24255079 span-of-management

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24255079 span-of-management

  1. 1. SPAN OF MANAGEMENT
  2. 2. MEANING Itrefers to the number of subordinates that report directly to a single manager or superior. The term Span of Management is also known as ‘Span of Control’& ‘Span of Supervision’. But span of management is a better term because control & supervision are elements of management.
  3. 3. SIGNIFICANCE It is necessary to decide the appropriate span for every executive. If the no. of subordinates reporting directly to a manager is very large, he may not be able to exercise effective supervision & control. On the other hand, if the no. is too small, full use of the manager’s abilities may not be made & the subordinates may not get adequate autonomy of work. It’s however, difficult to decide to appropriate span of management. In actual practice spans vary widely & there is no best or ideal no. that can be applied in all situations.
  4. 4. FACTORS DETERMINING SPAN OFMANAGEMENT Nature of work. Type of technology. Ability of the manager. Capacity of subordinates. Degree of decentralization. Planning.
  5. 5. FACTORS Staff assistance. Communication techniques. Time available for supervision. Geographical dispersion of subordinates.
  6. 6. NARROW AND WIDE SPAN Narrow span of management means very few subordinates report directly to a manager. Wide span of management implies a large no. of subordinates reporting to a manager. Ralph C. Davis has differentiated b/w executive & operative span of control.
  7. 7. NARROW & WIDE At higher levels of management planning & policy making is the major task. Therefore, a narrow span [executive span] of 3 to 7 is usually adopted. At middle and supervisory levels, work is primarily of routine nature requiring less direct contact & interaction. As a result, span of control can increase to as many as 10 to 13persons.
  8. 8. IMPACT OF SPAN ON ORG. STR. Choice of the span of control has a significant effect on the size and shape of the organization structure. If the span is narrow, there would be several levels of authority in the org. The org. str. Will be a TALL pyramid. On the other hand, a wide span of means fewer levels & FLAT/WIDE structure.
  9. 9. TALL AND FLAT STRUCTURESTALL STRUCTURE FLAT STRUCTURE

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