Needs Analysis, A Writing Learning DeficitPresentation Transcript
Final PresentationNeeds Analysis, Place Middle SchoolPerformance Problem, WritingUniversity of Colorado at DenverMae Guerra
Learning ProblemThe problem is that Place Middle School7th grade students are failing to meetthe requirements of the Colorado ModelContent Standards in writing.More Info
Gap AnalysisThe ideal state at Place would be thatstudents would be proficient at writingessays that demonstrated propersentence structure, correct punctuation,and and capitalization. The actual stateat this school is that students do notconsistently demonstrate these skillsbased on CSAP scores.More Info
Multiple Causes1. Students lack organizational skills inwriting2. Basic grammar skills are below gradelevel3. Teachers are asked to teach at gradelevel with curriculum that does notsupport learner’s needs in grammar andpunctuationMore Info
Determined Need/RecommendationThe need is to improve studentachievement in the area of writing andimprove test scores. The recommendedaction is to teach students the six traitsof writing model and how to use it intheir writing.More Info
Learning GoalsTo increase learner achievement inwriting by meeting Colorado ModelContent Standards and by scoringproficient on the Denver Public School’sPost-Benchmark Assessment.Next
Learning Objectives1. Given a PowerPoint lesson over the sixtraits of writing, the learner will list allsix traits of quality writing.2. Given a PowerPoint lesson over the sixtraits of writing, the learner willidentify 3 qualities of good writingfrom each of the six traits.Next
Instructional ApproachA learner led interactive PowerPointlesson over the six traits of writingintended to help students gain a broadunderstanding of what is working welland what needs to be improved in theirwriting.Next
Assessment of ActivityLearners will complete a quiz thatcovers the learning objectives. Whencompleted the student will give the quizback to the instructor.Next
Delivery SystemThe teacher will guide the class throughan interactive PowerPoint presentationas the students interact with the slides.Next
Media NeedsStudents will need a computer with thedownloaded lesson over the six traits ofwriting on their desktops.Next
The Six Traits of Writing
The six traits include:Conventions Voice SentenceFluencyIdeas and ContentOrganization Word ChoiceClick on an area for a description of each traitTake Quiz
• Ideas paint pictures in areader’s mind• Informational textbecomes reader-friendly• Ideas demonstrateclarity, focus, sense ofpurpose
• Does it make sense?• Is the writing easyto follow?• Are transitionssmooth andappropriate?• Is the conclusionsatisfying?
• Is there enthusiasm andexpressiveness?• Are you knowledgeable about thetopic?• Does the piece hold the reader’sattention?• Does the text just repeat commonknowledge?
• Use striking words• Eliminate tiredwords• Words are specific• Find the word thatis ‘just right’
• Sounds soothing to the ear• A variety of sentence length and structure• Smooth transitions support fluency• Punctuate. Periods are a good thing!• Sentences are constructed in a way that helpsmake meaning clear
• Correct use of capitalization, punctuation andspelling• Maintain verb tense and subject verbagreement throughout composition• Use adverbs, appositives, clauses and phrasescorrectly• Use homophones and other vocabularycorrectly
Why is writing important?“If people cannot write well, theycannot think well, and if they cannotthink well, others will do theirthinking for them.”George Orwell
Self Quiz Questions1. List all six traits.2. Identify 3 qualities of good writing fromeach of the six traits.Directions: On the last page found in your packet,answer the above questions and turn into your teacher.For more information over the six traits click thebuttons below:More Info
Answers to Question #11. Conventions2. Voice3. Sentence Fluency4. Ideas5. Organization6. Word Choice
Answers to Question #21. Conventions –correct use of capitalization, spelling andverb tense2. Voice – knowledgeable about the topic, holds readersattention, contains enthusiasm3. Sentence Fluency –variety of sentence length,transitions support fluency, punctuate4. Ideas –reader friendly, demonstrates focus and purpose5. Organization – makes sense, easy to follow, conclusion issatisfying6. Word Choice – specific words are used, striking wordsor phrases
Links to learn more about the sixtraits:1. http://senior.billings.k12.mt.us/6traits/2. http://www.edina.k12.mn.us/concord/teacherlinks/sixtraits/stlinksstudents.htm3. http://www.geocities.com/ljacoby_2000/6traits.htmlTake Quiz
Learning ProblemPlace Middle School students score belowgrade level in the following writingstandards:Standard 2: Students write and speak for avariety of purposes and audiences.Standard 3: Students write and speak usingconventional grammar, usage, sentencestructure, punctuation, capitalization, andspelling.(CO Dept. of Education, 2005-2006)
Gap Analysis and Local DataIn 2005-2006, Place Middle School was rated "Low"by the Colorado Department of Education for themiddle school level. The Colorado StudentAssessment Program (CSAP) tests students skills inreading, writing and mathematics in grades 3through 10 and in science in grades 5, 8 and 10. Onthe CSAP 26% of 7th grade Place Middle Schoolstudents scored at or above proficient level on thewriting portion of the CSAP assessment. The FederalNo Child Left Behind states that Place Middle Schooldid not make adequate yearly progress in 2005-2006and the state Department of Education identifiedthis school as "in need of improvement, Year 2" for2006-2007. (CO Dept. of Education, 2005-2006)
Multiple CausesOther factors that contribute to thelack of student success on test scoresconsist of the inconsistency of staff,student mobility, students arriving lateto class, lack of parent support, largeclass size and low staff morale.
Determined Need/RecommendationAnother recommendation is to design acurriculum that addresses writingdeficiencies through the use of graphicorganizers, Daily Oral Language practicesessions, grammar lessons, PearsonKnowledge Technologies’ WriteToLearnonline instructional learning tool and theuse of the 6 traits of writing model.