FINAL PRESENTATIONNeeds Analysis~ A Performance Problem in WritingUniversity of Colorado at Denver~ Mae Guerra
GAP ANALYSISThe ideal state at Place would be thatstudents would be proficient at writingessays that demonstrated propersentence structure, correctpunctuation, and capitalization. Theactual state at this school is thatstudents do not consistentlydemonstrate these skills based onCSAP scores.More Info
LEARNING PROBLEMPlace Middle School 7th gradestudents are failing to meet therequirements of the Colorado ModelContent Standards in writing.More Info
MULTIPLE CAUSES1. Students lack organizational skills inwriting2. Basic grammar skills are below gradelevel3. Teachers are asked to teach atgrade level with curriculum that doesnot support learner’s needs ingrammar and punctuationMore Info
RECOMMENDATIONThe need is to improve student achievementin the area of writing and improve testscores. The recommended action is to teachstudents the six traits of writing model andhow to use it in their writing.More Info
LEARNING GOALSTo increase learner achievement inwriting by meeting Colorado ModelContent Standards and by scoringproficient on the Denver Public School’sPost-Benchmark Assessment.Next
LEARNING OBJECTIVES1. Given a PowerPoint lesson over the sixtraits of writing, the learner will list allsix traits of quality writing.2. Given a PowerPoint lesson over the sixtraits of writing, the learner will identify3 qualities of good writing from each ofthe six traits.Next
INSTRUCTIONAL APPROACHA learner led interactive PowerPointlesson over the six traits of writingintended to help students gain a broadunderstanding of what is working welland what needs to be improved in theirwriting.Next
ASSESSMENT OF ACTIVITY• Learners will complete a quiz thatcovers the learning objectives.• When completed the student will givethe quiz back to the instructor.Next
DELIVERY SYSTEMThe teacher will guide the class throughan interactive PowerPoint presentationas the students interact with theslides.Next
MEDIA NEEDSStudents will need a computer withthe downloaded lesson over the sixtraits of writing on their desktops.Next
THE SIX TRAITS OF WRITING
CLICK ON THE TRAITConventions VoiceSentenceFluencyIdeas &Content Organization Word ChoiceTake Quiz
• Ideas paint pictures in areader’s mind• Informational text becomesreader-friendly• Ideas demonstrate clarity,focus, sense of purpose
• Does it make sense?• Is the writing easy tofollow?• Are transitions smoothand appropriate?• Is the conclusionsatisfying?
• Is there enthusiasm and expressiveness?• Are you knowledgeable about the topic?• Does the piece hold the reader’sattention?• Does the text just repeat commonknowledge?
• Use striking words• Eliminate tired words• Words are specific• Find the word that is‘just right’
• Sounds soothing to the ear• A variety of sentence length and structure• Smooth transitions support fluency• Punctuate. Periods are a good thing!• Sentences are constructed in a way thathelps make meaning clear
• Correct use of capitalization, punctuation andspelling• Maintain verb tense and subject verb agreementthroughout composition• Use adverbs, appositives, clauses and phrasescorrectly• Use homophones and other vocabulary correctly
WHY IS WRITING IMPORTANT?“If people cannot write well, theycannot think well, and if theycannot think well, others will dotheir thinking for them.”George Orwell
SELF QUIZ QUESTIONS1. List all six traits.2. Identify 3 qualities of good writingfrom each of the six traits.Directions: On the last page found in your packet,answer the above questions and turn into your teacher.For more information over the six traits click the buttons below:More Info
ANSWERS TO QUESTION #11. Conventions2. Voice3. Sentence Fluency4. Ideas5. Organization6. Word Choice
ANSWERS TO QUESTION #21. Conventions –correct use of capitalization, spelling and verbtense2. Voice – knowledgeable about the topic, holds readersattention, contains enthusiasm3. Sentence Fluency –variety of sentence length, transitionssupport fluency, punctuate4. Ideas –reader friendly, demonstrates focus and purpose5. Organization – makes sense, easy to follow, conclusion issatisfying6. Word Choice – specific words are used, striking words orphrases
LINKS ABOUT THE SIX TRAITS:1. http://senior.billings.k12.mt.us/6traits/2. http://www.edina.k12.mn.us/concord/teacherlinks/sixtraits/stlinksstudents.htm3. http://www.geocities.com/ljacoby_2000/6traits.htmlTake Quiz
LEARNING PROBLEMPlace Middle School students score below gradelevel in the following writing standards:Standard 2: Students write and speak for a varietyof purposes and audiences.Standard 3: Students write and speak usingconventional grammar, usage, sentence structure,punctuation, capitalization, and spelling.(CO Dept. of Education, 2005-2006)
GAP ANALYSIS AND LOCAL DATAIn 2005-2006, Place Middle School was rated "Low" by theColorado Department of Education for the middle school level.The Colorado Student Assessment Program (CSAP) testsstudents skills in reading, writing and mathematics in grades 3through 10 and in science in grades 5, 8 and 10. On the CSAP26% of 7th grade Place Middle School students scored at orabove proficient level on the writing portion of the CSAPassessment. The Federal No Child Left Behind states that PlaceMiddle School did not make adequate yearly progress in 2005-2006 and the state Department of Education identified thisschool as "in need of improvement, Year 2" for 2006-2007. (CODept. of Education, 2005-2006)
MULTIPLE CAUSESOther factors that contribute to thelack of student success on test scoresconsist of the inconsistency of staff,student mobility, students arriving lateto class, lack of parent support, largeclass size and low staff morale.
DETERMINED NEEDAnother recommendation is to design acurriculum that addresses writingdeficiencies through the use of graphicorganizers, Daily Oral Language practicesessions, grammar lessons, PearsonKnowledge Technologies’ WriteToLearnonline instructional learning tool and theuse of the 6 traits of writing model.