Choke - What the secrets of the brain reveal about getting it right when you have to . By Sian Beilock PhD (2010) Free Pre...
Choke <ul><li>An abstract concept…yet a concrete reality when it occurs. </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Beilock Research Questions <ul><li>Why do the smartest students often do poorly on standardized tests? </li></ul><ul><li>W...
Paralysis by Analysis <ul><li>Beilock describes a condition of &quot;paralysis by analysis“.  This is essentially an imbal...
Cure <ul><li>Minimizing Choking/Maximizing Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Practicing under simulated pressure, for a math t...
Write It Out…Out of Your Mind <ul><li>At the onset of negative thinking, write down your thoughts.  Get them out of your m...
Summary <ul><li>Think about what you want to say…not what you don’t.  </li></ul><ul><li>Practice.  Practice making a fool ...
Additional References <ul><li>What Happens Under Pressure  </li></ul><ul><li>Wall Street Journal 9/27/2010  </li></ul><ul>...
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Beilock Book Summary Linked In

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Excellent Book. This presentation is a outline of a speech I gave about this subject.

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Beilock Book Summary Linked In

  1. 1. Choke - What the secrets of the brain reveal about getting it right when you have to . By Sian Beilock PhD (2010) Free Press/Simon & Schuster Book Review By Madhu Rao
  2. 2. Choke <ul><li>An abstract concept…yet a concrete reality when it occurs. </li></ul><ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choking is suboptimal performance, not just poor performance. It is performance that is inferior to what you can do and have done in the past. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choking is most noticeable when an opportunity to win is squandered. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choking is not random. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Beilock Research Questions <ul><li>Why do the smartest students often do poorly on standardized tests? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did you tank that interview or miss that golf swing when you should have had it in the bag? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you mess up when it matters the most—and how can you perform your best instead? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Paralysis by Analysis <ul><li>Beilock describes a condition of &quot;paralysis by analysis“. This is essentially an imbalance between working memory and procedural memory. </li></ul><ul><li>The theory: Under pressure, experts often over-think well practiced procedures. </li></ul><ul><li>This over-thinking, in turn, inhibits the timing and coordination of the procedure, resulting in a &quot;choke.“ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cure <ul><li>Minimizing Choking/Maximizing Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Practicing under simulated pressure, for a math test or a golf tournament, lowers the risk of failure. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t dwell on previous outcomes. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the outcome (strategy), not the mechanics (tactics). </li></ul><ul><li>Find a key word (e.g., smooth) and own that. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the positive. You are there to have fun, learn, be with others. </li></ul><ul><li>Flow – remember the last time you were in it. Try to recreate conditions that lead to that feeling. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Write It Out…Out of Your Mind <ul><li>At the onset of negative thinking, write down your thoughts. Get them out of your mind. </li></ul><ul><li>Expressing concerns gives people some insight into the source of their stress , allowing them to reexamine the situation with an alternate perspective. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Summary <ul><li>Think about what you want to say…not what you don’t. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice. Practice making a fool out of yourself in an improvisational setting. You will have experienced the sensation of what this feels like. </li></ul><ul><li>Write it out…out of your working memory that is. </li></ul><ul><li>Remind yourself you have the background to succeed. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare well but don’t over anticipate. Avoid too many “what if’s” scenarios. These may become a self-fulfilling prophecy. </li></ul><ul><li>The Secret…is you and attracting your positive thoughts to sustain you through stressful times when your memory is overworked and decisions are difficult to make and unclear. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Additional References <ul><li>What Happens Under Pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Wall Street Journal 9/27/2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Two books investigate the not-so-fine art of choking. Article by Phillip Broughton. </li></ul><ul><li>Bother Me, I'm Thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Wall Street Journal 2/20/2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Why you should drop that espresso and bounce a ball instead. Article by Jonah Lehrer. </li></ul>

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