Yow Book Report


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  • Yow Book Report

    1. 1. Recording Oral History: A Guide for the Humanities and Social Science By Valerie Raleigh Yow Presented by: Sarah Bromage, Crystal Cheairs, Kallista Frost, Madeline Moy, Renee Smilanich, Eric Sorlien, Sarah Teague, Michelle Whelan
    2. 2. Oral History - Definition <ul><li>“ An oral history is the recording of personal testimony delivered in oral form.” </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Interview Situation as a Communicative Event <ul><li>Interviews are a collaborative event and shared experience. </li></ul><ul><li>The power in the interviewing situation is often on the side of the interviewer. </li></ul><ul><li>The narrator’s well-being should never be sacrificed for the researcher’s gain. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the interpersonal relations between the interviewer, the interviewee and the interview findings. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Critically Examine the Interview Process <ul><li>Four stages in interview participation process: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Critically Examine the Interview Process <ul><li>Keep in mind how “respondents interpret experience and how we, the questioners, interject ourselves into the process.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Be aware that responses may depend on the role an individual plays at the time of the interview.” </li></ul>
    6. 6. Effectively Perform as an Interviewer <ul><li>Do your research on the narrator. </li></ul><ul><li>Scrutinize choice of words as you write out questions to avoid any offense or confusion. </li></ul><ul><li>Always explain to the narrator what topic your questions are about and your intended direction of inquiry. </li></ul><ul><li>Use non-threatening, Level 1 interaction in the opening to build rapport and provide background information on the interviewee. </li></ul><ul><li>In informational interviews, chronological order or topically is the best way to proceed. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Develop Tools that Contribute to Interviewing <ul><li>Come to the interview with a well thought out plan for topics and questions. </li></ul><ul><li>An interviewing guide contains flexible topic and question lists. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand different types of probing questions and how they are useful: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reason Why </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What If? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comparison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Challenge </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Articulate Findings from an Interview <ul><li>Critically approach your findings by looking for reliability, accuracy, and validity. </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of possible outcomes when publishing findings. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Articulate Findings from an Interview <ul><li>Look for the way in which the speaker: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizes the past, present, and future time during the interview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes himself or herself in relation to the past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes, or fails to describe, interactions with objects and persons of the past </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consider different analytical approaches for research methods and use the best fit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anthropological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sociological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychoanalytical (special circumstances, only) </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Recognize and Respond to Ethical Aspects of Interviewing <ul><li>Once an interview is committed to print, the narrator has the right to view how you have recorded what he or she said. </li></ul><ul><li>Put “the individual’s well-being at the center of decision, not as a second consideration where searching for the truth is first.” </li></ul><ul><li>There is no “one size fits all” approach to ethics; tailor your approach according to each interviewing situation. </li></ul>