1492 <ul><li>Columbus an Italian under Spanish king discovered America </li></ul><ul><li>North and South America – many si...
1498 <ul><li>Portuguese Vasco Da Gama – Calicut round the Cape of Good Hope </li></ul>
1497 <ul><li>John Cabot – Atlantic Ocean – found Newfoundland – Henry VII gave 5 pounds as prize </li></ul>
King Henry VIII <ul><li>Father of English navy  </li></ul><ul><li>navy as a separate department  </li></ul><ul><li>much we...
The Elizabethan Era <ul><li>Fast development in English Navy </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir John Hawkins and Ma...
English and Spain Rivalry <ul><li>Philip of Spain and Elizabeth of England fell out with each other </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
The War <ul><li>England kept constant vigil at the British Channel – 19 th  July 1588 – fleet in the shape of crescent – d...
<ul><li>Spanish ships – huge with superstructures and crammed with crew </li></ul><ul><li>English ships – long and light –...
<ul><li>20 th  July – Spanish armada – planned to collect force at Netherlands by passing the English Channel  </li></ul><...
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The tudor navy and armada

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its about an episode in english history. it talks about how the english navy came into super power

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The tudor navy and armada

  1. 2. 1492 <ul><li>Columbus an Italian under Spanish king discovered America </li></ul><ul><li>North and South America – many silver mines </li></ul>
  2. 3. 1498 <ul><li>Portuguese Vasco Da Gama – Calicut round the Cape of Good Hope </li></ul>
  3. 4. 1497 <ul><li>John Cabot – Atlantic Ocean – found Newfoundland – Henry VII gave 5 pounds as prize </li></ul>
  4. 5. King Henry VIII <ul><li>Father of English navy </li></ul><ul><li>navy as a separate department </li></ul><ul><li>much wealth got from dissolution of monasteries was spent for navy </li></ul><ul><li>built new and large ships </li></ul><ul><li>dockyards at Woolwich and Deptford </li></ul><ul><li>Portsmouth as naval base </li></ul><ul><li>first one to adopt the technique of placing canons at the sides of the ship. </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Elizabethan Era <ul><li>Fast development in English Navy </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir John Hawkins and Martin Furbisher – busy with sea voyages </li></ul><ul><li>1577 to 1580 – Sir Francis Drake – crossed, plundered South America and reached home on 26 th September 1580 – first circumnavigation by English man </li></ul>
  6. 7. English and Spain Rivalry <ul><li>Philip of Spain and Elizabeth of England fell out with each other </li></ul><ul><li>The Spanish ships with silvers and gold were waylaid by English sailors </li></ul><ul><li>After Reformation – Spain was the champion of Roman Catholicism – priests went to England to convert protestants – English people killed them </li></ul><ul><li>Philip of Spain killed Puritan leader of Netherlands – Netherland rose a rebellion </li></ul>
  7. 8. The War <ul><li>England kept constant vigil at the British Channel – 19 th July 1588 – fleet in the shape of crescent – distance of 7 miles – 150 ships – 20,000 soldiers – </li></ul><ul><li>under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia “Invincible Armada” – </li></ul><ul><li>English had same number of ships under the charge of Lord Howard of Effingham and Sir Francis Drake – naval administration under Sir John Hawkins </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Spanish ships – huge with superstructures and crammed with crew </li></ul><ul><li>English ships – long and light – sail fast – near the shore – could be repaired </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>20 th July – Spanish armada – planned to collect force at Netherlands by passing the English Channel </li></ul><ul><li>English fleet attacked </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish fleet kept moving and anchored at Calais </li></ul><ul><li>English admiral’s mischievous idea – sent flaming ships – </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish ships moved here and there – they changed their plan – went home around Scotland and Ireland – 1588 reached home with 52 ships. </li></ul>

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