success on test scoresconsist of the inconsistency of staff,student mobility, students arriving lateto class, lack of parent support, largeclass size and low staff morale.
DETERMINED NEEDAnother recommendation is to design acurriculum that addresses writingdeficiencies through the use of graphicorganizers, Daily Oral Language practicesessions, grammar lessons, PearsonKnowledge Technologies’ WriteToLearnonline instructional learning tool and theuse of the 6 traits of writing model.