DISASTER• A disaster is a natural or man-made hazard that has come to fruition, resulting in an event of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the environment• The root of the word disaster ("bad star" in Greek) comes from an astrological theme in which the ancients used to refer to the destruction or deconstruction of a star as a disaster.
NATURAL DISASTER• A natural disaster is a consequence when a natural calamity affects humans and/or the built environment.• Various disasters like earthquake, landslides, volcanic eruptions, flood and cyclones are natural hazards
MAN MADE DISASTER• Airplane crashes and terrorist attacks are examples of man-made disasters.• they cause pollution, kill people, and damage property.
EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PROCESS• The process of Emergency Management involves four phases: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery.
Mitigation• Activities that reduces the effects of disaster• Mitigation efforts are attempts to prevent hazards from developing into disasters altogether or to reduce the effects of disasters.• it focuses on long-term measures for reducing or eliminating risk.• Mitigation measures can be structural or non- structural
PREPARDNESS• Activities prior to a disaster.• Ex. Preparedness plans, emergency exercises & training, warning systems• Preparedness is a continuous cycle of planning, managing, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, creating, monitoring, evaluating and improving activities to ensure effective coordination
RESPONSE• Activities during disaster• Public warning systems, emergency operations, search and rescue• The response phase includes the mobilization of the necessary emergency services and first responders in the disaster area.
RECOVERY• Activities following a disaster• Ex.. Temporary housing, claims processing and grants, long term medical care and counselling• The aim of the recovery phase is to restore the affected area to its previous state.
PRINCIPLES OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT• Comprehensive• Progressive• Risk-driven• Integrated• Collaborative• Coordinated• Flexible• Professional
INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONAS – International Association of Emergency Managers – Red Cross/Red Crescent – United Nations – World Bank – International Recovery Platform