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Open access

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  • 1. Open access movement in institutional repository Open access (OA) means unrestricted online access to peer-reviewed scholarly research. Open access is primarily intended for scholarly journal articles, but is also provided for a growing number of theses, book chapters, and scholarly monographs. Open Access is the free, immediate, online availability of research articles, coupled with the rights to use these articles fully in the digital environment. There are four primary mechanisms that can be used to enable Open Access: - Open Access Publishing: Authors can choose to publish their research articles in a growing number of journals that meet the full definition of Open Access. Articles are free to all interested readers, and the publishers place no financial or copyright barriers between the readers and the article. Digital Repositories: Authors can choose to deposit their research articles in digital archives (often called Digital Repositories or Institutional Repositories) which conform to the standards of the Open Archives Initiative (OAI), and enable readers to freely access and fully reuse the article text. Effectively Managed Author Rights: As the authors of a research paper, you have ability to ensure that your article can be accessed and used by the widest possible audience. Local, National and International Open Access Policies: Institutions that support research, from public and private research funders to higher education institutions, can implement effective policies that that support making Open Access to scholarly research articles the default mode for their researchers. An institutional repository An institutional repository (IR) is a digital collection of a university’s intellectual output. Institutional repositories centralize, preserve, and make accessible the knowledge generated by academic institutions. Institutional repositories have been established in academic and research libraries. University based institutional repositories manage, disseminate and preserve where appropriate, digital materials created by the institution and its community members. They also organize and access these materials, (Lynch 2003). A survey conducted by the Coalition for Networked Information (CN1) and (United States Higher Education Institutions, 2005) found that research libraries have taken on a leadership role in both policy formulation and operational deployment roles for institutional repositories at research universities. Definition: Clifford Lynch (2003), executive director of the Coalition for Networked Information, describes an IR as “aset of services that a university offers to the members of its community for the management and dissemination of digital materials created by the institution and its community members.” Other than replacing “a university” with “an organization,” this definition reflects how IRs are discussed in this report. Lynch’s definition is particularly appropriate because services, and not technologies, are the emphasis. roles of libraries:in institutional repositories as follows:
  • 2. 1.Academic libraries retain responsibility for managing and archiving traditionally published print materials. 2. Library programmes and budgets will have to support faculty open access publishing activities in order for libraries to remain relevant in this constituency. 3. For libraries with organizational imperative to invest in the future, institutional repositories offer a compelling response. 4. Libraries are best suited to provide much of the document preparation expertise (document format control, archival standards etc) to help authors contribute their research to institution’s repository. 5. Libraries can most effectively provide much of the expertise in terms of metadata tagging, authority controls and the other content managementrequirement that increases access to and usability of the data. Issues for Institutional Repositories There are various issues which needs to be properly addressed before establishing any InstitutionalRepositories. The main issues for establishing are: Intellectual Property Rights/Copyright: Institutional repositories raise issues of rights - not just copyright but other intellectual property rightssuch as patent rights Existing digital collections: New IRs at most organisations will have to take account of existing collections. Some of these viz.personal self-archiving websites may be best source for the IR Organisation and administration: Who will manage the IR ? Where will it be located? What will be the relationship between the centre and the departments ? Preservation:This is very important issue. The long-term preservation of digital objects are very far from solved. Funding/business model: How will the IR be funded, and what business model will it adopt ?  What is the benefit of Institutional Repositories: Researchers benefit through wider (and more rapid) dissemination of their work, resulting in more “research impact”. ?  PG and UG students benefit, as university publications are readily accessible via the institution’s virtual learning environment, library system and institutional portal. ?  The university benefits from a higher profile by making all output publicly (and freely) available. ?  The university benefits by having a comprehensive managed and preserved record of itsresearch output.  Opening up outputs of the institution to a worldwide audience;  Maximizing the visibility and impact of these outputs as a result;
  • 3.  Showcasing the institution to interested constituencies – prospective staff, prospective students and other stakeholders;  Collecting and curating digital output;  Managing and measuring research and teaching activities;  Providing a workspace for work-in-progress, and for collaborative or large-scale projects;  Enabling and encouraging interdisciplinary approaches to research; Software There are a number of open-source software packages for running a repository including: DSpace EPrints Fedora Invenio SobekCM CDL History: The CDL was founded by the University of California in 1997 to take advantage of emerging technologies that were transforming the way digital information was being published and accessed. Since then, in collaboration with the UC libraries and other partners, we assembled one of the world’s largest digital research libraries and changed the ways that faculty, students, and researchers discover and access information. In 1998, the OAC was formally integrated into the CaDL. Immediately, in the same year, the combination began developing digital content. CaDL received additional funding for encoding finding aids from the LSTA program. With the money from the LSTA program the CaDL initiated two projects: MOAC (Museums and the Online Archive of California) and JARDA (Japanese American Relocation Digital Archive). Later in 2001, CaDL launched LHDRP (Local History Digital Resources Project), a program that encourages and helps public libraries and other local California institutions contribute to the OAC. In 2006, CaDL launched California Cultures. Mission: The California Digital Library's mission is "to support the community’s pursuit of scholarship and to extend the University’s public service mission." The California Digital Library’s vision is to provide quality collections that are accessible to everyone, available in all digital formats, and available on a global scale. The California Digital Library believes it can make a difference by transforming research, teaching, and learning by exemplifying their values of innovation, collaboration, openness, sharing, privacy, and learning. Services and Projects:  Melvyl: Melvyl is an online library catalog employed by the CaDL, and is one of the first examples where an attempt has been made to revolutionize library catalog systems with modern information resources.
  • 4.  UC-eLinks: UC-eLinks is a feature developed to make resource requesting ubiquitous and streamlined. The UC-eLink button is inserted, through personalized URL manipulation, into library catalogs, online databases, citation programs, and in the citations of articles themselves.[8] Users can then click on the button in order to access the associated publication, or request access if it is a print-only resource. Inter-library loan requests can also be quickly made with the UC-eLink request form, as well as tutorials on library resource requests in general  Digital Special Collections  Discovery & Delivery  eScholarship  Calisphere Alexandria Digital: The Alexandria Digital Research Library (ADRL) is UC Santa Barbara Library's home for collections of digital research materials. This comprehensive digital library is intended to increase access to millions of hidden digital research assets in the UCSB Library's possession and, ultimately, serve as a single federated dashboard or front end to discovering all of the Library's resources. The first phase of ADRL launched in April 2014, making theses and dissertations created by UCSB graduate students since 2011 available to the UCSB community. In phase two, scheduled to be completed in June 2014, a representative subset of several thousand objects in the UCSB Library's existing digital collections will be added. The UCSB Library is working to identify additional research materials for digitization and delivery via ADRL. ADRL builds on the expertise that UCSB developed in the 1990s with the Alexandria Digital Library (ADL), an online repository for geospatial information. The new ADRL will feature diverse collections, disciplines, and information types—including images, text, streamed media, and numeric and spatial data. Materials in ADRL are subject to copyright and other access restrictions dictated by individual authors. Therefore, a UCSB NetID and password may be required to view some materials in ADRL, such as full-text electronic theses and dissertations. As the collections in this long-term project expand over time in size and scope, we will update this page with new details. Design Goals for ADL: The ADL project consists of three major efforts: (1) basic research; (2) building a testbed; components of ADL  Collections  Metadata  Search  Retrieval and user workspace  Underlying system
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