Anglisht me foto dhe fjali - English with photos and words - Little Picture Dictionary
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Anglisht me foto dhe fjali - English with photos and words - Little Picture Dictionary



Anglisht me foto dhe fjali - English with photos and words - Little Picture Dictionary / Fjalor ne 112 faqe - shume praktik!(m.d)

Anglisht me foto dhe fjali - English with photos and words - Little Picture Dictionary / Fjalor ne 112 faqe - shume praktik!(m.d)



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Anglisht me foto dhe fjali - English with photos and words - Little Picture Dictionary Anglisht me foto dhe fjali - English with photos and words - Little Picture Dictionary Document Transcript

  • E-mail.: madopol(at)yahoo.comLITTLE ENGLISH (PICTURE)DICTIONARY -1-
  • Adjectives An adjective is a word that describes something. afraid alike angry asleep ajar When things are alike When you are angry, When you are When youre afraid, Something that is ajar you are scared. is partly open. The they look the same. you are very mad. asleep you are not awake. door is ajar. bad When something is biggest awake bad, it is has big bigger The boy on theWhen you are awake, unpleasant qualities. When someone or The boy in the middle right is the is bigger than the boy you are not asleep. The opposite of bad is something is big, it is biggest of the good. above average size. on the left. three. broken brittle When Something that is something is black blue brittle will break or broken, it doesBlack is the color of a The sky is blue during brave snap in two easily. not work or very dark night. the day. Someone who is has been Potato chips are brave has courage. damaged. brittle. courage colorful A quality in brown clean closed Something that is which a personBrown is the color of colorful is brightly can face When something is When something is wood. colored or has many danger or pain clean, it is not dirty. closed, it is not open. colors. without The door is closed. showing excessive fear. -2-
  • different early excellent dark When things are dirty When somethings WhenWhen it is dark, there different they are not When something is happens early, it something is isnt much light. the same. dirty, it is not clean. occurs in the excellent, it is beginning part of the very, very day or it occurs good. before it was expected to happen. frightened fast fat fiery full When we areThis girl can run very The opposite of fat is Fiery means very hot. This glass is full. frightened, we fast. thin. Fiery embers flew Empty is the opposite are afraid. out of the campfire. of full. green gray Grass, broccoli, and good Elephants are large, many other plants are healthy When something is gray mammals. Gray green. You can make happy When you are good, it is has nice paint can be made by green paint by People usually smile healthy, youqualities. The opposite mixing black and mixing blue and when theyre happy. are not sick. of good is bad. white paint. yellow paint. last little littler large When someone or The boy in the hot When someone or The last item or something is little, it middle is littler Fire is very hot. something is large, it is person is the one at the end. is below average in than the boy above average size. size. on the right. -3-
  • loud mad littlest long When you are mad at many The boy on the left is When something is The opposite of loud The are many someone, you arethe littlest of the three. long, it is not short. is quiet. apples above. angry with them. new multicolored narrow When something is old open Multicolored means When something is new, it hasnt been When someone or Something that having many colors. narrow, it doesnt take used before. something is old, it is open is not up a lot space from has been around for a shut. The door side to side. is open. long, long time. orangeOrange is a color. You pink purple red can mix red and Pink is the color you The color purple is quiet Red is the first yellow paint to get get when you mix red made by mixing red When it is quiet there color in the orange. and white paint. and blue paint. is no noise. rainbow. short shortest sad scared When someone or shorter The boy on theSometimes people cry When youre scared, something is short, it The boy in the middle left is the when theyre sad. you are afraid. is below average is shorter than the shortest of the height. boy on the right. three. slow smaller sick When something is small The boy in the shut When you are sick, slow it does not When someone or middle is When something is you are not healthy. move quickly. something is small, it smaller thanshut, it is not open The door is shut. is below average size. the boy on the right. -4-
  • ________ tall smallest straight WhenThe boy on the left is splendid Something straight is someone or smart the smallest of the Someone who is smart When something is not curvy or bent. something is three. splendid, it is very, tall, it is above can think well. very good. average height. tiniest taller tiny tinier The boy on theThe boy in the middle tallest When someone or The boy in the middle The boy on the right is something is tiny, it left is the is taller than the boy is tinier than the boy tiniest of the the tallest of the three. is very small. on the left. on the right. three. upside down unhappy When something is violet ugly upside down, its top white Sometimes people cry Violet is a bluishSomething that is ugly Snow is white. when theyre unhappy. is where its bottom purple color. is not nice to look at. used to be. young When someone or yellow something is young, wide Yellow is a color. The it has only been When something is sun is yellow. Lemons around for a shortwide, it takes up a lot are yellow. time. A baby is space from side to young. side. -5-
  • Adverbs An adverb is a word that describes an action, telling "how," "when" or "where" the action took place. angrily fastWhen you act bravely daily When something early When something orangrily, your When you act bravely, When something is done someone moves actions you face danger and act is done daily, it is done each day. early, it happens in the fast, they changeindicate that without fear or despite beginning of the day or position veryyou are very your fear. Firefighters Some people exercise daily. before the expected time. rapidly. The sprinter mad. bravely face danger. The sun rises early in the ran fast. day gracefully happily fiery When you do When you do harmoniouslyWhen something friendly something gracefully, something with When people, countries,acts in an intense When people you do it with pleasure or joy, you or other groups behave in or hot way, it is act nicely to elegance and beauty. a friendly manner, they do it happily. She fiery. The fire each other, they A ballerina dances happily helped her are acting harmoniously. burned hotly. are being gracefully. brother. friendly. horizontally joyfully When you do late magically monthly When something When something is When something something with When something moves horizontally, it done with magic and is done monthly, great pleasure or happens late, it is moves left and right. mystery, it is done happiness, you do it done after the it is done each Trains travel magically. The rabbit month. People joyfully. She expected time or ishorizontally along their appeared magically out pay their bills joyfully went on done towards the tracks. of the magicians hat. vacation. end of the day. monthly. -6-
  • quickly sadly When something People behave strenuouslyor someone moves rapidly sadly when they When you do vertically quickly, they When something or are sad or something When something change position someone moves rapidly, depressed. She strenuously, you moves vertically, it very rapidly. An they change position very cried sadly when put a lot of force moves up and down. athlete runs quickly. A cheetah runs she found out the and energy into it. Elevators move quickly. rapidly. bad news. vertically in a building. weekly violently When something is wiggly yearlyWhen something acts violently, done weekly, it is When something When something is doneit uses great force. The wind in done each week. Sue or someone is yearly, it is done each year. a tornado spins violently. wiggly, it twists People celebrate their birthday shops weekly for and moves all over. yearly. groceries. Astronomy-Related Words asteroid astronomer Asteroids are tiny asteroid belt astronaut Astronomers are astronomyplanets that mostly orbit The asteroid belt is a An astronaut people who study Astronomy is the between Mars and doughnut-shaped goes up into astronomy and science that studies the Jupiter. concentration of space to explore. learn about universe. asteroids that orbit objects in the the Sun between the universe, like orbits of Mars and stars and planets. Jupiter. -7-
  • 1,000,000,000 Big Dipper The Big Dipper is billion aurora a group of 7 stars A billion is a thousand atom Auroras are contained in the million. The Earth is Everything is made beautiful lights Northern billions of years old. up of tiny atoms. in the near-polar Hemisphere atmosphere sky.The atmosphere is the constellation Ursa gas that surrounds a major (the Great planet. Bear). constellation comet A constellationA comet is the a small, is a group of crescent Earth eclipseicy object that orbit the stars that we moon The Earth is the An eclipse happens Sun. Its tail always see in the sky. A crescent third planet from when the moon blocks points away from the They are not moon is smaller the sun. Its where out light from the sun sun. necessarily than a half we live! or the Earths shadow located moon. goes across the moon. together in space, but looks as though they are from Earth. gibbous moon falling star full moon galaxy A gibbous moon half moon A falling star is not a A full moon appears A galaxy is an is between a half A half moon looks like star; it is a meteor as an entire circle in enormous group moon and a full half a circle. the sky. of stars. moon. (made of rock and/oriron) which is burning up in the Earths atmosphere. -8-
  • Little Dipper Mars The Little Dipper is a Mars is a meteor Jupiter group of stars in the reddish planet Mercury A meteor is a Jupiter is the largest constellation Ursa and the fourth Mercury is a meteoroid that has planet in our solar minor (the Little planet from the moonless planet; entered the Earths system and the fifth Bear). This group of sun. It is the it is the planet atmosphere, usually planet from the sun. stars ends at Polaris, planet that closest to the Sun. making a fiery trail as the pole star of the comes closest to it falls. It is sometimes Northern the Earth. called a shooting star. Hemisphere. Most burn up before hitting the Earth. meteoroid Meteoroids are tiny meteor Milky Way Galaxy meteoriteA meteorite is a meteor stones or pieces of shower Milky Way Our solar system is in metal that travel A meteor The Milky Way is the Milky Way galaxy.that has fallen to Earth. through space. shower is when a bright line of We can see the MilkyMeteorites are made of stone, iron, or stony- a lot of meteor stars stretching Way as a band of stars iron. fall through the across the night in the night sky. atmosphere in a sky. short time. North Star The north star is a Neptune star that is located Neptune is the almost due north moon nebula eighth planet and is useful for observatory The Earth has one A nebula is a cloud of from the Sun. navigation. An observatory is placemoon. The moon has no gas and dust in space. This frozen Polaris is where people observe atmosphere. The same planet has 8 currently the pole the skies, using aside of the moon always moons. star of the device like a telescope. faces the Earth. Northern Hemisphere. -9-
  • phases of the Moon Pluto orbit As the moon circles Pluto is the ninth and The Moon orbits the the Earth, the shape planet planetarium usually the farthestEarth. The Earth orbits of the Moon appears Nine planets Planetariums put planet from the Sun. the Sun. to change. The phases orbit our Sun. on star shows that Pluto is the smallest of the Moon are: the teach astronomy. planet in our Solar new moon, waxing System. crescent, first quarter, waxing gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous, last quarter, and waning crescent. Saturn quasar Saturn is the shooting star A quasar is a distant sixth planet A shooting star is satellite Solar Systemenergy source in space from the Sun. It not a star; it is a Satellites orbit the which gives off large has beautiful meteor (made of In our Solar System, Earth. nine planets, many amounts of radiation. rings. rock and/or iron) which is burning asteroids, comets, and up in the Earths other objects orbit atmosphere. around our sun. Sun stars The Sun is a Uranus space shuttle Each of the stars medium-sized Uranus is the seventhThe space shuttle flies spacesuit we see in the yellow star in our planet from the Sun. into space and back Astronauts wear night sky is Solar System. We Uranus looks bluish down again, carrying spacesuits when they another sun, but and is covered with get our light andpeople and equipment. walk in space. much farther clouds. It has an most of our away than our energy from the unusual, tipped axis, sun. which gives it extreme Sun. seasons. - 10 -
  • Venus Venus is the second zodiacplanet from the Sun and The zodiac is a bandthe hottest planet in our of 12 constellationsSolar System. From the (groups of stars) in Earth, Venus is the the sky, including brightest object in the Capricorn, Aquarius, sky except for the Sun Sagittarius, Scorpio, and the Moon. Libra, Virgo, Leo, Cancer, Gemini, Taurus, Aries, and Pisces. At the Firehouse: Words ambulanceAn ambulance takes sick Dalmatian danger ax boots The Dalmatian is a You can get hurtpeople to the An ax is useful for Boots are a type of shoe. white dog that has in a dangerous hospital. chopping wood. Boots cover the feet and dark spots. situation. part of the lower legs. flashlight fire truck A flashlight firefighter flame helps you find fire A firefighter is a person Fire fighters on a fire A flame is a fire. truck help put out fires. your way in theFire is very hot. who puts out fires and dark. saves peoples lives. hatchet hero A hero is someone who is hose hydrantA hatchet is an helmet Water flows Fire fightersax with a short A helmet protects your admired for great courage, through a hose. hook a hose up handle. head. Firefighters wear noble character, and performing good deeds, to a fire hydrant helmets. to get water. like a firefighter. - 11 -
  • wrench ladder water A wrench is a toolYou can climb rope that turns nuts or A rope is useful for tying Water is a liquid that can bolts, like those onup a ladder to put out some types of things together. a fire hydrant. reach tall fires. things. Bathroom-Related Words bathtub bubbles eyedropperYou take a bath in a It is fun to comb An eyedropper is used to faucet bathtub. blow soap A comb is a used to drop liquids one drop at You can turn water bubbles! smooth or untangle hair. a time. flow on or off at a faucet. hairbrush mirrorA hairbrush is used You can see sink to brush and shampoo We can wash our your reflection untangle hair. A shampoo is a liquid shower hands at a sink. in a mirror. soap used to wash hair. When you shower, you When you shampoo your wash your body in a hair, you wash it. stream of falling water. toothbrush soap toilet You can keep your teethSoap and water help Toilets are in toothpaste healthy by using a clean things. bathrooms. toothbrush to clean them. You use toothpaste to towel clean your teeth. You can dry things with a towel. tub A tub is a large container. Tub is also another word for bathtub. - 12 -
  • At the Beach: Beach-Related Words ball beachA ball is round A beach is where the clam coral reef and fun to bathing suit water meets the land. Clams are animals Coral reefs are warm,bounce, throw, A bathing suit is a You can build sand with two shells. clear, shallow oceankick, or catch. garment you wear castles on the beach. They burrow under habitats that are rich in while swimming. the sand. life. crab fiddler crab A crab has a The fiddler crab is fish hammockhard shell and small crab that lives Fish live in the water fishing rod A hammock is a largeeyes on stalks on beaches. The and breathe with gills. People use fishing net or cloth that is used on its head. male fiddler crab rods to catch fish. for sleeping or has one enlarged relaxing; it is hung up claw. by both ends. ice cream intertidal zone The intertidal zone kelp coneAn ice cream is where the sea Kelp is brown seaweed kite net meets the land, the that grows in cold You can fly a kite A net is used to catchcone is nice to area between high water. on windy days. things. eat on a hot summer day. tide and low tide. popsicle reef sandA popsicles is a Reefs are warm, Sand is a loose material sandcastle sandals A sandcastle is a small sweet, frozen clear, shallow ocean composed of fine S andals are open castle made of damptreat on a stick. habitats that are rich debris of rock and shoes worn in warm sand. in life. mineral particles. weather. - 13 -
  • sea A sea is a large sand dollar body of salt water seaweed shellSand Dollars are sea gull Seaweed is a plant Some animals grow a that is connected to Sea gull is the common coin-shaped an ocean. A sea may name for some birds that lives in the sea. shell for protection. spiny-skinned be partly or sea bed animals that live near oceans completely and lakes. that have 5-part surrounded by land.radial symmetry. Sun starfish The Sun is a medium-sized swim Starfish (also When you swim, you swim fins known as sea yellow star in our People wear swim Solar System. We move around in the towel stars) are water. fins on their feet to You can dry thingsanimals that live get our light and help them swim. with a towel. on the ocean most of our energy floor. from the Sun. trash can wave A trash can There are waves of holds garbage. whelk water in the ocean. Whelks are ocean animals with a hard, spiral shell. - 14 -
  • Bird-Related Words Arctic tern The Arctic tern is a beak albatross bald eagle A beak is the hard, small bird that flies bipedThe albatross is The bald eagle is a outer part of a some from the Arctic to the A biped is an animalweb-footed bird animals mouth. Birds, Antarctic and back large bird of prey. It that walks on two legs. that can fly for is the symbol of the octopi, squid, and again each year. People and birds area long period of USA. other animals have bipeds. Tyrannosaurus time. beaks. Some dinosaurs rex was a biped. had them too. bird Birds have blackbird bluebird blue jay The blue jay is a bones feathers and Blackbirds are black! The bluebird is a Bones are hard, wings. Most beautiful song bird beautiful, noisy blue structural parts of the birds can fly. that is the symbol of bird. body of many animals, many of the states in including birds. the USA. Canada goose canary cardinal carnivore cage The Canada goose is Canaries sing very The Northern Cardinal Carnivores are Some people a large North well. is a bird with a short, organisms that eat keep birds in American bird that wide bill. The male is meat. Many birds, like cages. honks. bright red; the female eagles, are carnivores. is brownish-red. claw cockatoo cassowary A claw is a hard, Cockatoos are birds A huge, chick sharp, curved nail on A chick is a baby that have a large, flightless bird the feet of some chicken feathery crest and afrom Australia chicken. Some other animals. Bears, cats, hooked bill. They are with a helmet- baby birds are also A chicken is a farm birds, dinosaurs, and called chicks. animal. from Australia andlike crest on its many other animals Indonesia. head. have claws. - 15 -
  • crane crow The crane is a A crow is a very dodo wading bird with smart black bird. The dodo is an dove a long neck, a cuckoo extinct, flightless The dove is a birdlong bill, and long Cuckoos are birds whose call bird that lived on that is a symbol sounds like coo-coo. an island in the of peace. legs. Indian Ocean near Africa. duck Ducks are birds ducklingthat have webbed A duckling is a eagle The eagle is a large bird of prey. emperor feet and a young duck. egret It has a hooked bill and sharp The egret is a penguin flattened bill. talons. large wading The emperor They swim well bird. penguin is the and live near the largest penguin; it water. lives on ice packs in Antarctica. endangered emu species flamingo extinct featherThe emu is a large Endangered species The flamingo is a are types of When a group of animals or Birds have Australian bird pink bird that eats animals or plants plants goes extinct, they are feathers. that cannot fly. shrimp. that may become gone forever. Some extinct extinct soon. Many animals include dinosaurs, birds species are saber-toothed cats, and dodo endangered. birds. - 16 -
  • fly goldfish gooseThe fly is a small, food web Geese are gosling flying insect. The food web (or A goldfish is a type of carp that migrating birds A gosling is a food chain) is all of makes a nice pet. that honk! baby goose the interactions between predators and prey in which plants and animals obtain food. habitat guppy A habitat is the groundhog Guppies are a natural place great horned The groundhog is a owl gull type of small where a plant or rodent that is also tropical fish. an animal lives.The great horned Gulls are birds that live near called the For example, aowl is a large bird oceans and lakes. woodchuck. toucans habitat is of prey from North and South the rainforest. America. hummingbird harpy eagle HummingbirdsThe harpy eagle is are tiny birds that heron drink flowerone of the largest A large wading nectar. They can eagles in the hawk hen bird with hover in the air world. It lives in The hawk is a bird A hen is a female chicken. Hens distinctive and even fly rainforests of of prey, a raptor. lay eggs. plumage and a backwards. Central America long, sharp bill. and South America. - 17 -
  • kiwi The kiwi is a kookaburra junco chicken-sized kakapo The kookaburra jay This junco is a flightless bird small songbird The kakapo is a large, flightless, is an AustralianJays are beautiful, from New from North nocturnal, solitary parrot from bird whose call noisy birds. Zealand. It is America. New Zealand. sounds like generally laughing. nocturnal (most active at night). macaroni penguin The macaroni mallard meadowlark penguin is a The Mallard is a common wild The meadowlarkpenguin from the macaw duck. is a brightly- moaAntarctic that has Macaws are parrots colored songbird The moa werea yellow, feathery from rainforests in that lives in huge, extinct, crest on its head. the Americas. meadows and flightless birds grasslands. from New Zealand. nest nocturnal mockingbird Some animals, like birds, make Nocturnal nene The mockingbird The nene is nests to hold their young - even animals are more is a North Hawaiis state bird. some dinosaurs built nests for nightingale active at night. American bird It is an endangered their eggs. The nightingale is Owls arethat can mimic the goose that lives on a bird that sings nocturnal birds. songs of many beautiful songs. volcanic slopes. other birds. - 18 -
  • owl oriole Owls are birds of ostrich prey that have nuthatch The oriole is a oropendola The ostrich is the The nuthatch is a black and orange large eyes and The crested oropendola is a largest bird. It small perching bird that eats fruit very good tropical black bird that makes cant fly, but it bird that can and nectar. It builds eyesight. Most long, pendulous nests. runs very fast. climb down trees a hanging nest. owls hunt at and opens nuts night.using its bill like a hatchet. peacock parrot The peacock is a peregrine The parrot is a beautiful bird from falconbeautiful bird that india. The male has pelican The peregrine penguin can imitate a large train of The pelican is fish-eating bird falcon is the Penguins aresounds very well. feathers. with a huge, pouched bill. fastest-flying birds that cannot bird. It prey upon fly but swim very other birds. well. petsPets are animals pigeon quailthat live with us, There are a lot of prairie chicken puffin A quail is a like parrots and pigeons in cities. The prairie chicken is a bird that The puffin is an bird; it spends a canaries. lives in grasslands of North Arctic sea bird. lot of time on America. the ground. robin quetzal The robin is a rainbow lorikeet roadrunner common bird The quetzal is a A small, colorful, rhea The roadrunner is with red-colored beautiful rain brush-tongued The rhea is a large, flightless a bird is a fast feathers on its forest bird with parrot from bird from South America. running bird that breast. very long tail Australia. rarely flies. feathers. - 19 -
  • snowy owl rockhopper sea gull The snowy owl is sparrow The sea gull is the a white owl that The sparrow is a penguin common name for snow goose lives in the North small, common The rockhopper some birds that live The snow goose is a migratory American tundra songbird. penguin is a near oceans and bird from North America. (a cold, snowysmall, aggressive, lakes. environment). crested bird that cannot fly. tern Terns are birds that are spotted owl swan sometimes called "sea turkeyThe spotted owl is Swans are long- swallows." Turkeys are an owl from the necked water birds. toucan large birds that Pacific coast of The toucan is a nest on the North America. rainforest bird ground. that has a big, colorful beak. vulture xenops umbrellabird The vulture is a woodpecker Xenops is aThe Umbrellabird The woodpecker is a bird that rainforest bird big, bald-headed is a rain forest can peck holes in trees. from the bird that eats dead bird with a large Americas. animals.tuft of feathers on its head. - 20 -
  • Birthday-Related Words balloons candleBalloons are rubber birthday birthday cake cake You have a Birthday cakes are Cake is a sweet A candle is a stick of waxsacks that are filled with a wick that can burn. with air or other birthday every sweet and delicious! dessert. gases. year. clown chocolate Clowns are people Chocolate is a tasty who dress up in cupcake candy treat made from funny clothes and A cupcake is a tiny cake.Candy is very sweet. children cocoa beans and try to make you Children are sugar. laugh. young people. ice cream gift Ice cream is Its nice to give cold, creamy, juice lollipop paper plategifts. Its nice to get Juice is pressed from A lollipop is candy A paper plate is a and sweet them too. fruit or vegetables. on a stick. disposable plate that is treat. made out of paper. People use paper plates at picnics and some parties. pizza ribbon Pizza is made of popsicle present A popsicles is A present is a gift, You can tie a bow dough that is in a ribbon to toyscovered with tomato a sweet, frozen something you give decorate We play with toys.sauce and cheese; it treat on a to someone. stick. baked in an oven. - 21 -
  • Body-Related Words ankle bandage The ankle is the A bandage is a clean pad biped anatomy that is used to cover and A biped is an animal joint between your body Anatomy is a protect cuts and other that walks on two legs. Everyone has a foot and leg. science that injuries. People are bipeds. body.studies the body. Tyrannosaurus rex was a biped. bones Bones are hard, brain cheek chin earstructural parts of We think with our The cheeks are the sides The chin is the part of We hear thingsthe body of many brain. The brain is of the face between the the face below the with our ears.animals. We have protected by the mouth area and the ear. mouth. Our ears give us 206 bones in our skull. a sense of skeleton. hearing. eye We see with our eyebrow eyelash eyelid elbow The eyebrows are dense Eyelashes are long Eyelids are flaps eyes. Our eyes give The elbow is the us a sense of sight. patches of hair above the hairs on the edges of of skin that coverjoint in the middle eyes. and protect our the eyelids. of your arm. eyes. face feet finger We have ten toes femur fingernail This is a funny We have five fingers on our feet. The femur is the upper Fingernails grow face! on each hand. leg (thigh) bone. It is the at the ends of longest bone in the your fingers. human body. - 22 -
  • fingerprint foot foreheadThe pattern marks We have five toes The forehead is the part hair handon our fingertips on each foot. of the face that is above Hair grows on all We can do are fingerprints. the eyebrows and below mammals. amazing things the hair. with our hands. head heel hips healthy Your hips are We all have a When you are The heel is the back head on our part of the foot. below your waist healthy, you are not and above your shoulders. sick. heart Your heart pumps blood legs. throughout your body. knee intestines The knee is Intestines are a iris kidney where the leg part of the The colored part of The kidney are bean- bends. It itdigestive system. the eye around the jaws shaped organs that take between the The intestines pupil is the iris. Jaws let you open and waste from the blood lower leg and thehelp digest food, close your mouth and and produce urine. upper leg (theabsorb it into the take bites. thigh).body, and excrete waste. legs Many animalshave legs. People have two legs, lips Chickens dont mouth nail cows have four lungs We use our mouths to Nails are hardlegs, insects have have lips, but Some animals use lungs eat and talk. scales that grow six legs, and people do. to breathe. People have at the ends ofspiders have eight lungs. your fingers. legs. Tables and chairs also have legs. - 23 -
  • pupil A pupil is the neck opening in the naked nose center of the When you are Your neck is nurse We use the nose to eyes iris - thenaked, you arent between your head breathe; it also gives us a A nurse takes care of pupil looks like a wearing any and your shoulders. you when youre sick or sense of smell. black circle in the clothes. hurt. middle of the eye. skeleton tongue shoulder A skeleton is the skull Your shoulders set of bones in a skin The skull is the bony Our tongue helps are under your body. People have The skin is the outer structure of head that us eat, taste, and neck. encloses the brain and talk. skeletons, and so covering of our body. do many other supports the jaws. This animals. is a T. rex skull. stomach spine The stomach is a The spine (also pouch-like organ toe called the thumb We have five toes on toenail that is part of the backbone) is a The thumb is the widest each foot. Toenails grow at digestive system. series of finger on a persons hand. the ends of your The stomach helpsconnected bones The thumb is next to the toes. digest food by in the back that pointing finger. All apes churning it in an surround and (like gorillas and chimps) acid bath.protect the spinal have thumbs. cord. tooth We use our teeth vertebra waist x-ray A vertebra is one of the series The waist is the middle to chew food. of small, connected bones in An x-ray is a picture of of the body, between the your bones or teeth. Teeth are held in the spine that surround and protect the spinal cord. The chest and the hips.the gums by roots. plural of vertebra is vertebrae. - 24 -
  • Building-Related Words arch bank An arch is a curved You can put your building cabin money in a bank brick A building is a A cabin is a small, opening. This fireplace is for safe keeping. structure built by simple house. made out of bricks. people. castle church doghouse A castle is a huge, Some people door Some dogs live in You can go in and out elevatorfancy building where a worship in doghouses. king or queen lives. through a door. An elevator carries churches. people and things up and down a tall building. greenhouse entrance exit gargoyle A greenhouse is a You can go into an You can leave an Gargoyles are stone building, usually area through an area through an sculptures of grotesque made out of glass, in factory entrance. exit. creatures that sit which people grow Many items, like perched atop some plants. cars, are made in buildings; they act as factories. waterspouts. home house hut igloo An igloo is a house library Home is where you Some people live A hut is a small, Libraries have books, simple shelter. made out of blocks of live. in houses. tapes, and computer ice. Brr! programs. - 25 -
  • lighthouse A lighthouse shines a museum palace very bright light so log cabin market Museums exhibit art, A palace is a hugeships wont sail ashore A log cabin is a historic objects, and house where a king We can buy things or into rocks by house made of scientific finds - like or queen lives. at a market. mistake. logs. dinosaur fossils. pyramid roof school stadiumThe pyramids in Egypt The roof is the A stadium is a large A school is a placeare huge buildings that top covering of a skyscraper building in which building. where you learnhave a square base and A skyscraper is a very sports events are things. triangular sides. tall building. held. tent A tent is a wall store tepee urban A wall is a side of a A store is where we temporary shelter A tepee is a house Urban means relating building or a room or can buy things. made of fabric. made by some to or located in a city. a fence. Native Americans. White House The White House iswhere the President ofthe United States lives and works. The address of the White windmill House is 1600 A windmill usesPennsylvania Avenue the wind to NW, Washington, generate power. D.C. - 26 -
  • Camping-Related Words camera camper camp fire You can take A camp fire is a fire You can travel backpack cabin pictures with a and sleep in a made during a A backpack is a sack that A cabin is a small, camera. campout; it is used to worn on the back and is simple house. cook food and to used to carry things. warm up people in cold weather. camping candleWhen people go camping, A candle is a stick canoe compass they go into an outdoor of wax with a wick A canoe is a small A compass boat. east area and sleep in a tent, that can burn. always points East is a compass cabin or camper. north. direction. East is opposite west. lake A lake is a large flashlight forest kayak body of water A flashlight helps you A forest is a large A kayak is a small surrounded byfind your way in the dark. group of trees and boat with an land on all lantern underbrush where opening in the sides. Really A lantern is a device many animals live. center for a person. huge lakes are that gives off light. often called seas. mountain A mountain is a map very tall high, log A map shows the natural place on northA log is a short piece of a log cabin features of an area. Earth - higher North is a compass tree trunk. A log cabin is a You can find your than a hill. The direction. North is house made of logs. way around by tallest mountain opposite south. using a map. on Earth is Mt. Everest. - 27 -
  • tent sleeping bag A tent is aA sleeping bag is a fabric south water bottle west temporary shelter sack you can sleep in. South is a compass A water bottle West is a compass made of fabric. direction. South is holds water. direction. West is opposite from north. opposite east. City-Related Words alley ambulance art gallery automobile avenueAn alley is a narrow An ambulance takes sick You can see works An automobile is a car. An avenue is a road between people to the hospital. of art at an art wide street. buildings. gallery. bus bridge A bus is a large bank vehicle that can cab You can put your A bridge is a structure building Cab is another over water, or over take manymoney in a bank for A building is a word for taxi. another thing that is passengers to safe keeping. structure built by difficult to cross. places. people. carYou can travel in a church city crosswalk car. Some people worship in A city is a place A crosswalk is a elevator churches. where a lot of marked area on a An elevator carries people live. street where it is people and things safer to cross. up and down a tall building. - 28 -
  • garbage truck fire truck A garbage truck house fire hydrant Fire fighters on a Fire fighters hook a hose fire truck help put picks up garbage Some people live up to a fire hydrant to and hauls it to the in houses. factory out fires. dump. Many items, like get water. cars, are made in factories. library hydrant intersection lane Libraries haveFire fighters hook a A lane is a small books, tapes, and An intersection is a hose up to a fire where two or more road. computer mail carrierhydrant to get water. programs. A mail carrier things, like roads, meet. delivers the mail. motorcycle museum neighborhood A motorcycle has two Museums exhibit A neighborhood is obelisk market wheels and can go art, historic objects, the place where An obelisk is a tall,We can buy things at and scientific finds fassssttttttt! you and the people four-sided tower a market. - like dinosaur topped with a around you live. fossils. pyramid. palace school A palace is a huge road A school is a place sidewalk house where a king A road is a wide path where you learn A sidewalk is a skyscraper or queen lives. made for travelling. things. paved path for A skyscraper is a people to walk on. very tall building. stop sign taxi stadium A stop sign is a traffic sign that tells store street People pay a taxi driver toA stadium is a large building in cars to stop moving before they A store is where we can buy A street is a public road. drive them places. which sports events are held. continue; it has eight sides. things. - 29 -
  • traffic light train truck town A train has an A truck is a vehicle urban A traffic light directs A town is a very traffic safely. Green engine that pulls that can carry big Urban means small city. railroad cars along loads. relating to or means go, yellow means prepare to stop, and red a track. located in a city. means stop. vanA van is a truck used wall to haul people and village A wall is a side of a things from one A village is a very small building or a room place to another. town. or a fence. - 30 -
  • Clothing and Grooming-Related Words blouse apron backpack A blouse is aAn apron protects beads A backpack is a shirt, a type of clothing from Beads are small objects sack that is worn bathing suit with a hole through them garment worn getting dirty. A bathing suit is a on the upper on the back and is so that they can be strung used to carry garment you wear while part of the body. together to make jewelry things. swimming. or other things. bootsBoots are a type of bow button shoe. Boots cover A bow is loops of bracelet A button is usedthe feet and part of ribbon or sting that A bracelet is jewelry braid to fasten the lower legs. are tied together. you wear on your wrist. A braid is three or more clothes. strands that are woven together into a rope-like shape. cape cane A cape is a flowing clothes cap change purse People wear A cane is a A cap is a type of piece of clothing that Coins are carried in a walking stick. clothes. hat. hangs loose on your change purse. shoulders. crownclothes hanger clothespin coat A crown is a Clothespins are costume fancy hat worn We hang up A coat helps you keep People wear costumes toclothes on clothes used to hang wet warm when it is cold. by kings and laundry on a pretend they are someone hangers. queens. clothes line to dry. or something else. - 31 -
  • glasses earmuffs eyeglasses Glasses help dress Earmuffs keep earring Eyeglasses help some some people seeA dress is a piece your ears warm. Earrings are jewelry for people see more clearly. more clearly.of clothing with a the ears. top and a skirt. hat hairbrush Some hats glove A hairbrush is used to hanger protect youWe wear gloves to gown brush and untangle hair. We hang up clothes on from the sun.protect our hands. A gown is a fancy hangers Some hats are dress. just for fun! ice skate When you wear iron helmet Irons press the wrinkles jeansA helmet protects ice skates, you can jacket Jeans are pants out of clothes. A jacket is a short coat. your head. glide across ice. made from denim fabric. jewel jewelryJewels sparkle and Rings, pins, kimono knitting shine. earrings and A kimono is a beautiful lace Sweaters and socks are necklaces are gown worn by Japanese Lace is a very made by knitting. jewelry. women. delicate fabric. lorgnettes laundry Lorgnettes are glasses (or mittenDoing the laundry laundry basket opera glasses, which are Mittens keep means washing Laundry is put in loafers small binoculars) that are your handsand drying clothes. laundry baskets. Loafers are a type of mounted on a handle. warm. slip-on shoe. This type of glasses was used a long time ago. - 32 -
  • overalls mortar board Overalls areA mortar board is necklace necktie baggy pantsa square hat that is A necklace is A necktie is a narrow nightgown with shoulder worn by people jewelry for your band of fabric tied A nightgown is a long, straps and a when they neck. around the neck. loose garment worn to piece of fabric graduate from bed. covering the school. chest. purse pin A purse is a overcoat pajamas pants A pin is a small, sharp small bag inAn overcoat will Some people wear Pants are clothes that piece of metal used in which somekeep you warm pajamas to bed at cover the legs and up to sewing. girls andwhen it is cold. night. the waist. women carry their money and other things. sew safety pin You can sew raincoat A safety pin is a using a needleA raincoat keeps type of pin that is scarf and dry when it used to fasten sandals A scarf is a piece of cloth Clothes are rains. Sandals are open shoes that people wear around made by clothes and worn in warm weather. their neck or on their sewing. diapers. head. silk shirt Silk is a delicatesewing machine Some shirts have thread that isA sewing machine short sleeves, shoe shorts used to makesews stitches very some have long People wear shoes on Shorts are pants that reach fine fabric. Silkquickly and easily. sleeves, and some their feet. above or around the is obtained from The sewing have no sleeves at knees. the cocoon of machine was all. the silkworm invented in 1846 moth. by Elias Howe. - 33 -
  • spectacles slipper sock Spectacles is A slipper is a sneaker another word skirt We wear socks under our A sneaker is a type ofA skirt is a piece casual shoe worn shoes. for glasses. shoe used for manyof clothing that is around the house. sports.worn on the lowerpart of the body. suitcase sunglasses tie When you travel, Sunglasses help to A tie is a suit protect your eyes fromA suit is a set of you carry your swimsuit narrow band of clothing in a too much sunlight. fabric tiedmatching clothes. A swimsuit is a garment suitcase. you wear while around the neck. swimming. tutu underwear t-shirt Ballerinas umbrella undershirt People wear A t-shirt is a sometimes wear An umbrella protects An undershirt is a shirt underwear simple shirt tutus when they you from the rain. that is sometimes worn under theirwithout buttons or dance. under clothes. clothes. a collar. vest A vest is a watch wig uniform sleeveless piece of A watch is a small clock A wig is fake A uniform is a wallet you can take with you to hair. clothing that isspecial outfit worn People carry money in a tell time. usually worn over by members of a wallet. a shirt. group. yarnSweaters are made zipper out of yarn. You can open and close a zipper. - 34 -
  • Containers bag bottle backpack You can put barrel basket A bottle is aA backpack is a sack You can carry things in a container with a things in a bag. A barrel is a large, that is worn on the basket. narrow neck and wooden container. back and is used to mouth. carry things. box container can bucket Some food and A box can hold A container can A bucket is a container things. hold things. cage drinks come in with a handle. Some people keep birds cans. in cages. cork egg carton envelope A cork is used as jar carton An egg carton holds An envelope holds a a bottle stopper. It Jars are Some liquids (like eggs and keep them letter. is made from tree containers with milk and orange from breaking. bark. a large openingjuice) are packaged in and a lid. cartons. sack lid oilcan package pail A sack is a A lid is a top for a An oilcan is a A package is a A pail is a container with container. You pan or other container for oil. wrapped box that a handle. can put things in container. contains something. a sack. suitcase tube When you travel, Some pastes and gels urn spray can trunk you carry your A trunk is a very large (like toothpaste) come in An urn is a largeA fine mist of liquid tubes. vase. clothing in a traveling case.comes out of a spray suitcase. can. - 35 -
  • vase vat watering canVases are holders for A vat is a large You can water plants tub that holds water bottle with a watering can. flowers. liquids. A water bottle holds water. Devices aileron abacus Ailerons are the camera An abacus is a outer flaps on the airplane bulb You can takeancient device that rear surface of the Airplanes fly in A light bulb turns pictures with a is used for wings of an airpane. the sky. camera. electricity into light. arithmetic Ailerons are used to calculations. keep the airplane from rollling from side to side. device A device is a piece engine can opener The engine of a fan of equipment that engineA can opener is a train pulls the does a job. For The engines of an airplane A fan is a machinedevice that opens example, a can railroad cars along propel it through the air. that makes a cans. the track. breeze. opener is a device that opens cans. incandescent gyroscope light bulb funnel A gyroscope is a spinning An incandescent flashlight A funnel is aA flashlight helps wheel set in a movable light bulb turns device that lets frame. When the wheel electricity into lightyou find your way freezer you pour things in the dark. A freezer keeps spins, it is very hard to as an electric from one move the gyroscope - it things icy. current causes a container to essentially stays in its filament to glow in another. original orientation. an air-free enclosure. - 36 -
  • magnifying iron joystick glass Irons press the lock A magnifying glass A joystick is used inventor wrinkles out of You can lock and unlock a is a lens that makes An inventor designs and to play some clothes. lock with a key. things look largercreates new, useful things. computer games. than they really are. mirror microscope microwave oven You can see your padlock pliersA microscope lets you see Microwave ovens heat up reflection in a You can lock and unlock a Pliers are tools that very tiny things. food quickly. padlock with a key. hold things. mirror. radar radio remote control rocketRadar is a device that uses A radio lets you hear refrigerator A remote control lets you A rocket is a reflected radio waves to broadcast music and talk located objects at a A refrigerator is a operate a machine from machine that shows. distance. Radar is short machine that far away. propels itself into for "radio detection and keeps food cold. space. ranging." sonar In sonar (also called echolocation), a high- sewing pitched sound (usually machine clicks) is sent out. The telephone scale A sewing machine sound bounces off the You can talk with safety pin A safety pin is a type of A scale is a machine for sews stitches very object and some returns. people who are far pin that is used to fasten weighing things. quickly and The returning echo is away by using a clothes and diapers. easily. The interpreted to determine telephone. sewing machine the objects shape, was invented in direction, distance, and 1846 by Elias texture. Dolphins (and Howe. other toothed whales) and some bats use sonar to navigate and find prey. - 37 -
  • telescope A telescope is a optical thermometer device that makes television A thermometer is toaster faraway objects appear A television is a machine that receives pictures and used for telling A toaster is a machine that closer and larger,allowing us to see distant sounds. People watch and what the heats up slices of bread, vacuum cleaner listen to shows on making toast. A vacuum cleaner is a device objects in space. temperature is. television. used to clean rugs and floors. yoke A yoke is a device that holds two working animals (like oxen) together. Farm-Related Words cat barn Cats are mammals A barn is a farm bunny calf and are great pets.building where animals bull A bunny is a young A calf is a Cats were revered and animal feed are A bull is a male cow. rabbit. young cow. by the ancient kept. Egyptians. dog cow Dogs wag donkey chick Donkeys can be very A chick is a baby Most of the milk we their tails drink comes from stubborn. chicken. Some other chicken when theyre baby birds are also A chicken is a farm cows. happy. called chicks. animal. duck farmer Ducks are birds that duckling farm farm Farmers producehave webbed feet and a A duckling is a young Farms are where plants animals food by growing flattened bill. They duck. are grown and animals Farm animals plants and tendingswim well and live near are raised. are very animals. the water. useful to people. - 38 -
  • goose haystack fence gosling A haystack is A fence is a type of Geese are migrating A gosling is a baby birds that honk! a big pile of hen barrier. goose. hay. A hen is a female chicken. Hens lay eggs. honey bee horse horseshoe hog Honey bees are insects Horses are A horseshoe is a A hog is a hoofed that live in a hive and very fast hoe metal protector for a mammal that is make honey. runners.A hoe is a garden tool. horses hoof. similar to a pig. milk kitten Milk comes kid A kitten is a young lamb ox from cows Oxen are large,A kid is a young goat. cat. A lamb is a baby sheep. and other hairy mammals that mammals. live in the far north. rabbit piglet puppy A rabbit is a rooster pig A piglet is a young small, cute A rooster is a male A puppy is a young Pigs are hoofed pig. mammal with chicken. dog. mammals that oink! big ears. scarecrow sheep sheepdog, oldA scarecrow is a figure Sheep are farm English shovelof a person that is made animals that are The old English Shovels are silo of straw. It is used to raised for wool and sheepdog is an used to dig. A silo is a buildingscare crows away from meat. affectionate, long- in which bulk food, crops. haired dog that was like wheat, is stored. originally bred in Great Britain. - 39 -
  • tractorA tractor is a powerfulvehicle that can pull a well plow or other farm A well is a deep hole tools. in the ground from which you get water. Flower-Related Words: Little Explorers Picture Dictionary carnation A carnation is a bluebell flower; it canBluebells are bell- bulb be white, pink, California poppy shaped flowers. bouquet A plant bulb wil sprout The California poppy is a or red. A bouquet is a into a new plant. Tulips small, cup-shaped flower bunch of flowers. grow from bulbs. that lives in dry areas. flower forget-me- daisy dandelion A flower makes seeds. nots The daisy is a Dandelions are weeds Flowers are a plants Forget-me-nots daffodil reproductive organs. are plants that pretty flower. with pretty yellow The daffodil is a have beautiful flowers that turn into Hummingbirds, bees,yellow flower that blue flowers. seed puff-balls. butterflies, and other blooms early in animals drink the sweet the spring. nectar that is made by flowers. - 40 -
  • greenhouse A greenhouse is a building, usually iris nasturtium garden made out of glass, Irises are beautiful Nasturtiums are Plants grow in a in which people flowers with long, thin, lily plants with garden. grow plants. Some flat leaves. A lily is a funnel-shaped bright, pretty flowers are grown flower. flowers and in greenhouses. round leaves. roots rose orchid The roots are the parts The rose is a beautiful seed Orchids are flower with a sweet scent. Seeds grow into of a plant that gets colorful flowers poppy plants. water and otherthat live in warm A poppy is a nutrients from the soil. areas. delicate flower. Roots also store energy and provide support for the plant. Most roots grow underground. yucca tulip Venus flytrap Yucca is a The tulip is a cup- The Venus flytrap is a violets flowering plant stem plant that catches and with stiff shaped flower. Violets are deep purple The stem is the digests bugs. flowers. leaves; it livespart of a plant that in dry areas. provides support for the plant. zinniaZinnias are pretty flowers. - 41 -
  • Food-Related Words: Little Explorers Picture Dictionary Appleseed, Johnny Johnny Appleseed was avocado apple The avocado is an almond a legendary man who artichoke An apple is a oily, green fruit; it isAn almond is a planted apple trees The artichoke is a spiny, juicy fruit that sometimes called the type of nut. through the USA. His green vegetable. grows on an apple alligator pear. real name was John tree. Avocados grow on Chapman, but he was called Johnny trees in warm areas. Appleseed because of his love for growing apple trees. batter A batter is an uncooked, liquid mixture of flour, bagel baker banana eggs, butter and other birthday cake A bagel is a A baker bakes Bananas are a sweet, ingredients. When a Birthday cakes arechewy kind of food in the oven, yellow fruit. batter is cooked, it sweet and delicious! roll. like breads, cakes, becomes solid. Cookies, and cookies. cakes, and muffins are made from batter. blackberry bowlBlackberries are You can eat soup bread dark-colored, Bread is made from breakfast or cereal in a flour and is baked in an broccoli edible berries Breakfast is a meal that bowl. that grow on oven. is eaten in the morning. Broccoli is a green vegetable. prickly vines.bubble gum butter You can chew bun Butter is a rich spread cake candybubble gum and A bun is a sweet made from cream. Cake is a sweet dessert. Candy is very sweet. blow bubbles. roll. - 42 -
  • carrot A carrot is an cauliflower celery Cauliflower is a Celery is a crisp, green cheese cheforange vegetable white vegetable; vegetable. Cheese is a food made A chef cooks food. that grows it is related to from milk. underground. broccoli. cherries chocolate Chocolate is a chopsticks cookie Cherries are a coffee Chopsticks are eating Cookies are small,sweet, tangy, red tasty treat made Coffee is a drink made sweet, baked treats. from cocoa beans utensils used by many fruit. from roasted coffee and sugar. people in Asia. beans. corn Corn is a yellow vegetable you can cork eat on its cob. cornucopia creamA cork is used as Corn was grown A cornucopia, also Cream is the richesta bottle stopper. by Native called a horn of plenty, cotton candy part of milk. ButterIt is made from Americans for is a horn-shaped basket Cotton candy is a sweet and ice cream are tree bark. thousands of that is filled with fruit treat that is spun from made from cream. years before the and grains. It is a sugar. Europeans settled symbol of abundance in North America. and prosperity. cucumber Cucumber is a cuisine cup cupcake cool, crisp cupboard A cupcake is a tiny A cuisine is a You can drink from avegetable that is style of preparing Things are stored in cake. cupboards. cup. good in salad. food. doughnut dessert diet dinner Doughnuts are sweet Desserts are dish A balanced diet is Dinner is a meal that is We eat food on a dish. and have a hole in sweet treats. good for you. their middle. eaten in the evening. - 43 -
  • egg egg carton Many animals hatch An egg carton from eggs. Dinosaurs eat eggplant holds eggs and hatched from eggs. drink We eat when we are An eggplant is a keep them from People eat a lot of People need to hungry. purple vegetable. breaking. chicken eggs. drink water every day. flour food forkFlour is ground We eat food to food web Forks are used for food pyramid The food web (or food up grain (like get energy and to eating solid food. The food pyramid is a chain) is all of thewheat). Bread is grow. diagram that lets you interactions betweenmade from flour. know the US predators and prey in governments which plants and recommended diet. animals obtain food. fruit gingerbread Fruit is the part of Gingerbread is a spicy frying pan some plants that You can cook food in a cookie. Gingerbread glass freezer contains the men and gingerbread We drink out ofA freezer keeps seeds. Apples, frying pan. women are cookies glasses. things icy. strawberries, shaped like little people. oranges, and bananas are fruit. grapefruitGrapefruits are a type of citrus grapes ham Grapes are green bean Ham is a type of fruit that delicious fruit that grater A green bean is a long, meat that comessometime squirt grow on vines. A grater is a tool used thin, green vegetable. It from the top part of a you when you eat them. to cut food into tiny is pod that contains pigs leg. pieces. bean seeds. It is also called a string bean. - 44 -
  • hamburger hot dogA hamburger is a A hot dog is a type of cooked patty of honey cooked meat in the ice Honey is a sweet shape of a sausage; it is hungry ground beef, When youre hungry, Ice is frozen water.usually served in substance made usually served in a long you want to eat some a bun. by bees. bun. food. ice cream ice cream cone An ice cream jelly Ice cream is jam cone is nice to eat Jelly is a spread cold, creamy, Jam is a spread made on a hot summer iced tea made from fruit and sweet treat. from fruit. day. Iced tea is a cold drink. juice. jellybeans jug Jellybeans are A jug holds a juice kitchen Juice is pressed from kettle People prepare and colorful and liquid, like water. A kettle is a pot in sweet. fruit or vegetables. store food in a which you boil water. kitchen. knife You can cut things with a lemon lemonade kiwi A lemon is a sour, yellow fruit. knife. Lemonade is a drink made The kiwi is a tangy fruit ladle from water, lemon juice, andthat grows in warm areas. A ladle is a large spoon used to sugar. serve soup and gravy. lettuce limeLettuce is a leafy lollipop lunch licorice A lime is a sour, green A lollipop is candy on a Lunch is a mealvegetable that is Licorice is a type citrus fruit. stick. eaten in the middle good in salads. of candy. of the day. lunch box measuring cup meat Some people macaroni meal A measuring cup is Meat is a type ofcarry their lunch Macaroni is a Breakfast, lunch, and useful in baking and food that comes in a lunch box. tube-shaped dinner are meals. cooking. from animals. Some noodle. types of meat are beef and ham. - 45 -
  • microwave muffin melon milk Muffins are small, mugMelons are fruits oven A mug is a large Milk comes from cows baked goods made fromthat have a rind. Microwave ovens and other mammals. a batter. cup. heat up food quickly. mushroom napkin Mushrooms are After you eat, you nectarine noodles nut fast-growing A nectarine is a sweet, Noodles are flat strips A nut is a dry seed can clean your or fruit with a hardfungi. They grow juicy fruit with smooth of pasta. Noodles were face with a invented in China. shell. in dark, damp skin; it is related to the napkin. places. peach. olive omnivore An olive is an oily fruit omelet oatmeal An omnivore is an oil that grows on an An omelet is a dish Oatmeal is a made from eggs. animal that eats Oil is a greasy evergreen tree. cereal. plants and meat. liquid. People are omnivores orange orange juice oven oven mitt onion Oranges are Orange juice is made Ovens get very hot. YouOnions are sharp sweet, juicy fruit. An oven mitt from oranges. can bake food in an protects your hand tasting vegetables. oven. when you put things in or out of an oven. oyster pan The oyster is a paper plate pasta peach You can cook Pasta is a type of food Peaches are sweet, soft-bodied A paper plate is a food in a pan. made from flour. juicy fruit with fuzzy marine animal disposable plate that isthat is protected made out of paper. Spaghetti and macaroni skin. by two hard People use paper plates are types of pasta. shells. at picnics. - 46 -
  • peanut pear peas pepper The pear is a pea pod Peas are small, round Pepper is a spice that Peanuts grow sweet fruit with a Peas grow in pea vegetables.undergound; they are many people use to thin skin. pods. a type of legume. season their food. pepper pickle pie pizza A pepper is a sharp- A pickle is a A pie is a dessert pitcher Pizza is made of tasting, hollow cucumber that is that is made with A pitcher is a dough that is coveredvegetable. Peppers can preserved in brine. fruit and has a crust. container for pouring with tomato saucebe red, green, yellow, liquids. and cheese; it is and orange. baked in an oven. plum popsicle pot plate A plum is a sweet, pod A plate is a flat dish A popsicles is a People cook food in juicy, purple fruit. Peas grow in pea sweet, frozen treat on pots.on which we put food. pods. a stick. potato pretzel pumpkin pumpkin pie prune The pumpkin is a Potatoes are starchy Pretzels are salty, A prune is a dried Pumpkin pie is a vegetables that grow knotted snacks. large, orange dessert made from plum. undergound. vegetable that grows pumpkins. on a vine. recipe raisin A recipe is a set of Raisins are dried raspberry refrigerator radish Raspberries are a instructions for A refrigerator is a A radish is a sharp- grapes. making a type of type of edible berry machine that keepstasting vegetable that that grows on a food. food cold. grows underground. prickly vine. - 47 -
  • salami rice salad Salami is a type of roll rolling pin A salad is a type of Rice is a food. It is a salty, spicy meat A roll is a small A rolling pin is used food that is usually grain that grows in product, usually piece of baked to roll out dough. made with lettucewarm, wet soil. Rice is made from beef dough. and other vegetables. an important food in and/or pork. much of Asia. sandwich salt A sandwich is sausage soup Salt is an important Sausage is a type of slice Soup is a type of cheese, crystalline mineral peanutbutter, meat. When something is food. Vegetable soupthat we use to season meat, or another sliced, thin pieces are and chicken soup are our food. cut from it. two kinds of soup. filling between two slices of bread. spoon spatula A spoon is used stove squash steakA spatula is a tool that for eating food Squash grows in warm Steak is a slice of meat. You can cook food on a has a wide, flat end. like soup and weather. stove. cereal. sunflower strawberry string bean sugar A sunflower is a tea The strawberry is a A string bean is a Sugar is a sweet Tea is a drink that is plant that turns to sweet, red fruit. long, thin, green food. brewed from tea face the sun. vegetable. It is leaves. pod that contains bean seeds. It is also called a green bean. - 48 -
  • toaster tuna teapot A toaster is a tomato The tuna is a veryYou can brew tea in a machine that heats Tomatoes are soft large, bony fish that turkey teapot. up slices of bread, and tangy; they lives in the ocean. Turkeys are large making toast. grow on vines. People eat a lot of birds that nest on the tuna. ground. water Water is a liquid that utensils walnut we drink and use toUtensils are tools used vinegar A walnut is an edible wash. Water covers vegetable in the kitchen, like Vinegar is a sour nut from the walnut over two thirds of the Vegetables are surface of the Earth, knives, forks, and liquid that is used to tree. very good for you. and much of our spoons. flavor or preserve foods. body is made of water. watermelon Watermelon is a large, delicious, wok water bottle wheat whisk A wok is a cooking red fruit with a Wheat is a grain. A whisk is used to A water bottle holds pot used in Asia. thick green rind. Flour is made from beat eggs or batter. water. ground-up wheat. yolk yam The yolk of an egg zucchini Yams are sweet yogurt is yellow and Zucchini is a type ofvegetables that grow Yogurt is a dairy contains stored food squash. underground. food made from for a bird or reptile milk. before it hatches. Furniture Words chair armchair A chair is a An armchair is a bed bench bookcase piece of chair with arms. People sleep in beds. A few people can sit Books are stored in furniture that on a bench. bookcases. people sit on. - 49 -
  • couchA couch is a big, soft footstool cradle A footstool is a piece of furniture A cradle is a small bed cupboard dresserthat many people can Things are stored in A dresser is a piece small piece of for a baby. furniture. sit on. cupboards. of furniture in which you can store things. sofa furniture A sofa is a large, soft stoolTables, chairs, sofas, shelf piece of furniture A stool is a seat and beds are grandfather clock A shelf is a small that many people can with neither furniture. A grandfather clock is platform on which arms nor a back. sit on. a large, free-standing things can be placed. pendulum clock. tableA table is a piece offurniture with a flat top and legs. Geology-Related Words crystal emerald atom Crystals are solids diamond gem An emerald is a hard, Everything is whose atoms form A diamond is a very Gems sparkle and shiny, deep green made up of tiny a very regular hard, shiny jewel. shine. jewel. atoms. pattern. geyser A geyser is a geology gold granite Geology is the glacier Granite is a commonnatural hot spring Gold is a precious A glacier is a large, type of igneous rock.that occasionally study of the Earths slowly-moving river metal. Coins andsprays water and structure, including jewelry are made from Granite is formed in a of ice. gold. The Sacajawea US slow cooling process. steam above the rocks and minerals. dollar coin above looks ground. like gold. - 50 -
  • impact crater igneous rock Impact craters are limestone iron Limestone is a type ofWhen molten rock the remains of Iron is a common lava cools, igneous collisions between sedimentary rock that metal that is used for Lava is molten rock. It is made of the rock is formed. an asteroid or comes out of erupting meteorite and the many things, like train skeletons of tiny tracks, pots, and volcanoes. Earth. microorganisms. pipes. mineral metal A mineral is a naturally- A metal is an element metamorphic rock occurring solid whose magnet marble that has a crystalline Metamorphic rocks Marble is a molecules form a regularA magnet attracts structure when it is solid are compacted by pattern (usually forming things made of beautiful form. Many metals are pressure and heat from crystals). Some common iron. metamorphic rock. shiny and many conduct deep inside the earth. minerals include quartz, electricity. Some metals salt, diamond, and include iron, copper, feldspar. silver, and gold. pebble rock A pebble is a quartz ruby salt A rock is a stone. The Salt is an important small, smooth Quartz is a A ruby is a hard, Earths crust is made crystalline mineral stone. common crystalline shiny, red jewel. of rock. that we use to season mineral. our food. solid sedimentary A solid is a matter in sand rock silver which the molecules Sand is a loose Sedimentary rock Silver is a valuable are very close together material is rock that has soil metal; it is also the Plants grow in soil. and cannot movecomposed of fine formed from around. Ice, quartz, shiniest metal. Somedebris of rock and sediment and is coins and jewelry are and diamonds aremineral particles. where most fossils made from silver. solids. are found. - 51 -
  • tsunami volcano A tsunami is a rare, water A volcano is a Water is a liquid that giant series of waves mountainous vent in stone streak caused by an we drink and use toA stone is a rock. the Earths crust. wash. Water covers A streak is a long underwater When a volcano over two thirds of the mark or stripe of earthquake or other erupts, it spews out surface of the Earth, color. large-scale, lava, ashes, and hot and much of our body underwater gases from deep inside is made of water. disturbance. the Earth. well A well is a deephole in the ground from which you get water. House-Related Words armchair bathtub An armchair is a You take a bath in a bed bench bookcase bathtub. chair with arms. People sleep in beds. A few people can sit on Books are stored a bench. in bookcases. carpet A carpet is a floor chair can opener covering made of A chair is a piece broom A can opener is a of furniture that brick You can sweep the woven yarn or thick device that opens fabric. people sit on. This fireplace is floor with a broom. cans.made out of bricks. china clothespin couch chimney cradle China is well-made Clothespins are used A couch is a big, soft A cradle is a small A chimney is a pottery that was first to hang wet laundry piece of furniture that bed for a baby.structure in which on a clothes line to many people can sit on. made in China. you can build a dry. fire. - 52 -
  • cuckoo clock curtains drapes A cuckoo clock cupboard Curtains are cloth door Drapes are cloth has a mechanical Things are stored in hung on and around a You can go in and out hung on and bird that sings cupboards. window. through a door. around a window. every hour. dresser faucetA dresser is a piece fence fan You can turn water A fence is a type of fireplace of furniture in A fan is a machine flow on or off at a You can make a barrier. which you can that makes a breeze. faucet. fire in a fireplace store things. to keep you warm. footstool frame furniture A footstool is a People put pictures garbage can freezer Tables, chairs, sofas, Garbage cans hold small piece of and photos in and beds are furniture. A freezer keeps garbage. furniture. frames to protect things icy. them and make them look nice. house garden gate home Plants grow in a grandfather clock Home is where you live. Some people live A gate is a door in a A grandfather clock is in houses. garden. fence. a large, free-standing pendulum clock. hut igloo key A hut is a small, An igloo is a house We use keys to lock and kitchen made out of blocks kettle People prepare simple shelter. A kettle is a pot in unlock doors. of ice. Brr! and store food in a which you boil water. kitchen. - 53 -
  • lamp lawn lawn mower living room log cabin A lamp gives out A lawn is a place You can cut the grass A living room is a large A log cabin is a light. outside where grass with a lawn mower. room in an apartment or house made of grows. house. logs. mat microwave oven mirrorYou can wipe your Microwave ovens You can see your oven shoes on a floor reflection in a mirror. Ovens get very heat up food mat. mobile hot. You can bake quickly. A mobile is a hanging sculpture. food in an oven. oven mitt roof room pillow quilt The roof is the top An oven mitt A pillow is a soft Quilts keep you warm A room is a part covering of a building. of a building thatprotects your hand cushion that you can at night. when you put rest upon. is separated off bythings in or out of walls. an oven. rug soap A rug is a floor shelf sinkcovering made of A shelf is a small We can wash our hands Soap and water shower at a sink. help clean things. woven yarn or platform on which When you shower, thick fabric. things can be you wash your body placed. in a stream of falling water. sofa A sofa is a large, stool table sponge A stool is a seat with A table is a piece soft piece of Sponges are stove neither arms nor a of furniture with afurniture that many absorbent objects You can cook food on a flat top and legs. people can sit on. used to clean things. back. stove. - 54 -
  • toaster A toaster is a toilet trash canmachine that heats Toilets are in wall A trash can holdsup slices of bread, bathrooms. garbage. vacuum cleaner A wall is a side of making toast. a building or a A vacuum cleaner is a room or a fence. device used to clean rugs and floors. window welcome mat wastebasket A window is a glass-covered You can wipe your shoesPeople throw trash in a opening in a wall or vehicle. on a welcome mat. yard wastebasket. You can see out a window. A yard is a small outside area. - 55 -
  • In the Sea: Ocean-Related Words blue whale The blue whale isAfrican penguin anchor blue shark the biggest animal The African An anchor is a boat The blue shark is a that ever lived. Itpenguin is a small, heavy metal Boats float in sleek, fast-swimming eats tiny food that flightless bird that device that holds the water. shark with blue skin. it sieves throughlives on islands off a ship in place. baleen. the coast of southern Africa. cookiecutter coral shark Coral is a tiny The cookiecutter ocean animal crab conch shark is a small that lives in coral reef A crab has a hard The conch is a shark that takes colonies. Some Coral reefs are warm, shell and eyes on large, shelled circular bites out corals leave a clear, shallow ocean stalks on its head.animal from warm of its prey. Also hard, stony habitats that are rich seas. known as the skeleton when in life. luminous or cigar they die. shark. In the Sea: Ocean-Related Words - 56 -
  • beluga whale cuttlefish basking shark The beluga is a small, white, toothed The cuttlefish is a angelshark The basking shark is huge whale that lives mostly in cold,close relative of the angelfish octopus and the Angelfish are brightly-colored Angelsharks are sharks and eats very tiny animals arctic waters. fish that live in warm water. that have flat bodies that float in the ocean. squid. and live on the ocean floor. echolocation dogfish shark In echolocation (also called sonar), a dolphin high-pitched sound (usually clicks) is The dogfish shark is a small, A dolphin is a marine dugong sent out. The sound bounces off the coral reef very common shark that is mammal with a long Dugongs are gentle, slow- object and some returns. The returning Coral reefs are found all over the world. It is nose and teeth. swimming, aquatic echo is interpreted to determine the warm, clear, not dangerous to people. Dolphins are whales. mammals. objects shape, direction, distance, shallow oceanhabitats that are rich and texture. Dolphins (and other in life. toothed whales) and some bats use sonar to navigate and find prey. eel emperor angelfish The eel is a long, The emperor angelfish elephant seal fiddler crab snake-like fish. The elephant seal is a huge seal is a brightly-colored, The fiddler crab is small crab that that lives in the Pacific Ocean. flattened fish that lives emperor penguin lives on beaches. The male fiddler crab in shallow warm The emperor penguin is has one enlarged claw. waters. the largest penguin; it lives on ice packs in Antarctica. flipper flukes fin whale The tail of whales and dolphins is called fin fish Flippers are wide, flat The fin whale is a very large the flukes (each half of the tail is calledFish use their fins to Fish live in the water limbs that many marine baleen whale. It is the second a fluke). Flukes have no bones in them. swim. largest animal in the world. and breathe with gills. animals use for swimming. Seals and whales have Whales swim by moving their flukes flippers. up and down in the water (fish move their tail left to right). gray whale giant squid The gray whale is a Giant Squid swim gills baleen whale thatdeep in the oceans.They have ten arms Gills are organs that goblin shark eats tiny organisms great white shark and their eyes are fish and amphibians use The Goblin shark from the mud on The Great White shark is a the size of to breathe underwater. has a very long the bottom on the large, meat-eating fish. basketballs. snout. ocean. - 57 -
  • harp seal hatchetfish gull hammerhead shark The harp seal is a Hatchetfish are The hammerhead shark marine mammalGulls are birds oddly-shaped fishthat live near has a head shaped like a that lives in the from South and hermit crab hammer. North Atlantic Hermit crabs are crabs that oceans and Central America. and in the Arctic lack a hard shell; they use a lakes. Ocean. discarded shell for protection. humpback horseshoe whale intertidal zone crab Humpbacks are The intertidal zone jellyfishThe horseshoe hull very acrobatic is where the sea Jellyfish are animals thatcrab is a hard- The hull is the main whales that sing meets the land, the have stinging tentacles.shelled animal body or frame of a ship. beautiful, area between high that lives in complex songs. tide and low tide. warm coastal waters on the sea floor. killer whale Killer whales are also known as krill kelp orcas. These Krill are small Kelp is brown seaweed whales eats marine animals that lanternfish keel that grows in cold Lanternfish are fish that have hundreds of are eaten by manyThe keel is the water. light-producing organs and pounds of fish big animals, bottom of a very large eyes. and marine including some ship. mammals every whales. day. lobtailinglemon shark limpet lobster Lobtailing is when a whale The limpet is a marine A lobster lives on sticks its tail out of the macaroni penguin The lemon water into the air, swings The macaroni penguin is a shark is a animal with a soft body the ocean floor the tail around, and then and a flattened, cone- and has five pairs penguin from the Antarctic yellowish slaps the tail on the waters shaped shell. of legs. Lobsters surface. Lobtailing makes that has a yellow, feathery shark. a very loud noise. crest on its head. have blue blood. - 58 -
  • man-of-war marine mammalsmako shark The Portuguese manta ray Marine mammals live in The mako man-of-war is a Manta rays are the sea and breathe air.shark is a very manatee floating colony of harmless fish and Seals, sea lions, whales,fast shark with Manatees are gentle, animals that has are related to and others are marine bluish skin. slow-swimming, very long, stinging sharks. Mantas are mammals. aquatic mammals. tentacles. It lives in the biggest rays. warm ocean waters. nautilus The nautilus is a nurse shark moray eel narwhal The nurse shark is a octopus The narwhal is an sea animalThe moray eel related to the large predator that Octopi have eight arms is a long, Arctic whale; the male lives in warm water and live on the sea floor. has a huge tooth. squid andsnake-like fish octopus! in coral reefs. that has circular gills. orcaOrcas are alsoknown as killer whales. An oyster otter The oyster is a orca eats An otter is a playful soft-bodied pelican hundreds of aquatic mammal. marine animal The pelican is fish-pounds of fish and marine that is protected eating bird with a penguin mammals by two hard huge, pouched bill. Penguins are birds that cannot every day. shells. fly but swim very well. plankton Plankton are tiny polar bear porpoise Polar bears are A porpoise is a marineorganisms that float mammal with a longin the seas and other large meat-eaters nose and teeth. They are bodies of water. pod live in the farPlankton is the base also known as dolphins; of the oceanic food A group of whales is north. They have they are a type of porthole web. called a pod. clear-colored hair toothed whales. A porthole is a window and black skin. in a ship. - 59 -
  • propellerA propeller is a pufferfish device with Also called queen conch ray blades that is blowfish, this The queen conch is A ray is a flat fish that is turned by an prow poisonous fish related to the sharks. The prow is front part a large, shelled engine; it can swallow animal from warm Many have a long tail makes boats of a ship. water to double seas. It is in danger that stings. (and some its size. of extinction. airplanes) move. sail right whale A sail is a large Right whales are baleen piece of strong reef whales with a huge rockhopper fabric that catches sailboat Reefs are head and an arched penguin A sailboat is a boat that the wind and has sails and is powered warm, clear, mouth. They were The rockhopper propels a boat orshallow ocean almost hunted to penguin is a by the wind. sailboard through habitats that extinction. small, aggressive, the water.are rich in life. crested bird that cannot fly. sailfish scales The sailfish is sand Scales are thin, hard,a deep-sea fish. salmon sand dollar overlapping plates on Sand is a looseIt is the fastest Salmon are fish that material Sand Dollars are some animals. Fish are fish in the sea live in the sea and composed of fine coin-shaped spiny- covered with scales. and can swim spawn in fresh water. debris of rock skinned sea bed Butterfly wings are up to 68 miles animals that have 5- made of scales. and mineral part radial per hour (110 particles. kph). symmetry. sea scallop scuba diver A sea is a large body of sea anemone sea cowScallops are animals Scuba divers swim salt water that is Sea cows (also called manatees) that have two shells A sea snemone is a predatory connected to an ocean. A are gentle, slow-swimming,and live on the ocean under the water and sea animal that looks like a sea may be partly or aquatic mammals. flower and lives on the ocean floor. carry their own air in a tank on completely surrounded by floor. their back. land. - 60 -
  • seal sea sea horse Seals are animals cucumber sea gull The sea horse is a that live in the sea lionSea cucumbers The sea gull is the very strange type ocean but breathe Sea lions are eared seals that are cylinder- common name for some of fish - it has a air. They are marine live off the coast of westernshaped animals birds that live near long snout and a mammals. North America.that live on the oceans and lakes. curled tail. sea floor. sea otter sharkSea otters are seaweed sea star sea urchin Seaweed is a plant Sharks are meat-eaters that marine Sea stars, another name The sea urchin is that lives in the sea. have no bones, only cartilagemammals with for starfish, are animals a spiny, globular (which is softer than bone) very dense, that live on the ocean animal that lives in their skeleton.waterproof fur. floor. on the ocean floor. shell shrimpSome animals ship snail A ship is a very large Shrimp are small A snail is a small, grow a shell boat. animals that live slow animal with its spongefor protection. in the water. own shell. A sponge is a primitive animal that lives in the water.spyhoppingSpyhopping is squid stingray when a whale Squids swim in the starfish submarine A stingray is a flatpokes its head oceans. They have ten Starfish (also A submarine is a vessel that fish with cartilage up out of the arms and an ink sac. known as sea can travel underwater and instead of bones. Itswater and turns stars) are animals carry people. sting is in its tail. around, that live on theperhaps to look ocean floor. around. - 61 -
  • tern Terns are birds that swim When you swim, you swordfish are sometimes thresher shark sunfish The swordfish is called "sea The thresher shark has a a move around in the The sunfish is a large fish with a swallows." greatly-elongated top part of water. a large fish long, sharp bill. the tail.with an almost circular,flattened body. water tiger shark tuna Water is a liquid that we Tiger sharks The tuna is a very walrus drink and use to wash. are large, tugboat large, bony fish A walrus is a Water covers over two thirds fierce sharks A tugboat is a sturdy that lives in the northern marine of the surface of the Earth,that have faint boat that guides large ocean. People eat mammal with ivory and much of our body is stripes. boats in and out of a lot of tuna. tusks. made of water. harbors. whale shark whale The whale shark is Weddell seal Whales are large the biggest shark wave The Weddell seal is a marine mammals. and the biggest fish, There are large, nocturnal marine Whales breathe but it eats tiny foodwaves of water whelk mammal from air using lungs. that it sieves in the ocean. Antarctica (near the through its gills. It Whelks are ocean animals South Pole). is not a whale; it is with a hard, spiral shell. a shark. zooplankton Xiphias Xiphias is the group yacht Zooplankton are (genus) of swordfish, A yacht is a very nice tiny animals that fast-swimming fish small ship.that have a long, sharp float in the seas bill. and other bodies of water. - 62 -
  • At the Post Office: Mail-Related Words address card envelope letterAn address tells the box You can send An envelope holds a You can write aPost Office where to A box can hold things. a card to a letter. letter to bring a letter or friend. communicate package. with a person. paper postcard We write and scale mailbox package paint on A postcard is a card A mailbox is where A package is a wrapped you can mail without A scale is a paper. It is machine foryou leave letters to be box that contains an envelope. People made from weighing things. mailed. something. who collect post cards plant fibers, are called deltiologists. usually trees. stampYou must put a stamp tapeon a letter for it to be Tape is a long, sticky delivered. ribbon that is used to stick things together. Math-Related Words 1+1=2 1+1=2 2+3=5 angle 7-4=3 An angle is the abacus acute angle addition amount of rotation An abacus is an An acute angle is arithmetic Addition is the it would take toancient device that is less than 90 Arithmetic is the study of adding of put one used for arithmetic degrees. addition, subtraction, numbers to get intersecting line calculations. their sum. on top of another. multiplication, and division. - 63 -
  • 1,000,000,000 cone circle A cone is a shape billion chart All of the points that has a point atA billion is a thousand A chart is a on a circle are one end and a million. The Earth is diagram, like a the same circular opening billions of years old. graph or a table, couple distance from at the other end. A couple refers to two that shows the the center. In mathematics, relationships people or two objects. this shape is a half between things. cone. crescent cube A cube is a solid cylinderA crescent is the shape curve A cylinder is a denominator geometric figure The denominator is the of the moon a little A curve is a figure with a long with six square bottom number in a fraction.before of after the time wavy line. round body . faces. of the new moon. dividend diamond The dividend is A diamond is a divisor the number that division diameter four-sided figure is divided (in The divisor is the number Division is an that the dividend is divided The diameter is the whose sides are long division). operation thatlongest distance from all the same by (in long division). The The dividend divides a numberone side of a circle (or length. People dividend divided by the divided by the into portions.a sphere) to the other. play baseball on a divisor is the quotient (plus divisor is the diamond-shaped a remainder). quotient (plus a field. remainder). 18 **** 2x **** ****** double Double means **** ****** eight dodecahedron twice or two times. 12 Spiders have eight ****** A dodecahedron is a legs. Stop signs dozentwelve-sided geometric have eight sides. Dozen is another eighteen solid whose faces are word for twelve. Eighteen is the number pentagons. between seventeen and nineteen. - 64 -
  • 11 80 = ***** equal equilateral triangle eighty ellipse When two thingsEighty is the number ****** The sides of an equilateral An ellipse is a are equal they are triangle are all the samebetween seventy-nine flattened circle. exactly the same and eighty-one. in number, length. eleven quality, or Eleven is ten plus amount. one. 50 15 ********** *****0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, Fahrenheit ********** ... ***** Fahrenheit is a ********** measure of first ***** even number An even number is temperature that The first person is abbreviated F. or thing comes fifteen ********** Fifteen is the divisible by two. Water freezes at 32°F and boils at before the others. number after ********** 212°F. fourteen (14) and fifty before sixteen Fifty is the number after (16). forty nine (49) and before fifty one (51). 40 ********** 14 ********** ******* ********** ******* ********** fourteen forty four Fourteen is the five Forty is the number Squares have four number after thirteen fractal People have five after thirty nine (39) sides. Cats and dogs (13) and before Fractals are patterns within and before forty one fifteen (15). patterns within patterns. fingers on each hand. have four legs. (41). 1/2 > greater than fraction The mathematicalA fraction is a part of a geometry symbol > means 1/2whole. Half of an apple Geometry is the "greater than." half is a fraction of an mathematical When one number When something is divided graphapple. The top number study of points, A graph is a is greater than a into two equal parts, each of in a fraction is called lines, angles, and diagram that second number, these two parts is half of the the numerator; the solids. the first one is original object. shows bottom number in a relationships bigger than the fraction is called the between things. second. For denominator. example, 4 is greater than 2, or 4 > 2. - 65 -
  • 100 hexagon hexaflexagon A hexagon is a hundred heart heptagon A hexaflexagon is One hundred is six-sided The heart is a shape that often A heptagon is a a folded the number figure. symbolizes love. geometric figure seven-sided Beehives have after 99 and figure. that can be before 101. hexagonal "flexed" to cells. expose its many sides. < less than The mathematical isosceles symbol < triangle means "less An isosceles kite than." When line segment triangle has two A kite is a four- one number is A line segment sides that are the sided figure in is a portion of a less than a icosahedron same length and which the two second number, line. An icosahedron is a twenty-sided two angles that pairs of adjacent the first one is geometric solid. are the same. sides have the smaller than same length. the second. For example, 1 is less than 2, or 1 < 2. 5 4 6 6 5 4 1,000,000 - 4 6 5 million minus A million is a thousand The mathematical magic square mathematics thousands. The symbol - means long division In a magic square, the Mathematics is the study dinosaurs lived "minus." Four minusIn long division, the dividend is divided by the divisor, rows, columns, and of numbers, shapes, millions of years ago. three is written, 4 - 3. resulting in a quotient plus a remainder. diagonals all add up to the patterns, and logical same number. reasoning. 1x2=2 2x3=6 x multiplication multiply nine number line Multiplication is The mathematical There are nine Numbers Möbius strip a mathematical symbol x means planets in our correspond to A Möbius strip is a piece of paper operation used to "multiply." Four solar system points on a with only one side! compute areas and nine number line. times three is and do other written, 4 x 3. players on a calculations. baseball team. - 66 -
  • obtuse angle octagon numerator An obtuse angle An octagon is number The numerator is the is greater than an eight-sidedNumbers tell you "how many" or figure. Stop octahedron top number in a ninety degrees. An octahedron "how much." fraction. signs are is an eight-sided octagons. geometric solid. 1/2 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, ... one half When something is divided into odd number oval two equal parts,An odd number is not divisible one orb An oval is an each of these two by two. One is a small A ball-shaped egg-shaped parts is one half figure. number. of the original object is an orb. object. parallel parallelogram pattern perimeterParallel lines extend in the same A parallelogram is a A pattern is pentagon Perimeter is the direction, are always the same four-sided figure A pentagon is a distance around the something that isdistance apart, and never meet. whose opposite sides repeated. five-sided edges of a figure. For example, the are parallel. figure. perimeter of a square with side length of a is a+a+a+a=4 times a. . point perpendicular A point is an exact location, a polygon When two lines are A polygon is a perpendicular, they are at right pie chart spot with no A pie chart (also many-sided polyhedron angles (90 degrees). width or called a circle graph) figure with Polyhedra are thickness. is a diagram that is straight edges. solids whose useful for displaying faces are information about the polygons. percentages or parts of a whole. - 67 -
  • 2,3,5,7,11,13,17 ... pyramid quadrilateral prime number A quadrilateral A prime number is a positive A pyramid is anumber that has exactly two factors, shape that has a is a four-sided quotient 1 and itself. Alternatively, you can flat polygonal figure. The The quotient is think of a prime number as a base and square, the answer in number greater than one that is not protractor triangular sides rectangle, long division.the product of smaller numbers. For A protractor is a that meet at a rhombus, The dividend example, 13 is a prime number device that measures point on the top. trapezoid, kite, divided by the because it can only be divided angles. The pyramids in and divisor is the evenly by 1 and 13. For another Egypt are huge parallelogram quotient (plus a example, 14 is not a prime number arebecause it can be divided evenly by buildings build remainder). by ancient quadrilaterals. 1, 2, 7, and 14. The number one is not a prime number because it has Egyptians. only one factor, 1 itself. 1/2 ratio A ratio is the rectangle remainder rhombus relationship between A rectangle is a The remainder is A rhombus is a radius two numbers, as four-sided figure the fractional part of parallelogramThe radius is the distance from defined by the result whose sides are the answer in long with equal- the center of a circle (or a you get when you at right angles to division. The length sides. sphere) to the edge. divide one by the other. each other. dividend divided by the divisor is the quotient plus the remainder. Roman numerals Thousands of right triangle years ago, in right angle A right triangle has ancient Rome, the scalene triangle second A right angle looks like the one angle that is a Romans used a The sides of a The second corner of a square; it extends right angle system of numbers scalene triangle are person or item ninety degrees. (extending 90 that we call Roman all different lengths. comes after the degrees). numerals. In this first and before system, I=1. V=5, the third. X=10, L=50, C=100, D=500, and M=1,000. - 68 -
  • semicircle sphere A semicircle is half a circle. seven shapes six A sphere is a There are seven Everything has a Insects have six ball-shaped days in the week. shape. legs. object. 1-1=0 5-3=2 subtraction tally marks square Subtraction is the ten star Tally marks are aA square has four, equally long A star is a shape operation of quick way of keeping People have tensides which are at right angles track of numbers in fingers and ten that has many taking one to each other. groups of five. One toes. points. number away from another. vertical line is made for each of the first four numbers; the fifth number is represented by a diagonal line across the previous four. 13 30 1,000 ****** ********** ******* ********** ********** thousand thirteen Thirteen is the thirty One thousand is tetrahedron third Thiry is the number after a whole number The third person or item number after twelve A tetrahedron is a pyramid formed by four twenty nine (29) and triangles. comes after the first and (12) and before before thirty one (31). that is equal to second. fourteen (14). 100 times 10. 12 ****** ****** trapezoid twelve three torus A trapezoid is a triangleThree is the number between 2 A torus is a A triangle is a Twelve (12) is four-sided figure and 4. A tricycle has three the number doughnut-shaped with exactly two geometric figure between eleven wheels. A triangle has three object. parallel sides. that has three sides.sides. A Triceratops has three (11) and horns. Tri means three! thirteen (13). Dozen is another word for twelve. - 69 -
  • 1+1≠ 3 0 Venn diagram zero two unequal Zero is a A Venn diagram is twenty We have two eyes, Two things are a diagram that uses number that There are twenty (20) apples two ears, two arms, unequal if they overlapping circles stands for the above. and two legs. are not the same. to show absence of size relationships among or quantity. sets of things. Measurement-Related Words centigrade fahrenheit Centigrade is a cup Fahrenheit is a measure of centimeter A cup is a unit of measure of foot measure of volumetemperature that A centimeter is a unit of temperature that A foot is a unit of equal to eightis abbreviated C. measurement that is is abbreviated F. measurement that is equal ounces of water.Water freezes at equal to one-hundreth of Water freezes at to twelve inches. a meter. Two cups are a pint 0°C and boils at 32°F and boils and four cups are a 100°C. at 212°F. quart. measuring cup inch A measuring meter An inch is a unit of A meter is a unit of cup lets you measurement that is kilogram length; 100 centimeters measure equal to one-twelfth of a A kilogram is a substances by are in a meter. A meter is foot. An inch is 2.54 cm. unit of weight or a little more than 3 feet (it volume (cups or gallon mass that is equal is about 39.4 inches). liters); it is Four quarts to 1,000 grams or useful in baking make one about 2.2 pounds. and cooking. gallon. ounce ruler pint A ruler is a straight piece An ounce is a A pint is a unit of protractor of material that is used for unit of weight. quart measure of volume equal A protractor is a One cup of measuring distances or to two cups. Two pints device that Four quarts water weighs drawing straight lines. make a quart. measures angles. make one eight ounces. gallon. - 70 -
  • weather balloon thermometer A weather scale tape measure A thermometer is balloon is a A scale is a A tape measure is used to used for telling windsock giant balloon machine for measure length. what the A windsock is a device that is sent highweighing things. temperature is. that shows which way the in the sky to wind is blowing and the measure weather winds speed. information, like temperature, wind speed, and air pressure. yard yardstickA yard is equal A yardstick is three-footto three feet or -long stick; it is used for 36 inches. measuring things. Money-Related Words bill change change purse check Your change is the Coins are carried A check is a piece of A bill is paper cent money you get back in a change paper that is an money. Cent is another word for after paying for purse. order for a bank to penny. something. pay money from a bank account. credit card A credit card is a card that lets you dime dollar checkbook buy things on credit A dollar is worth A dime is a USChecks are kept in a -- you pay for the 100 cents. coin coin worth ten checkbook. A coin is a piece of items later. cents. metal money. - 71 -
  • nickel piggy bank earn money A nickel is a U.S. Children put moneyYou can earn money Money is used to buy coin worth five penny in piggy banks. by working. things. cents. A penny is a coin worth one cent. purse quarter whistleA purse is a small A quarter is a coin that A whistle makes abag in which some is worth 25 cents. Four wallet loud, shrill sound. girls and women People carry money quarters make onecarry their money in a wallet. dollar. and other things. People and Occupations actor athlete An actor is someone who archer artist army An artist Someone who is goodperforms a role in a play or An archer shoots an a movie. arrow with a bow. An army is a creates works at a sport is an athlete. unified group of of art. people who are trained to fight on land. ballerina baby baker A ballerina is a brother A baby is a very young A baker bakes food in woman who boy Brothers are boys or person. the oven, like breads, A boy is a does ballet men who have the cakes, and cookies. young man. dancing. same parents. - 72 -
  • bully champion dad A champion is the child A bully is person who is A child is a Dad is another word mean to others. winner of a game or children for father. young person. Children are other competition. young people. explorer An explorer explores daughter diver doctor unknown places and A daughter is a female Divers swim under the A doctor can discovers new things. water. help you when emperor For example, Magellan offspring. youre sick or An emperor is was an explorer who hurt. an unelected led the first expedition ruler of a that sailed around the country. Earth. firefighter father A firefighter is a friends girl family A father is a man who Friends are A girl is a young person who puts A family is a group of has a child. people who woman. out fires and related people. saves peoples like and lives. respect each other. grandparents heir Grandparents An heir is a heiress grandfather grandmother person who An heiress is a girl or The mother of your areThe father of your father or has inherited grandmothers woman who hasmother is your grandfather. father or mother is or will inherit inherited or will inherit your grandmother. and grandfathers. something of a lot of money. value. - 73 -
  • I hero I is a wordA hero is someone who is human being husband imp that refers toadmired for great courage, A human being is a A husband is a An imp is a the person noble character, and person. married man. mischievous child. who is performing good deeds, speaking or like a firefighter. writing. janitor infant inventor A janitor is kid An infant is a baby. someone who A kid is a An inventor designs kin and creates new, looks after and young person. Kin are your relatives. useful things. cleans a building. librarian magician king Librarians take man lady A magician Boys grow up to beA king is a hereditary ruler A lady is a woman. care of libraries performs men. of a country. and help people magic tricks. find books. me mother mummy mom nurseMe is a word that refers to Mom is another word A mother is a A mummy is a A nurse takes care ofthe person who is speaking woman who has preserved for mother. you when you are sick or writing. a child. dead body. or hurt. pioneer paleontologist people person A pioneer is a A paleontologist is a person who is pitcher People are human A person is a scientist who studies the first to do A pitcher is someone beings. human being.ancient life (like dinosaurs), something, like who throws a ball or mostly by looking at settle in a new other item. fossils. area or do research. - 74 -
  • prince princess police president A prince is the A princess is pupil son of a king or the daughter A pupil is a student, a The police enforce laws A president is the queen. of a king or person who is learning. and keep order. elected leader of a queen. country or organization. quadruplets quintuplets Quadruplets are four scuba diver queen Quintuplets are samurai Scuba divers swim siblings (brothers and/or A queen is a five siblings Samurai were under the water andsisters) who are born at the hereditary ruler of a (brothers and/or Japanese carry their own air in a same time from the same country. sisters) who are warriors. tank on their back. mother. born at the same time from the same mother. sister soldier son studentSisters are girls or women A soldier is a person A son is a male A student is a teacherwho have the same parents. who fights for a offspring. person who is A teacher is someone country. learning. who helps you learn. twins triplets Twins are two Triplets are team siblings us toddler three siblingsA team is a group of people (brothers Us is a word that Toddlers are young (brothers and/orthat work together towards and/or sisters) means yourself and children. sisters) who are a goal. who are born others. born at the same at the same time. time. - 75 -
  • veteranA veteran is a person who we you wife woman You is a word that has had experience in an We is a word that A wife is a Girls grow up refers to another occupation. For example, means yourself and married woman. to be women. person or persons.ex-soldiers are often called others.veterans - especially thosewho have served in a war. youngster A youngster is a young person. PetsAbyssinian Cat Airedale terrier Alaskan angelfish Angelfish are aquariumAn ancient, short- The Airedale terrier malamute haired The Alaskan brightly-colored fish You can look at fish is a dog that was that live in warm in an aquarium. domesticated originally bred in malamute is a powerful sled dog water. breed of cat. England. from Alaska. basset hound black bearThe Basset Hound is beagle hamster bloodhounda lively and devoted The beagle is a The black bear The bloodhound is dog that has short friendly, playful dog. hamster is a docile, the heaviest hound Boston terrier legs and long, It was originally The Boston Terrier is black, short-haired dog and is an droopy ears. It was bred as a rabbit an intelligent, lively, hamster. incredible scent originally bred to hunter. short-haired dog. hunt rabbits and tracker. hares. - 76 -
  • bulldog Burmese Cat canary bunny A short-haired The bulldog is a Canaries sing very A bunny is a young cagemuscular, wrinkled, domesticated well. rabbit. powerful dog that breed of cat with Some people keepwas originally bred birds in cages. golden eyes. in Britain. cat Cats are mammals clown fish cockatoo and are great pets. The clown fish is a Cockatoos are birds cocker spanielCats were revered by Chihuahua colorful fish that The cocker spaniel is that have a large, the ancient The Chihuahua is a lives with sea a friendly, obedient feathery crest and a Egyptians. small, alert dog from anemones. dog that was hooked bill. They are Mexico. originally bred to from Australia and hunt birds. Indonesia. collie dachshund The Dachshund is an dog The collie is a Dalmatian Dogs wag their tailsfriendly, intelligent, active dog with a The Dalmatian is a Doberman when theyre happy. and obedient dog long body and short white dog that has The Doberman is a legs. dark spots. loyal, intelligent dog. frog emperor Frogs are angelfish amphibians. They fish fish bowl The emperor Fish live in the water Fish swim around foal begin as eggs, hatch angelfish is a A foal is a young into tadpoles (who and breathe with and around a fish brightly-colored, horse. breathe with gills), gills. bowl. flattened fish that and grow up to be lives in shallow frogs (who breathe warm waters. with lungs and lose their tail). - 77 -
  • gerbil goldfish golden retriever A goldfish is a type Gerbils are small A friendly, Great Dane rodents that some intelligent, energetic, of carp that makes The Great Dane is a great horned owlpeople keep as pets. and very popular a nice pet. The great horned owl large, short-haired is a large bird of prey dog. dog that was from North and originally bred to South America. hunt large game. guinea piggreat white shark grizzly bear groundhog The guinea pig is a The Great White greyhound The grizzly bear is The groundhog is a small, tailless rodent shark is a large, The greyhound is the a large bear with a rodent that is also that is sometimes meat-eating fish. fastest breed of dog muscular hump on called the kept as a pet. for short distance its shoulders. woodchuck. runs. hamster iguana horse hound husky Iguanas are plant-A hamster is a small Horses are very fast Hounds are dogs The husky is a hard- eating lizards that rodent that some runners. that were originally working, fast- often live in trees.people keep as pets. bred to hunt running sled dog that animals. was originally from Siberia. Jack Russell Labrador Irish setter terrier retrieverThe Irish setter is a kitten Lhasa apso The Jack Russell A kitten is a young The Labradorfriendly, energetic, retriever is an The Lhasa apso is a terrier is a feisty dog cat. and high-spirited intelligent and even- small, long-haired that was originally dog that was tempered dog. It is dog that was bred to drive small originally bred in the most popular dog originally bred in animals from their Ireland. breed in the USA. Tibet. burrows. - 78 -
  • old English Pekingese lizard mastiff The Pekingese is aLizards are a type of sheepdog The mastiff is a The old English small, long-haired reptile. huge, intelligent, dog with a flattened macaw sheepdog is an and powerful dog affectionate, long- face. It was originally Macaws are parrots that is often used as from rainforests in haired dog that was bred in China as a a guard dog. originally bred in royal companion dog. the Americas. Great Britain. Persian Cat The Persian is a piglet pets pig Pomeranian long-haired Pets are animals that A piglet is a youngdomesticated cat Pigs are hoofed pig. The Pomeranian is a live with us. small, friendly, with a flattened mammals that oink! intelligent companionface and rounded dog. eyes. rabbit pug puppy A rabbit is a small, cute Rottweiler The Pug is a loyal, A puppy is a young dog. mammal with big ears. The Rottweiler is a poodle affectionate dog that has a powerful, muscular, The poodle is a lively, squarely-built body and a determined dog that was intelligent dog that was flat, wrinkled face. It was originally bred in Germany originally bred to retrieve originally bred in China. to guard and herd cattle. game from the water. snake Scottish terrier A snake is a reptile with a sheepdog, old English long, narrow body and no The Scottish terrier (also The old English sheepdog is an legs. It has skin with scales. St. Bernardknown as the Scotty) is a small affectionate, long-haired dog A large, muscular, heroic dogdog that was originally bred to that was originally bred in tarantula originally from Switzerland. hunt foxes and badgers. Great Britain. A tarantula is a large, hairy spider. - 79 -
  • terrier turtle Terriers are dogs veterinarian zebrafish Turtles are slowthat were originally A veterinarian is a Yorkshire terrier Zebrafish are striped animals that have a tropical fish. bred to drive small doctor who helps The Yorkshire terrier very hard shell. is a small, intelligent, animals from their animals. burrows. long-haired dog. Plant-Related Words Appleseed, Johnny Johnny Appleseed was a legendary acorn almond man who planted appleThe acorn is the nut An almond is a type of An apple is a juicy fruit that apple trees of an oak tree. nut. through the USA. apple tree grows on an apple tree. His real name was An apple tree is John Chapman, a fruit tree. but he was called Johnny Appleseed because of his love for growing apple trees. avocado Arbor Day The avocado is an oily, bananaArbor Day is a holiday artichoke bamboo that encourages tree The artichoke is a green fruit; it is sometimes Bananas are a Bamboo is a sweet, yellow planting and tree care. spiny, green vegetable. called the alligator pear.In the USA, Arbor Day Avocados grow on trees in very useful plant usually celebrated on warm areas. from Asia.the last Friday in April. Pandas eat bamboo. - 80 -
  • blackberry bark branch Blackberries are dark- Bark is the hard, colored, edible berries A branch is a bluebell outer covering of tree or other that grow on prickly Bluebells are bell-shaped bouquetthe trunk, branches, plant that grows vines. flowers. A bouquet is a from the trunk and roots of trees. bunch of or stem. flowers. carnation A carnation is a cactus broccoli flower; it can be A cactus is a prickly plant CaliforniaBroccoli is a green bulb white, pink, or that lives in dry places. poppy vegetable. A plant bulb wil sprout red. The California into a new plant. poppy is a small, Onions are bulbs. cup-shaped flower that lives in dry areas. carrot cherries A carrot is an cauliflower celery compost Celery is a crisp, green Cherries are a Compost is orange vegetable Cauliflower is a white sweet, tangy, red decayed organic that grows vegetable; it is related vegetable. fruit. matter that underground. to broccoli. enriches soil. corn Corn is a yellow dandelionvegetable you can eat cucumber Dandelions areon its cob. Corn was Cucumber is a cool, daisy grown by Native The daisy is a weeds with Americans for crisp vegetable that is daffodil pretty yellow good in salad. pretty flower. thousands of years The daffodil is a yellow flowers that turnbefore the Europeans flower that blooms early in into seed puff- settled in North America. the spring. balls. - 81 -
  • deciduous evergreen eggplant An evergreen fern A deciduous plant An eggplant is a purple plant doesnt lose A fern is a lacy, loses its leaves in elm vegetable. its leaves in the primitive plant. the winter. Apple The elm is a large, fast-trees are deciduous. winter. growing deciduous tree. fruit forget-me- Fruit is the part flower fir tree A flower makes seeds. nots of some plants A fir is an forest Forget-me-nots that contains the Flowers are a plants A forest is a large group of evergreen tree; it are plants that seeds. Apples, reproductive organs. trees and underbrush where doesnt lose its have beautiful strawberries, Hummingbirds, bees, many animals live.leaves in the winter. blue flowers. oranges, and butterflies, and other animals drink the sweet bananas are nectar that is made by fruit. flowers. grass grapefruit Grass is a Grapefruits are a type grapes common garden of citrus fruit that Grapes are delicious fruit green bean Plants grow in a flowering plant sometime squirt you that grow on vines. that is found all A green bean is a garden. when you eat them. long, thin, green over the world. vegetable. It is pod that contains bean seeds. It is also called a string bean. greenhouse iris A greenhouse is a holly ivy hoe Irises are beautiful Ivy is a vine.building, usually made A hoe is a garden tool. Holly is a tree with pointy leaves flowers with long, out of glass, in which and red berries. thin, flat leaves. people grow plants. - 82 -
  • jumping beanA jumping bean is aseed pod in which a kapok tree kelp caterpillar lives. jungle Kelp is brown kiwi The kapok tree is a large, The kiwi is aWhen the caterpillar A jungle is a wild deciduous tree that is native to seaweed thatmoves, the seed pod tropical growth of tropical America, Africa, and the grows in cold tangy fruit that moves. The trees, plants, and East Indies. This fast-growing tree water. grows in warmcaterpillar will turn animals. is generally from 45 to 60 feet (14- areas. 18 m) tall; it is the tallest tree in into a moth Africa. The light-weight silky eventually. down from the seed pods is used as pillow stuffing, sleeping bag stuffing, and for other uses. lemon lettuce A lemon is a Lettuce is a lawn leaf leafy vegetable lawn mower Plants use leaves to collect sour, yellow A lawn is a place You can cut the grass fruit. that is good inoutside where grass with a lawn mower. energy from sunlight. salads. grows. lime log meadow A lime is a sour, green A log is a short piece of a maple tree Maple syrup A meadow is a lily citrus fruit. tree trunk. low, flatA lily is a funnel-shaped comes from flower. maple trees. grassland. mushroom nectarine nut melon Mushrooms are fast- A nectarine is a A nut is a dry Melons are fruits nasturtium sweet, juicy fruit seed or fruit growing fungi. They Nasturtiums are plants with with smooth with a hard that have a rind. grow in dark, damp bright, pretty flowers and skin; it is related shell. places. round leaves. to the peach. - 83 -
  • oliveAn olive is an oily orange palm tree orchid Palm trees are afruit that grows on onion Oranges are sweet, juicy Orchids are primitive type ofan evergreen tree. Onions are sharp fruit. colorful flowers tree. tasting vegetables. that live in warm areas. peach peanut pear peas Peaches are The pear is a sweet pea pod Peas are small, round Peanuts growsweet, juicy fruit undergound; they are fruit with a thin Peas grow in pea vegetables.with fuzzy skin. skin. pods. a type of legume. pepper A pepper is a pine tree plant sharp-tasting, A pine is an Plants are living plant pothollow vegetable. pine cone evergreen tree; it things that get their A plant pot is a Peppers can be A pine cone contains doesnt lose its food and energy from container in which a red, green, many seeds from a needle-like leaves in sunlight, soil and air. plant is grown. yellow, and pine tree. the winter. orange. plum potato A plum is a prune pod Potatoes are starchy A prune is a dried sweet, juicy, Peas grow in pea poppy vegetables that grow purple fruit. A poppy is a delicate plum. pods. flower. undergound. rain forest pumpkin A rain forest is aThe pumpkin is a wet tropical raspberry large, orange radish Raspberries are a A radish is a sharp- environment redwood vegetable that teeming with plants type of edible berry The redwood is thegrows on a vine. tasting vegetable that and animals. that grows on a grows underground. tallest tree, growing up prickly vine. to 360 feet tall. - 84 -
  • rose riceRice is a food. It is a The rose is a shamrock roots beautiful flower seed grain that grows in The roots are the parts of a Shamrocks are smallwarm, wet soil. Rice plant that gets water and with a sweet scent. Seeds grow into green plants withis an important food other nutrients from the plants. three-part leaves. in much of Asia. soil. Roots also store energy and provide support for the plant. Most roots grow underground. shrub shovel A shrub is a low-lying plant Shovels are used to or bush that has a woody soil dig. stem. Plants grow in soil. squash stem Squash grows in warm The stem is the part of a weather. plant that provides support for the plant. stick string bean tomatoA stick is a small piece strawberry A string bean is a long, stump Tomatoes are soft and tangy; of wood. The strawberry is a sweet, thin, green vegetable. It is A stump is the part of a tree they grow on vines. red fruit. pod that contains bean that is left in the ground seeds. It is also called a after it has been cut or has green bean. fallen down. tree tree rings By counting the twig A tree is a plant tulip A twig is a small tree number of tree rings with a trunk, in a trees trunk, you trunk The tulip is a cup- branch.leaves, and roots. A trunk is the major shaped flower. can tell how old the support of a tree. tree was. - 85 -
  • vine A vine is a plant that vegetable doesnt have its own vegetation Venus flytrap support. It grows on Vegetables are very good for The plant life of an The Venus flytrap is other objects or violets you. area is its vegetation. a plant that catches creeps along the Violets are deep purple and digests bugs. ground. flowers. walnut watermelon wheelbarrow A walnut is an watering can Watermelon is a A wheelbarrow is a You can water plants large, delicious, red small cart with oneedible nut from with a watering can. fruit with a thick wheat wheel and twothe walnut tree. green rind. Wheat is a grain. handles. Flour is made from ground-up wheat. woodWood is a usefulmaterial obtained yamfrom tree trunks. Yams are sweet Wood is used to vegetables that grow yucca yard Yucca is a plant with zinnia make furniture, underground. A yard is a small Zinnias are pretty stiff leaves; it lives inbuild houses, and outside area. flowers. dry areas. make paper. zucchini Zucchini is a type of squash. - 86 -
  • PrepositionsA preposition is a word that shows the spatial (space), temporal (time), or logical relationship of its object to the rest of the sentence. The words above, near, at, by, after, with and from are propositions. around between above When something is Above means over When something behind is around When you are behind between, it isor higher. The cloud inside something, it is something, you are to the located in a is above the The bird is in the near or close to it. back of it. position separating mountain. cage. two other items. in front of out outsideThe girl on the right inside He is going out the When you are on is in front of the The bird is inside door. outside, you are not The vase is on the table. bricks. the cage. in a building or other structure. with With the over under company of or The cloud is over The cat is under underground having. The the mountain. the table. Many animals live children above are underground. with each other. Shapes cone cube A cone is a shape that crescent circle A cube is a solid A crescent is the curve has a point at one end geometric figure A circle is round. shape of the moon A curve is a wavy and a circular with six square around the time of line or surface. opening at the other faces. the new moon. end. - 87 -
  • diamond equilateral A diamond is a four- triangle cylinder sided figure whose ellipse The sides of anA cylinder is a figure sides are all the same dodecahedron An ellipse is a equilateral triangle with a long round length. People play A dodecahedron is a flattened circle. are all the same baseball on a twelve-sided regular body . length. diamond-shaped geometric solid field. composed of pentagons. heart hexagon fractal The heart is a shape hexaflexagon A hexagon is a six- Fractals are patterns that often symbolizes heptagon A hexaflexagon is a A heptagon is a sided figure. Beewithin patterns within love. folded geometric seven-sided figure. figure that can be hives have patterns. hexagonal cells. "flexed" to expose its many sides. isosceles triangle An isosceles triangle line segment has two sides that are kite Möbius strip A line segment is a A Möbius strip is a the same length and A kite is a four-sided portion of a line. icosahedron piece of paper with two angles that are figure in which the An icosahedron is a two pairs of adjacent only one side! the same.twenty-sided regular sides have the same geometric solid. length. octagon parallelogram oval A parallelogram is An octagon is an orb eight-sided figure. An oval is an egg- a four-sided figure octahedron A ball-shaped object shaped figure. whose opposite Stop signs are An octahedron is an is an orb. sides are parallel. octagons. eight-sided regular geometric solid. - 88 -
  • . point pentagon A point is a very polygonA pentagon is a five- polka dots A polygon is a small dot. Polka dots are polyhedron sided figure. many-sided figure Polyhedra are patterns of dots. with straight edges. solids made from polygons. quadrilateral A quadrilateral is a right triangle pyramid four-sided figure. The rectangle rhombus The pyramids in A right triangle has square, rectangle, A rectangle is a four- A rhombus is a one angle that is a Egypt are huge rhombus, trapezoid, sided figure whose parallelogram withbuildings that have a right angle kite, and sides are at right equal-length sides. square base and (extending 90 parallelogram are angles to each other. degrees). triangular sides. quadrilaterals. round scalene triangle semicircle Round things are The sides of a scalene A semicircle is half a shapes sphere curved. A circle is triangle are all circle. Everything has a A sphere is a ball- round. different lengths. shape. shaped object. spiral A spiral is a curve square torus that winds in on A square has four, tetrahedron A torus is a equally long sides star doughnut-shaped itself. Snail shells A tetrahedron is ahave a spiral pattern. which are at right A star is a shape that pyramid formed by object. angles to each other. has many points. four triangles. trapezoidA trapezoid is a four- triangle zigzagsided figure with two A triangle has three A zigzag is a line parallel sides. sides. that sharply turns back and forth. - 89 -
  • Sports ball baseball basketball archery Baseball is team game baseball bat Basketball is a sport inIn archery, you A ball is round and fun to bounce, that is played with a ball You hit a baseball which you get pointsshoot an arrow with a baseball bat. for throwing a ball into throw, kick, or and a bat. (using a bow), aiming at a catch. a basket. target. dart A dart is a football small, pointed dartboard Football is played game object that is A dartboard is the exercise with an odd-shaped People enjoy playing Exercise is very good for thrown at a target used when ball in the USA. games. in a game. playing darts. go golf ball helmet golf A golf ball is a small ball A helmet protects your When you go,you are moving. Golf is a sport in which used in golf - the ball sits golf club head. a ball is hit into a series on a tee in the grass. Golf clubs are used of holes using golf clubs. to hit a golf ball. ice skate When you wear iceskates, you can glide judo jump jump rope karate Judo is one of the martial When you jump, you go up and There are a lot of different Karate is one of the martial arts. across ice. arts. down. ways to jump rope. Olympics martial arts The Olympic Games began The martial arts medal move mitt over 2700 years ago in ancientinclude Aikido, Judo, A medal is an award that When you move, you are Greece. you can wear. A baseball mitt is a glove used to Karate, Tae Kwon not still. catch balls.Do, and other sports. - 90 -
  • play racket roller skate run When you wear rollerWhen you play, A racket is used to hit a ball or ride Running is faster skates, you can rollyou are having shuttlecock in When you take a ride, than walking. along the ground. fun. sports like tennis you travel on something and badminton. else, like a bicycle, a horse, or other means of transportation. soccer ball stadium swim A soccer ball is ski made up of sports A stadium is a When you swim, youWhen you ski, Playing sports is fun and large building in move around in the pentagons andyou glide over good exercise. which sports events water. hexagons.snow or water. are held. team A team is a tee tennis racketgroup of people A tee holds a ball tennis A racket is used to throw that work Tennis is a sport in hit a ball or When you throw in postion so you together which a ball is hit over a shuttlecock in something, you use can hit it.towards a goal. net with a racket. sports like tennis your arm to send it and badminton. through the air. Storytime Words costume act actor angel People wear castle An angel A castle is a huge, fancy When you act, An actor is someone who costumes to embodies building where a king oryou do something performs a role in a play or pretend they are a movie. goodness. queen lives.or perform a role. someone or something else. - 91 -
  • Once upon a time... crown A crown is a dragon folk tales ghostfancy hat worn by A dragon is a big, scary, Folk tales are Ghosts are make-believe.kings and queens. fire-breathing, make- stories that are Boo! emperor believe beast. passed on from An emperor is an unelected ruler of generation to a country. generation. mermaid monster king Monsters are A king is a A mermaid is a mummy leprechaun make-believe scary and make- A mummy is a preservedhereditary ruler of A leprechaun is a make- creature who is believe. dead body. a country. believe tiny person from half woman, half Ireland who searches for fish. the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. ogre palace pirate Ogres are ugly, prince princess A palace is a huge house Pirates robbed A prince is thescary and make- A princess is the where a king or queen ships on the high son of a king or believe. daughter of a king or lives. seas. queen. queen. Once upon a Once time... upon a queen story sword time... treasure chest A queen is a A story tells you about an A long time ago, soldiers fought A treasure chest is ahereditary ruler of event. It can be real or tale lidded, locked box filled make-believe. with swords. a country. A tale is a story. with valuables. - 92 -
  • witch unicorn wand A witch is aA unicorn is a A wand is a thin rod that make-believe you can carry. woman who hasmythical, one-horned animal. magical powers. Time-Related Words autumn Autumn is the season April August between birthday calendar April is the fourth August is the eighth summer and You have a birthday A calendar lets you month of the year. month of the year. winter. every year. know what day it is. Another name for autumn is fall. cuckoo clock December clock A cuckoo If you want to know clock has a December is the century day twelfth month of the what time it is, look mechanical The sun is up duringA century is 100 years. at a clock. year. bird that sings the day. every hour. fall February Fall is the season February is grandfather clock hour evening between summer and the secondEvening is the late part winter. Another name month of the A grandfather clock There are 24 hours in aof the day and the early for fall is autumn. is a large, free- day. year. standing pendulum part of the night. clock. - 93 -
  • hourglass JanuaryAn hourglass measures July June January is the time as sand falls July is the seventh June is the sixth month hour hand first month ofthrough a thin opening. month of the year. of the year. An hour hand on a the year. clock tells you what hour it is. Jurassic period Mesozoic Era Dinosaurs flourished The Mesozoic Era was during the Jurassic the time when March dinosaurs lived andperiod, 208-146 million March is the May years ago. Stegosaurus late May is the fifth mammals evolved. third month of The Mesozoic lasted and Apatosaurus were The sun sets late in month of the year. the year. from 250 million to 65two dinosaurs that lived the day. during the Jurassic. million years ago. It began and ended with mass extinctions. month There are 12 months in a year: January, February, night midnight March, April, At night, when the sun Midnight is 12:00 at minute hand morning goes down, you can May, June, A minute hand on a night. July, August, The sun rises in the see stars in the sky. clock tells you how September, morning. many minutes past October, the hour it is. November, and December. November October seasons noon There are four seasons inNoon is midday, 12:00, November is the October is the second the year: winter, spring,when the sun is closest eleventh month of the tenth month of summer, and fall (also There are 60 seconds in a year. the year. called autumn). minute. to overhead. - 94 -
  • spring Spring is the summer September Summer is the September is the season after second hand season between sunrise ninth month of the winter and The second hand on a spring and fall Sunrise is the time year. before clock tells you how (autumn). when the sun rises. summer. many seconds have gone by. time zone timeline The Earth is divided time A timeline is a into 24 time zones so Time is measured in graphic that everyone in the sunset today seconds, minutes, display that world can be onSunset is the time when Today is the day it is roughly similar the sun sets below the hours, days, weeks, shows a series right now. months, and years. of events that schedules (like horizon. happen in a having noon when time period. the sun is highest in the sky). week There are 7 winter days in a Winter is the season Triassic period week: Sunday, between fall andDinosaurs and mammals watch Monday, spring. In thefirst appeared during the A watch is a small Tuesday, Northern year Triassic period, which clock you can take Wednesday, lasted from 248 million with you to tell time. Hemisphere, winters A year consists of 12 Thursday, are cold; in the months, 52 weeks, or to 208 million years Friday, and Southern 365 days. ago. Saturday. Hemisphere, they are There are 52 warm. weeks in a year. - 95 -
  • Tools chisel awl A chisel is a tool drill file axAn awl is a tool used used to carve A drill makes A file is used to smooth An ax is useful forto make small holes wood, marble, or holes in things. things. chopping wood. in things. other materials. funnel hammer level nail hatchetA funnel is a device A hammer is good for A hatchet is an ax A level is a tool A nail is a long, thin that lets you pour pounding nails into that checks if piece of metal that you with a short things from one wood. both sides of can hammer into wood. handle.container to another. something are at the same height. nut scissors rake Scissors are used for A nut is a piece of pliers saw A rake is a garden cutting things, like metal that fastens Pliers are tools that A saw is a tool tool that helps paper.onto a bolt or screw. hold things. gather grass and that cuts things. leaves. stapler A stapler is a screwdriver device that tape measure screw A screwdriver is a tool shovel attaches papers to A tape measure is usedA screw is a threaded that is used to put in Shovels are used each other using a to measure things. metal fastener that and remove screws. to dig. small piece of has a slotted head. metal. washer A washer is a round, wedge tools tool box flat object with a hole A wedge is a tapering block tongs (often made of wood) that is Tools help us do work Tools are stored or in it, made of metal orTongs are a type of simple rubber. It is placed next used for holding things in place,tool used to pick up things. and make things. carried in a tool to a nut to help fasten splitting things or tightening box. it. things. wrenchA wrench is a tool that turns nuts or bolts. - 96 -
  • Toys and Games baseball backgammon ball balloons Baseball is team archery Balloons are rubber game that is In archery, you Backgammon is an A ball is round and fun shoot an arrow ancient board game to bounce, throw, kick, sacks that are filled played with a played with tiles and or catch. with air or other ball and a bat. (using a bow), gases.aiming at a target. dice. basketball brush baseball bat blocks A brush is used to Basketball is a sport in bubblesYou hit a baseball which you get points You can build things paint, clean, or It is fun to blowwith a baseball bat. for throwing a ball with toy blocks. groom. soap bubbles! into a basket. clay checkers Potters make Checkers is a two- circus cards A circus is a beautiful thingsSome people play chalkboard player game that is out of clay, like You can write with played on an 8 by 8 traveling show thatgames with cards. mugs, plates, and chalk on a chalkboard. square game board. has acrobats, clowns, bowls. and animals. clown connect-the-Clowns are people comic book who dress up in A comic book is a book computer dots coloring book whose story is told in You are using a When you do afunny clothes and You can color the try to make you pictures in a coloring colorful pictures and computer right now. connect-the-dots laugh. some words. puzzle, you make book. a picture. crayons dance costume crossword puzzle People wear crafts Crayons are colorful wax A crossword puzzle has When you move Crafts are fun, artistic sticks that are used for interlocking words that your bodycostumes to pretend activities. drawing. rhythmically, youthey are someone or you guess from clues. are dancing. something else. - 97 -
  • dart dice A dart is a small, Dice are cubes with discpointed object that dartboard numbers on each side A compact disc doll is thrown at a A dartboard is the that are used in games. contains a lot of Dolls are toys target in a game. target used when A single one is called a encoded information, that look like tiny playing darts. die. like computer games people. or music. dollhouse doodle dominoes A doodle is a quick A dollhouse is a Dominoes is a game drawing done with little drawing easel tiny house for A drawing is a Some artists played with tiles that thought. dolls. have numbers on picture of something. draw at an easel. them. football fireworks Football is played game exercise Fireworks are beautiful fishing rod with an odd-shaped Exercise is very People enjoy explosions in the sky that People use fishing ball in the USA. playing games. good for you. people send up for a rods to catch fish. celebration. ice skate golf ball When you wear ice illusion golf A golf ball is a small ball skates, you can An illusion is Golf is a sport in used in golf - the ball sits golf club glide across ice. something that which a ball is hit on a tee in the grass. Golf clubs are used tricks your eyes.into a series of holes to hit a golf ball. using golf clubs. Internet jigsaw puzzle The Internet is a group jack-o-lantern jacks To put a jigsawof connected computers. jack-in-the-box A jack-in-the-box is a toy that A jack-o-lantern looks Jacks is a traditional puzzle together, You are surfing the scary when its lit up! childrens game. you match shapes. Internet right now! can surprise you! - 98 -
  • jokes joystick jog Do you know any good A joystick is used judo juggle Jogging is good jokes? to play some Judo is one of the It takes good exercise. computer games. martial arts. coordination to juggle. jump rope kaleidoscope A kaleidoscope is a karate kite knitting There are a lot of Sweaters and device that makes Karate is one of the You can fly a kite different ways to on windy days. socks are made by beautiful, colorful martial arts. jump rope. knitting. patterns. martial arts maze magazine The martial arts Getting through magnet include Aikido, mask A magazine is A magnet attracts things the passages of a published Judo, Karate, Tae A mask covers your maze is tricky. made of iron. face. periodically. Kwon Do, and other sports. Olympics origami nursery rhyme oil painting The Olympic Origami is the art mitt An oil painting is a Games began over of folding paperA baseball mitt is a Nursery rhymes are picture made using 2700 years ago in into beautifulglove used to catch simple rhymes that most ancient Greece. shapes. children enjoy. oil paints. balls. MOM 2002 palindrome A palindrome is a word, phrase or paintbrush palette number that reads theA paintbrush is used painting same forwards or pen pal A palette holds an A pen pal is a to paint things. A painting is a picture backwards. Some artists paints. faraway friend made using paints. palindromes are: the name Bob, the you write to. number 101, and the phrase, "Madam, Im Adam." - 99 -
  • project puppet photo play A project is a task A puppet is a doll A photo, or When you play, that accomplishes that you put your photograph, is a you are having fun. something. Crafts hand in, making itpicture taken with a pinwheel projects are fun to move. camera. A pinwheel is a toy that make. whirls around when you blow on it. radio rhyme ? Words that rhyme riddle racket A radio lets you have endings that puzzle A riddle is a A racket is used to hit a hear broadcast sound the same, like question that is a Puzzles can be music and talkconfusing but fun. ball or shuttlecock in cat and hat or kite puzzle or a joke. sports like tennis and shows. and light. badminton. roller skate robot When you wear seesaw rocket rocking horse Seesaws go up A robot is a A rocket is a machine that Children can rock roller skates, you can roll along the and down.mechanical worker. propels itself into space. on a rocking horse. ground. slide snowman A slide is a playground soccer ball Snowmen are toy that you climb up on figures made from A soccer ball is sports ski made up of Playing sports isWhen you ski, you and then slide down. You snow. They melt pentagons and fun and goodglide over snow or can go very fast on a when the weather slide. hexagons. exercise. water. gets warm. team teddy bear stadium sword A team is a group of Teddy bears are A stadium is a large A long time ago, soldiers foughtbuilding in which sports tangram people that work with swords. A tangram is a traditional fun to cuddle. events are held. together towards a Chinese puzzle that can be made into many goal. shapes. - 100 -
  • telescope A telescope is a optical television device that makes A television is a tennis racket tee faraway objects appear machine that tennisA tee holds a ball in A racket is used to closer and larger, receives pictures Tennis is a sport in hit a ball orpostion so you can allowing us to see distant and sounds. People which a ball is hit shuttlecock in hit it. watch and listen to over a net with a sports like tennis objects in space. shows on racket. and badminton. television. tic-tac-toe tent Tic-tac-toe is a A tent is a game for two tongue twister tepee players. The toys temporary shelter Tongue twisters are We play with toys. made of fabric. A tepee is a house made winner has to get hard to say! by some Native three marks in a Americans. row. train vacation treasure chest A vacation is a wagon A train has an A treasure chest is a time of rest or a You can pull things yo-yo engine that pulls change of everyday in a wagon. A yo-yo is a roundrailroad cars along a lidded, locked box filled track. with valuables. activities. toy that goes up and down on a string. Vehicle and Transportation Words anchor automobile bicycle airplane ambulance A bicycle hasAirplanes fly in the An ambulance takes sick An anchor is a heavy An automobile is a two wheels, a car. sky. people to the hospital. metal device that holds handle bar, and a ship in place. pedals. - 101 -
  • blimp bus A blimp is is a bulldozer A bus is a large cabballoon-like airship A bulldozer is a large boat tractor that moves vehicle that can take Cab is another that floats in the Boats float in the water. many passengers to word for taxi. sky. earth. places. camper cart canoe car caravel A cart is aYou can travel and A canoe is a small boat. You can travel in a car. The caravel is a large wheeled vehiclesleep in a camper. sailing ship that was that is pulled or first made in Portugal pushed by an in the late 1400s. animal or a Many world person. explorers used caravels. Conestoga wagon dump truck covered wagon A dump truck is a truck engine US pioneers used US pioneers used covered that can carry and then engine The engines ofConestoga wagons wagons pulled by oxen or dump its load (like The engine of a train an airplane pulled by oxen or horses to move their gravel or soil). A dump pulls the railroad cars propel it horses to move belongings westward. truck toy is a great in a along the track. through the air. their belongings They are also called sandbox. Englines also westward. They conestoga wagons or power other are also called prairie schooners. vehicles, likecovered wagons or cars. prairie schooners. helicopter fire truck garbage truck A helicopter is Fire fighters on a funnel fuselage A garbage truck a flyingfire truck help put The funnel is the The fuselage is the picks up garbage and machine. It is out fires. smokestack of a ship or a main body of an hauls it to the dump. kept in the air train. airplane. by a sideways propeller on top. - 102 -
  • hot-air balloon jet Hot-air balloons hull A jet is a very fast, jet engine junk float through the The hull is the main body powerful airplane. A jet engine is a A junk is a air. or frame of a ship. powerful motor that traditional propels a jet plane. Chinese sailing ship made of wood. lifeboat license plate A lifeboat is a kayak landing gear Every car has a small boat thatA kayak is a small keel The landing gear of an license plate that tells is kept on a boat with an The keel is the bottom of airplane is the set of you where its from. larger ship; it is opening in the a ship. wheels used during used incenter for a person. landing and takeoff. emergencies. limousine motorcycle A limousine is a Mayflower minivan A motorcycle has very long, fancy The Mayflower was the A minivan is a small oar name of the ship in which two wheels and can An oar is used car. van. the 102 Pilgrims sailed from go fassssttttttt! to row a boat. England to what is now Massachusetts, on the northeastern coast of the USA. The Pilgrims landed on December 11, 1620. propeller plane A propeller is a paddle Planes are machines thatA paddle is an oar fly in the sky. People ride device with blades prowfor rowing a small porthole that is turned by an The prow is in them. boat. A porthole is a window engine; it makes front part of a in a ship. boats (and some ship. airplanes) move. - 103 -
  • sail A sail is a large piece sailboatrailroad tracks rocket of strong fabric that A sailboat is a Trains run along A rocket is a machine catches the wind and boat that has railroad tracks. ride that propels itself into propels a boat or sails and is When you take a ride, space. powered by the sailboard through the you travel on something wind. water. else, like a bicycle, a horse, or other means of transportation. school bus steamshovel submarine A school bus ship A submarine is a A ship is a very large A steamshovel is a tailcarries children to boat. machine that digs large vessel that can travel The tail is the and from school. holes and can move underwater and carry rear section of dirt. people. an airpane. tanker tracksA tanker is a truck taxi tire Trains run tow truckthat carries liquids, People pay a taxi driver to A tire is an air-filled A tow truck is a along railroad like milk or drive them places. covering for a wheel. tracks. strong truck that can gasoline. Cars, bicycles, and pull cars and other many other vehicles trucks when they use tires. cannot move. tractor trunk A tractor is a truck The trunk is the traffic light train large powerful vehicle A truck is a vehicle A traffic light directs A train has an engine compartment in that can pull a that can carry big traffic safely. Green that pulls railroad cars the back part ofplow or other farm loads. means go, yellow means along a track. a car. tools. prepare to stop, and red means stop. - 104 -
  • van unicycle A van is a truck used to vehicle wagon tugboat A unicycle is a vehicle haul people and things A vehicle moves You can pull A tugboat is a with one wheel that is from one place to people and things things in a sturdy boat that moved by pedals. another. from one place to wagon.guides large boats another. in and out of harbors. zeppelin A zeppelin is a wheel metal-framed, A wheel is a wheelbarrow wheelchair yacht A wheelbarrow is a small A wheelchair is a chair motorizedcircular object that A yacht is a very nice balloon-like cart with one wheel and on wheels that rotates around its small ship. airship that two handles. handicapped people center. floats in the can use to get around. sky. Verbs: Action Words A verb is a type of word that describes an action or a state of being, like wiggle, walk, run, jump, be, do, have, or think. break When you break bake something, it is act You bake food in separated into two chopWhen you act, you the oven, making clap or more pieces or is When something is When you clap your do something or breads, cakes, and cracked. Broken chopped, it is cut into hands together they make perform a role. cookies. smaller pieces. things are often a noise. unusable. dance crawl cry When you move Babies crawl to Sometimes people earn your body move around. cry when theyre drink You can earn money by rhythmically, you sad or upset. People need to drink working. are dancing. water every day. - 105 -
  • fly When something flies, it goes through the air without falling. give eat When you let go Many animals, like We eat when we fall flies, butterflies and someone have When you go, you are are hungry. If you lose your something, you are moving. birds, can fly. balance, you can giving it to them. People can fly in slip and fall. airplanes and helicopters. have If you have hearsomething, you are We hear things juggle jump in possession of it with our ears. Our It takes good When you jump, you kneel or it is a ears give us a coordination to go up and down. When you kneel, your characteristic of sense of hearing. juggle. knees are on the floor. yours. knit laugh move nodSweaters and socks People laugh at learn When you learn, When you move, you When you nod your head, are made by funny things, like you move it up and down. you find out are not still. knitting. jokes. something new. read pull push People read play When you push newspapers, books, ride When you play, When you pull something, you magazines, the When you take a ride,you are having fun. something, you make it move by you travel on something make it move by Internet, and other pressing against it. things. else, like a bicycle, a tugging at it. horse, or other means of transportation. - 106 -
  • see sew scream We see with our You can sew using a run When you eyes. Our eyes give needle and thread. Running is faster scream, you talk us a sense of sight. Clothes are made by shower than walking. in a very loud, When you shower, you sewing. emotional voice. wash your body in a stream of falling water. shrugWhen you shrug, you raise yourshoulders in order ski sleep sit We need to sleep to show that you When you sit you When you ski, you every night. slipdont know, arent rest your legs. glide over snow or If you lose your balance, interested in, or water. you can slip.have doubts about something. splatter speak splash When you splatter something, smile When a liquid splashes, parts parts of it are scattered around. smell People speak in many People usually smile of it scatter around. Children Paint can splatter when you areWe smell odors with our different languages. when theyre happy. like to splash around in a doing art work. nose. pool. split swim talkWhen something is split, stand When you swim, you move People talk in many different it is divided into two When you stand, you sweep around in the water. languages. pieces. are on your feet. You can sweep the floor with a broom. tickle touch throw Tickling someone can make When two things touch, they are in teach think When you throw them laugh. physical contact with each other.When you teach someone, You can think of something, you use your they learn something. amazing things. arm to send it through the air. - 107 -
  • understand vote twist When you use When you twist unzip When you vote, you are understand When you unzip When you use expressing your choice you pivot your something you do something, you something, you for something or body. something with it. know it very well open a zipper. someone, along with or you know how other people as part of a it works. group decision. wave weep wiggle This girl is Sometimes people When you wiggle you work walk waving to her weep when theyre twist and move all When you work, you do aTo walk is to move friends. sad. over. task.on foot. Walking is slower than running. write yell zip When you yell, you When you zipWhen you write, yawn shout in a very loud something up, youyou put words on Sometimes people voice. close a zipper. paper. yawn when theyre tired. - 108 -
  • Weather-Related Words centigrade Centigrade is a cloud measure of Clouds are cyclone acid rain Acid rain is temperature that white or gray A cyclone is a storm polluted and is is abbreviated C. object that floats of rapidly spinning harmful to the Water freezes at in the air and air that is very 0°C and boils at contains tiny dangerous. environment. atmosphere 100°C. water drops or The atmosphere is the gas that ice particles. surrounds a planet. fahrenheit dust storm Fahrenheit is aA dust storm is a measure of temperature that hail hurricanevery strong wind evaporation A hurricane is a that carries dust Evaporation is the process in is abbreviated F. Balls of ice that strong storm with across the land. which a liquid goes into its Water freezes at fall from clouds high winds and rain.Dust storms occur gaseous form, for example, 32°F and boils at are called hail or The very center ofin dry areas, like when liquid water becomes 212°F. hailstones. the storm, called the deserts water vapor. eye, is calm. Ice Age iceberg An iceberg is a An Ice Age is a time when the huge chunk of icicle lightning Earth becomes very cold and ice ice that floats in Icicles are Lightning is a flash much of it is covered with iceIce is frozen water. the sea. Most of hanging ice that of light in the sky and glaciers. There have been an iceberg is are formed from caused by an many Ice Ages on Earth; the hidden under the dripping water. electrical storm. last one lasted from about 2 water. million to 10,000 years ago. - 109 -
  • radar rainbow Radar is a device A rainbow appears that uses rain when sunlight passes meteorologist reflected radio Rain is water through bits of water precipitation A meteorologist is waves to located that falls from in the air. The white Precipitation is rain, snow, a scientist who objects at a clouds. Rain is light is broken up hail, or sleet.studies the weather. distance. Radar measured using into many colors. is short for a rain gauge. "radio detection and ranging." snowflake Snowflakes are snow made of snow - Snow is flakes they are storm sky of frozen water sleet crystals. No two A storm is very bad The sky is blue. that fall from Sleet is freezing rain. snowflakes look weather, like a clouds when it is alike, but they hurricane or a very cold. all have six typhoon. sides. tornado thermometer A tornado is rapidlyA thermometer is used twister thunderstorm spinning air that is Twister is another for telling what the A thunderstorm is a an electrical very dangerous. vortex name for a tornado, temperature is. storm with lightning (flashes of Tornados are Rapidly spinning gas or a rapidly spinning bright light), which creates thunder funnel-shaped. If a air that is very liquid is called a vortex. (very loud sounds). tornado travels over dangerous. a body of water, it is called a waterspout. water Water is a liquid that we weather weather balloon drink and use to wash. waterspout Weather is the state A weather balloon is a giant Water covers over two A waterspout is a that the outdoors is in, balloon that is sent high in water cycle tornado that travels like how windy it is, the sky to measure weatherthirds of the surface of the The Water Cycle is the journey water over a body of water. how hot or cold it is, Earth, and much of our information, like takes as it circulates from the Earth to body is made of water. or if it is raining or temperature, wind speed, the sky and back again. snowing. and air pressure. - 110 -
  • windsock weather vane whirlwind A windsock is a windA weather vane is a Rapidly spinning air is called The wind is air device that device that points a whirlwind. shows which that blowsthe way the wind is way the wind is outside. blowing. blowing and the winds speed. More Anatomy Activities Parts of The Face - 111 -
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