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Yow Book Report
Yow Book Report
Yow Book Report
Yow Book Report
Yow Book Report
Yow Book Report
Yow Book Report
Yow Book Report
Yow Book Report
Yow Book Report
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Yow Book Report


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    • 1. Recording Oral History: A Guide for the Humanities and Social Science By Valerie Raleigh Yow Presented by: Sarah Bromage, Crystal Cheairs, Kallista Frost, Madeline Moy, Renee Smilanich, Eric Sorlien, Sarah Teague, Michelle Whelan
    • 2. Oral History - Definition
      • “ An oral history is the recording of personal testimony delivered in oral form.”
    • 3. The Interview Situation as a Communicative Event
      • Interviews are a collaborative event and shared experience.
      • The power in the interviewing situation is often on the side of the interviewer.
      • The narrator’s well-being should never be sacrificed for the researcher’s gain.
      • Consider the interpersonal relations between the interviewer, the interviewee and the interview findings.
    • 4. Critically Examine the Interview Process
      • Four stages in interview participation process:
        • Apprehension
        • Exploration
        • Cooperation
        • Participation
    • 5. Critically Examine the Interview Process
      • Keep in mind how “respondents interpret experience and how we, the questioners, interject ourselves into the process.”
      • “ Be aware that responses may depend on the role an individual plays at the time of the interview.”
    • 6. Effectively Perform as an Interviewer
      • Do your research on the narrator.
      • Scrutinize choice of words as you write out questions to avoid any offense or confusion.
      • Always explain to the narrator what topic your questions are about and your intended direction of inquiry.
      • Use non-threatening, Level 1 interaction in the opening to build rapport and provide background information on the interviewee.
      • In informational interviews, chronological order or topically is the best way to proceed.
    • 7. Develop Tools that Contribute to Interviewing
      • Come to the interview with a well thought out plan for topics and questions.
      • An interviewing guide contains flexible topic and question lists.
      • Understand different types of probing questions and how they are useful:
        • Reason Why
        • Clarification
        • What If?
        • Comparison
        • Direct Challenge
    • 8. Articulate Findings from an Interview
      • Critically approach your findings by looking for reliability, accuracy, and validity.
      • Be aware of possible outcomes when publishing findings.
    • 9. Articulate Findings from an Interview
      • Look for the way in which the speaker:
        • Organizes the past, present, and future time during the interview
        • Describes himself or herself in relation to the past
        • Describes, or fails to describe, interactions with objects and persons of the past
      • Consider different analytical approaches for research methods and use the best fit:
        • Anthropological
        • Sociological
        • Historical
        • Psychoanalytical (special circumstances, only)
    • 10. Recognize and Respond to Ethical Aspects of Interviewing
      • Once an interview is committed to print, the narrator has the right to view how you have recorded what he or she said.
      • Put “the individual’s well-being at the center of decision, not as a second consideration where searching for the truth is first.”
      • There is no “one size fits all” approach to ethics; tailor your approach according to each interviewing situation.