Conjunctions

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Conjunction. Their Types and Exercises

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Conjunctions

  1. 1. What are conjunctions A word or a phrase which joins together words sentences or parts of sentences Co-ordinating Conjunction Co-ordinating Conjunction Subordinating Conjunction Subordinating Conjunction
  2. 2. Co-ordinating Conjunction Join together words, phrases or clauses of equal rank or importance Subordinate Conjunction Join together words, phrases or clauses which is dependent on another clause
  3. 3. Kind of Co-ordinating Conjunctions Adds or Connects • Also • Too • As well as • Now • Both…and • Not only… but also Give choice • Either or…. Neither nor • Otherwise • Or else Contrasts • Still • Yet • Nevertheless • However • whereas Infers • For • Then • Therefore • consequentl y Infers • For • Then • Therefore • consequentl y
  4. 4. Using coordinating conjunctions 1. Coordinating conjunctions join independent clauses. Each clause must be a “complete thought” which could be a sentence on its own. 2. With coordinating conjunctions, put the conjunction in the middle. You may see some sentences starting with “but” or “and”, but this is usually wrong, so it's best to avoid it. 3. With coordinating conjunctions, use a comma unless both clauses are very short
  5. 5. Contrasts - YET • We use yet as the preferred alternative to but when we want to emphasise that contrast to achieve a stronger effect She can play the piano very well, yet she can’t read music at all.
  6. 6. Kind of Subordinating Conjunctions Time When, After, Before, Till, Until, Since, While, As soon as Time When, After, Before, Till, Until, Since, While, As soon as purpose That, So that, In order, lest resulT So, So that, Such that, Provided, Provided that, notwithstanding, On condition resulT So, So that, Such that, Provided, Provided that, notwithstanding, On condition condiTion Since, if, unless, whatever, whichever comparison As much as, no less than, than cause As, since, because conTrasT Though, although, even if, however
  7. 7. Commonly asked question • In most other situations, although and though are equivalent. • You can say though at the end of a sentence to mean approximately the same as but at the beginning, but although can't be used that way. • He's very smart. He's not a genius, though.
  8. 8. Exercise: Join the sentence without using (and, so, because) 1. The train arrived on time. It had met with an accident. 2. The teacher left the classroom. The children started talking. 3. They may go to Rajasthan. They may go to Goa. 4. George does not smoke. Gorge does not drink. 5. Monica got the first prize. She did not deserve it. 6. He is neat in his work. He is quick in his work. 7. Mother cooked dinner. Priya watched television.
  9. 9. Exercise: Answers 1. The train arrived on time though it had met with an accident. 2. No sooner the teacher left the classroom than the children started talking. 3. They may either go to Rajasthan or Goa. 4. Neither does George smoke nor does he drink. 5. Monica got the first prize even though she did not deserve it. 6. Not only is he neat in his work but also quick. 7. Mother cooked dinner while Priya watched television.

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