The tudor navy and armada

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its about an episode in english history. it talks about how the english navy came into super power

its about an episode in english history. it talks about how the english navy came into super power

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  • 1.  
  • 2. 1492
    • Columbus an Italian under Spanish king discovered America
    • North and South America – many silver mines
  • 3. 1498
    • Portuguese Vasco Da Gama – Calicut round the Cape of Good Hope
  • 4. 1497
    • John Cabot – Atlantic Ocean – found Newfoundland – Henry VII gave 5 pounds as prize
  • 5. King Henry VIII
    • Father of English navy
    • navy as a separate department
    • much wealth got from dissolution of monasteries was spent for navy
    • built new and large ships
    • dockyards at Woolwich and Deptford
    • Portsmouth as naval base
    • first one to adopt the technique of placing canons at the sides of the ship.
  • 6. The Elizabethan Era
    • Fast development in English Navy
    • Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir John Hawkins and Martin Furbisher – busy with sea voyages
    • 1577 to 1580 – Sir Francis Drake – crossed, plundered South America and reached home on 26 th September 1580 – first circumnavigation by English man
  • 7. English and Spain Rivalry
    • Philip of Spain and Elizabeth of England fell out with each other
    • The Spanish ships with silvers and gold were waylaid by English sailors
    • After Reformation – Spain was the champion of Roman Catholicism – priests went to England to convert protestants – English people killed them
    • Philip of Spain killed Puritan leader of Netherlands – Netherland rose a rebellion
  • 8. The War
    • England kept constant vigil at the British Channel – 19 th July 1588 – fleet in the shape of crescent – distance of 7 miles – 150 ships – 20,000 soldiers –
    • under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia “Invincible Armada” –
    • English had same number of ships under the charge of Lord Howard of Effingham and Sir Francis Drake – naval administration under Sir John Hawkins
  • 9.
    • Spanish ships – huge with superstructures and crammed with crew
    • English ships – long and light – sail fast – near the shore – could be repaired
  • 10.
    • 20 th July – Spanish armada – planned to collect force at Netherlands by passing the English Channel
    • English fleet attacked
    • Spanish fleet kept moving and anchored at Calais
    • English admiral’s mischievous idea – sent flaming ships –
    • Spanish ships moved here and there – they changed their plan – went home around Scotland and Ireland – 1588 reached home with 52 ships.